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Travel Visiting the Demilitarised Zone on the border of North and South Korea: Touring the DMZ

12:11  14 february  2018
12:11  14 february  2018 Source:   traveller.com.au

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The Korean Demilitarized Zone is a strip of land running across the Korean Peninsula. It is established by the provisions of the Korean Armistice Agreement to serve as a buffer zone between

During the month before our coach tour from Seoul to the Demilitarised Zone ( DMZ ) separating North and South Korea , the North conducted underground nuclear weapons testing and fired a new long-range missile.

Vintage military hardware on display in Imjingak Park, South Korea.© Mark Daffey Vintage military hardware on display in Imjingak Park, South Korea.

During the month before our coach tour from Seoul to the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) separating North and South Korea, the North conducted underground nuclear weapons testing and fired a new long-range missile. In retaliation, South Korea closed its factory complex just over the border at the Kaesong Industrial Complex, an uneasy alliance combining South Korea's technical knowledge and capital with cheap labour from the North, where monthly wages average $US200 against $US4000 in the South.

Soldiers stand guard at the Joint Security Areabetween North and South Korea. The JSA was created in 1953 as a neutral area inside the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) for negotiating peace agreements between North and South Korea.© Mark Daffey Soldiers stand guard at the Joint Security Areabetween North and South Korea. The JSA was created in 1953 as a neutral area inside the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) for negotiating peace agreements between North and South Korea.

Winter snowflakes drift down outside our windows as we pass through the Civilian Control Line, 50 kilometres north of Seoul and the first checkpoint along Highway 1, the only road connecting the two Koreas. From this point north, 10 kilometres from the Military Demarcation Line (MDL) border that separates the two foes, civilian habitation is confined to just two small farming communities.

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The North Korean DMZ border is no longer off-limits to tourists, and can be visited as an easy day trip from Seoul. Here are some of the top-rated tours that can be booked online: South Korea Demilitarized Zone Half-Day Tour .

Today, the border between North Korea and South Korea remains one of the most tense and dangerous in the world. AJ+'s Dena Takruri takes you inside the demilitarized zone between the two countries, known as the DMZ , where war could break out at any moment.

A South Korean soldier boards our bus to check our passports and dress code (no ripped jeans, sandals or clothing displaying provocative text) before we board a military bus at Camp Bonifas, the army base just outside the DMZ, a heavily fortified, 240-kilometre-long buffer zone either side of the border. Our guide, Seon Mee, advises us to leave any bags on the bus. "Cameras and phones must be carried in your hands," she says.

A South Korean soldier stands guard in a Joint Security Area conference room.© Mark Daffey A South Korean soldier stands guard in a Joint Security Area conference room.

Because of the snow, a decision is made to postpone our briefing on behavioural protocol inside the Joint Security Area (JSA) until after we've passed through a double barbed-wire fence and entered Freedom House, a Soviet-style concrete "palace" overlooking the border. It was here  that the two sides traded shots after the defection of a Russian asylum seeker in 1984. And as recently as November 13, 2017, a North Korean soldier made a bold dash across the MDL under a hail of gunfire.

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I might not be the only one. There is the Demilitarized Zone ( DMZ ) itself — this spans the entirety of the border , sea to sea. South Korea actually ‘closes’ the DMZ on Sunday and Monday for tours . These are also coincidently the only days a visit from the North is possible.

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Considering this border region's chequered history, it surprises no one when we're asked to sign waiver forms against the "possibility of injury or death as a direct result of enemy action". We are also under strict instructions not to point at anyone, and at one stage I kneel on one knee to take a photograph whereupon I'm promptly ordered to stand up again, lest it be considered inflammatory. To say that this place is jittery is beyond doubt.

A total of 24 buildings, often referred to as Truce Village, are scattered around inside the JSA, where South Korea's Freedom House mirrors a North Korean equivalent, Panmun Hall. In between are two white barracks, which flank three buildings painted in the powder blue colour of the United Nations. Collectively, they are known as Conference Row, as this is where officials from both sides meet to discuss diplomatic issues under the watchful eye of the UN. Office desks are scattered around a room that's otherwise remarkable for its austerity, with the MDL that roughly follows the 38th Parallel cutting through the middle of them.

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A dummy soldier beside the Bridge of Freedom at Imjingak Park, South Korea.© Mark Daffey A dummy soldier beside the Bridge of Freedom at Imjingak Park, South Korea.

This part of the JSA – also known as Panmunjeom, after the village here that was abandoned during the war – is as close as you're likely to get to a North Korean soldier. Outside, I count seven South Korean guards, plus a further three UN soldiers. Two South Korean soldiers stand to attention inside the middle building. Just one North Korean soldier is visible across the border.

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South Korean tanks took part in a military exercise near the demilitarised zone in 2000 to prepare for a possible North Korean attack. Organised tours of the DMZ are a must for visitors to either side of the border .

South Korean soldiers on the border of North Korea . They are the ones stationed at the “ demilitarised zone ” that separates the two Koreas. The area, commonly known as the DMZ , is one of the most fortified borders in the world – separating two countries that have technically remained at

From the JSA, we cross back over the Imjin River to Imjingak Park, where an amusement centre incongruously appears beside military hardware and monuments to fallen soldiers. Other significant exhibits are a bullet-riddled steam locomotive and the timber Bridge of Freedom, where 13,000 prisoners of war traded sides after the signing of the 1953 Armistice Agreement to halt the Korean War.

Four North Korean border tunnels were discovered between 1974 and 1990. The third tunnel was unearthed in 1978 and it is into this that we descend next, boarding a monorail then walking through a two-metre-diameter burrow that would have allowed up to 3000 North Korean troops to infiltrate enemy lines each hour had it not been found. At 1635 metres, it is the longest of the four tunnels, and the closest to Seoul.

The tunnel is just east of Dorasan Station, the last stop on the Gyeonggi railway line that extended into North Korea in the hope that it would grow into a global distribution hub for the Far East. Opened in 2007, the line continued through to Kaesong then closed a year later after North Korea's fledgling nuclear weapons program became an open secret. The station represents little more than an outsized monument to hope now. Dora Observatory, the lookout point into the North Korean side of the DMZ and perhaps as far as Kaesong, would normally be the final stop on our tour. But the poor weather foils our plans and instead we return – safely – to Seoul.

Mark Daffey travelled as a guest of the Korean Tourism Organisation.

Trip Notes

MORE

traveller.com.au/south-korea

visitkorea.org.au

FLY

Korean Air flies daily from Sydney to Seoul/Incheon, and flies direct from Brisbane four times a week, with daily flights during the peak season of December to February. See koreanair.com

TOUR

Joongang Express Tour's full-day Panmunjeom/JSA itineraries from Seoul cost about $100. See jsatour.com


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