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Health Why your muscles look so pumped up after the gym (and why they shrink later)

05:05  09 august  2018
05:05  09 august  2018 Source:   9coach.com.au

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Закрыть. Why Your Muscles Look Bigger After Exercise. KevinDrakeFitness. Загрузка People say their going to get a good pump on at the gym When your muscles get pumped up , they look quite a bit different to how they normally look . Are you happy with your biceps being swollen for a couple

Muscles pump up after a gym workout because your body sends blood to them to help them recover and repair. It's hard to know whether the best bit about going to the gym is the long-term health benefits or the short-term satisfaction of seeing your muscles look so defined.

a close up of a persons hand: iStock © iStock iStock It's hard to know whether the best bit about going to the gym is the long-term health benefits or the short-term satisfaction of seeing your muscles look so defined.

The "pump" effect has been capitalised on by bodybuilders for decades who flex their muscles backstage so they look as sculpted as possible in competition. But it's also a phenomenon that everyday strength trainers notice.

"Anyone who goes to the gym and does a reasonably intense workout will notice that," Professor David Bishop, from Victoria University's Institute of Sport and Health, tells Coach.

"It's good for the ego because for an hour or so after your workout, your muscles will have this 'pumped up' look."

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This is why bodybuilders will pump up backstage before shows, doing high repetitions of light weights… After a relatively short period of time – ranging from just a few minutes to a couple of hours – the pump feeling will have largely vanished from the muscles you trained, and you’ll be back

Your muscles get “ pumped up ” because of the swelling caused and increased blood flow to the The actual muscle building (repair and growth of new muscle tissue) takes place out of the gym , when Fattening your ass up on huge amounts of calories and lifting weights is just fooling yourself and others.

Professor Bishop says that it happens because your body responds to intense muscle contractions by sending blood that contains nutrients and oxygen to the muscles and it effectively gets "stuck" there.

"When you're doing resistance training, you're massively increasing the amount of blood that's going to your muscles and contracting the muscles is sort of like squeezing a hose, and the blood backs up," he explains.

"It flows into the muscles through the arteries, which are quite deep, but flows out through the veins, which are narrower — so you're getting more blood going into the muscle than can actually leave the muscle."

On top of that, the pressure in the muscles causes plasma, which is the clear part of blood, to squeeze out of the capillaries into the "interstitial spaces" between your capillaries and your muscles.

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This is the reason why your muscles looked pumped up and much larger right after working out because they are full of blood which provides that It can be disappointing when just a few hours later your muscle pump has faded and your physique looks the same as it did before you walked into the

When you exercise (especially strength train), you’re breaking down your muscles , and over the next few days they are rebuilding themselves up stronger. Full guide to the most effective diet and why it works. Complete and track your first workout today, no gym required.

"That fluid will build up there and it will take a few hours [to go down]," Professor Bishop says.

You don't get the same effect with something like running because the muscle contractions are less intense.

"You might lift a really heavy weight eight to 10 times, whereas if you go for a run you would be taking thousands of steps," Professor Bishop explains.

"When you're running, the force of contraction is magnitudes lower and [there are moments of rest] when one leg is in the air – there's this contraction, relaxation, contraction that happens when you're running, whereas when you're lifting weights, it's basically a continual muscle contraction for the length of time you're doing the weight-training session."

The only downer of the pump effect is the fact that it goes away after a few hours.

"Some people probably do get disappointed in how awesome they look after a workout and then wake up the next day and find that it's all gone back to normal," Professor Bishop says.

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To understand why this happens, we need to look at what’s going on inside our muscles when we lift When you contract your muscles , metabolic byproducts like lactic acid build up in and around the In other words, heavy strength training will get you about 80 percent of your results in the gym

The " pump " improves your muscle -building efforts, too. A paper published in a 2014 issue of Strength and Conditioning Journal showed that the pump Moves that encourage a pumped - up appearance include lateral shoulder raises, pushups, leg curls and triceps dips. Do these exercises one after the

"Your body is really good at returning itself to normal."

But at least you know that if you keep up with the weights, eventually that larger size might be there to stay. 

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