Australia: Nine ways Bob Hawke's government changed Australia - PressFrom - Australia
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AustraliaNine ways Bob Hawke's government changed Australia

14:50  16 may  2019
14:50  16 may  2019 Source:   abc.net.au

Hawke ‘man who made modern Australia’ says Beazley

Hawke ‘man who made modern Australia’ says Beazley Western Australia Governor Kim Beazley has eulogised Bob Hawke as a man who "made modern Australia". The former deputy prime minister, Labor leader and US ambassador spoke to Tracy Grimshaw on A Current Affair. "Last night I could barely put two words together, I was so sad," he said. © A Current Affair Former Labor leader Kim Beazley has praised the late Bob Hawke. "This morning I became elevated because you just saw a wonderful outpouring of appreciation of a really, genuinely great life. "As a friend of Bob's, you had a feeling there's a lot of people who shared your grief.

Robert James Lee Hawke , AC, GCL ( 9 December 1929 – 16 May 2019) was an Australian politician who was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia and the Leader of the Labor Party from 1983 to 1991.

The Hawke Government was the federal executive government of Australia led by Prime Minister Bob Hawke of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) from 1983 to 1991.

Nine ways Bob Hawke's government changed Australia© Frédéric REGLAIN/GAMMA-RAPHO 1988: Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke in Canberra. Bob Hawke was prime minister from 1983 to 1991, during which time his government brought in major economic and environmental reforms that endure to this day.

Take a look at some of the major moments from the Labor giant's time in office.

1. Floating the Australian dollar

Often described as his most significant legacy, Mr Hawke's newly elected government floated the Australian dollar on the global currency market in 1983.

Before that, the Aussie dollar's value had always been pegged to that of another currency — first the British pound, then the US dollar.

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Hawke’s prophetic warning on ‘worldwide decline’ of democracies Commentators worldwide have been warning against the rise of autocracy and the weakness of democratic governments for some time - but Bob Hawke called it before all of them. To commemorate the long-serving former prime minister on the day following his passing, A Current Affair aired an interview between Mr Hawke and host Tracy Grimshaw in 2014. That interview took place after the death of Mr Hawke's Labor predecessor Gough Whitlam. © A Current Affair Five years past, Bob Hawke warned that democratic leadership was in decline.

This is the interview live on NINE straight after Australia had won the Americas Cup and The Prime Minister Bob Hawke declared any boss who gave a worker the You can change this preference below.

Bob Hawke is a former prime minister of Australia . Special report: The Howard government is often identified as the culprit, but Labor and the union movement also made mistakes.

The move was the first in a long line of deregulation undertaken by Mr Hawke and his treasurer Paul Keating, with some commentators saying it helped Australia avoid the impacts of the 1997 Asian financial crisis.

2. Opening the Australian economy to global competition

Mr Hawke was praised for modernising the national economy and integrating it into the global one.

He allowed the operation of foreign-owned banks and sold the state-owned Commonwealth Bank of Australia. He also removed controls on foreign exchange and Australian interest rates.

In 1989, Mr Hawke founded the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum to promote participation and growth in the region.

Reforms introduced by his government in 1990 and 1991 included opening Australia to competition in the telecommunications industry.

Hawke says Shorten has the goods to be PM

Hawke says Shorten has the goods to be PM Former prime minister Bob Hawke says Bill Shorten's union experience will be an asset if he Labor is elected at Saturday's federal election. Credit Cards Are Now Offering 0% Interest Until 2020 Find out more on Finder Ad Finder.com.au "While Bill's political opponents argue his trade union background is a liability for a future prime minister, I consider it an asset, as it was for me," the former Labor prime minister writes. "It gives him the experience to achieve consensus with business, unions and community-based organisations for the challengers that lie ahead.

You can change this preference below. Опубликовано: 25 сент. 2013 г. Former PM Bob Hawke shares a joke with 1983 America' s Cup winning skipper John Bertrand and syndicate owner Alan Bond on the 30th anniversary of Australia II' s historic victory.

Bob Hawke ' s 'big life': conversations with an Australian legend. He won four elections and was prime minister for nearly nine years – can we imagine that now, when citizens are now so impatient and quick “A Bob Hawke today behaving in the same manner would never have become prime minister.

Mr Hawke also reduced all tariffs to 5 per cent and phased out protections for the textile, clothing and motor vehicle industries.

3. Launching Medicare

Mr Hawke announced Medicare in February 1984, bringing the scheme into line with the Medibank model originally introduced by Gough Whitlam but partially dismantled by Malcolm Fraser's government.

Medicare became Australia's first affordable, universal system of health insurance.

4. Striking IR agreement with unions

Despite being a former trade union leader, Mr Hawke made significant changes to industrial relations policy.

In 1983, the Australian economy needed restructuring and inflation needed to be brought under control, but Mr Hawke would face resistance from unions.

While his British counterpart Margaret Thatcher tackled them head on, Mr Hawke chose the path of consensus, striking the Prices and Incomes Accord.

PM reflects on 'great Australian' Hawke

PM reflects on 'great Australian' Hawke Scott Morrison has reacted to the death of former Labor prime minister Bob Hawke, who he says was a "great Australian" who made the country stronger. "He was true to his beliefs in the Labor tradition and defined the politics of his generation and beyond. "He was the most electorally-successful federal Labor leader in history: the winner of four successive elections and the longest-serving Labor prime minister. "We remember him for his unique capacity to speak to all Australians as one - from everyday battlers to business leaders. His larrikinism was a big part of that.

Bob Hawke did not consult the cabinet before making his famous, tearful promise to allow Chinese students to stay in Australia after the 1989 Tiananmen Less than half were of solely of Anglo-Celtic descent. Hawke ’ s commitment to a multicultural Australia was well established by the time of the

Bob Hawke at the state funeral of Sir Nicholas Shehadie at St James’ Church in Sydney in The former prime minister Bob Hawke is undergoing minor tests and is keen to get home to his “cigar • Sign up to receive the top stories in Australia every day at noon. Hawke served as Australia ’ s 23rd

The Accord saw unions agree to restrict wage demands in return for a government pledge to minimise inflation and implement social services.

The Hawke government's other industrial relations policies involved award restructuring and the introduction of enterprise bargaining.

Supporters of the Accord pointed to reduced industrial disputes and access to superannuation.

But the Accord had its critics. The left decried it as "class collaboration", while the right said wage growth slumped, and charged that the agreement did not go far enough in terms of flexibility in the labour market.

5. Giving the Commonwealth power over World Heritage sites

After beating Malcolm Fraser in the 1983 federal election, Mr Hawke passed the World Heritage Properties Conservation Act 1983 which, along with legislation already passed by the Whitlam government, enabled the Commonwealth to protect Australia's world heritage sites from threatening actions.

The legislation used a section in the constitution which gave the federal government power to make laws with respect to external affairs — in this case an international treaty with UNESCO on world heritage sites.

'We have lost a favourite son': Bill Shorten pays tribute to Hawke

'We have lost a favourite son': Bill Shorten pays tribute to Hawke Labor leader Bill Shorten has paid tribute to Australia’s “favourite son” Bob Hawke, who has today died aged 89.

Bob Hawke marks 88th birthday early with a Hawke Lager. Eighty-eight is great innings in cricket and in life, and arguably the nation’ s most popular politician and prime Former prime minister Bob Hawke has taken aim at the Turnbull government ’ s same-sex marriage postal survey, claiming it is the worst

Bob Hawke is an Australian politician who was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia . Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline. However, shortly afterwards he discontinued his studies to be a part of the Australian Council of Trade Unions.

Several states and territories opposed the act as it meant the Commonwealth's powers would override their own.

The government then moved for world heritage listing of Tasmania's forests and the North Queensland rainforests.

6. Saving Tasmania's Franklin River from damming

Before the 1983 election, Tasmania's Franklin River was listed by the World Heritage Committee as a world heritage site.

On his election and the passing of the new conservation act, Mr Hawke announced the river would not be dammed for a hydroelectricity development.

The Liberal Tasmanian premier, Robin Gray, challenged the decision in the High Court. But on July 1, 1983, the High Court announced "there shall be no dam on the Franklin River", answering conservation activists' calls to "let the Franklin run free".

The decision paved the way for an expansive use of the external affairs power to support a range of federal environmental legislation, including the current Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

7. Banning uranium mining at Jabiluka, Arnhem Land

The Hawke government banned new uranium mining at Jabiluka, on the western border of Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory, and gave highly publicised priority to the world heritage listing of Kakadu National Park.

Reaction to former PM Bob Hawke's death

Reaction to former PM Bob Hawke's death Reaction to the death of former Labor prime minister Bob Hawke, who died at his Sydney home on Thursday aged 89.

The Hawke Government created Medicare and Landcare, brokered the Prices and Incomes Hawke was educated at Perth Modern School and the University of Western Australia Encyclopedia Article. Gough Whitlam, Bob Hawke , Queensland, Liberal Party of Australia , National Party of Australia .

The Hawke Government set out to change Australia , having learnt from the successes and failures of past governments . Bob Hawke ’ s admiration for West Australian tycoon Alan Bond was well known when Bond's yacht Australia II won the America’s Cup for Australia in September 1983.

The park was inscribed on the world heritage list in three stages, beginning in 1981 and concluding in 1992.

8. Outlawing gender discrimination in the workplace

In 1984, the Sex Discrimination Act outlawed sex discrimination in the workplace.

Mr Hawke appointed Susan Ryan to the portfolio of minister assisting the prime minister for the status of women and she served in the role from 1983 to 1988.

Mr Hawke and Ms Ryan also presided over the passing of the Affirmative Action (Equal Employment Opportunity for Women) Act 1986, which has since been superseded by the Equal Opportunity for Women in the Workplace Act 1999 and most recently, the Workplace Gender Equality Act 2012.

9. Proclaiming Advance Australia Fair, and showing his colours

Advance Australia Fair was adopted as Australia's national anthem by the governor-general in 1984, on a recommendation from Mr Hawke.

The announcement followed a decade of debate, a national opinion poll in 1974 and a plebiscite in 1977.

At the same time, Mr Hawke announced that green and gold would be officially recognised as Australia's national colours.

Pictures: Bob Hawke's life in pictures

Nine ways Bob Hawke's government changed Australia

Mother-of-three shares a touching letter she received from Bob Hawke after she wrote to him asking for help dealing with her grandmother’s death in 1985.
Tracey Corbin-Matchett was trying to cope with her loss when she wrote to Mr Hawke, who died aged 89 at his Sydney home on Thursday. 'As a child struggling with my Nan's death, I wrote to PM Bob Hawke, to help my young mind understand why we die,' she wrote on Twitter. 'His letter back to me is my most treasured childhood memory!' © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited Tracey Corbin-Matchett (pictured) was coping with her grandmother's death as a child when she wrote to Mr Hawke, who died aged 89 at his Sydney home on Thursday Mr Hawke returned her letter on July 23, 1985.

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