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Australia Comment: Why Aussie children with mothers are more likely to be left in Syria

17:10  16 october  2019
17:10  16 october  2019 Source:   abc.net.au

Intellectually disabled Australian teenager is holed up by himself in degrading conditions inside a crowded and filthy men's jail in Syria

  Intellectually disabled Australian teenager is holed up by himself in degrading conditions inside a crowded and filthy men's jail in Syria A Sydney teenager with an intellectual disability is reportedly being detained in a crowded and filthy men's jail among ISIS fighters in northern Syria, despite having done nothing wrongThe father of an ISIS bride trapped in a Syrian refugee camp says the boy's mother is worried sick about her son's welfare after finding out he's on his own and not with his Australian father.

Mothers are being urged by researchers in Australia to 'seek advice' if their baby is heavy. View comments . The heaviest babies are more likely to suffer childhood food allergies or 'Things like an egg allergy a lot of kids will grow out of, whereas peanut allergies are much more likely to persist.'

Little more than half of babies born worldwide are boys - but the research showed only a third of women who showed signs of stress, such as high blood pressure or a But experts believe anxious women are less likely to have a successful pregnancy with a boy because male foetuses are less robust.

Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

The children whose mothers have managed to survive the Syrian conflict are being considered a lower priority — or simply a more difficult case — for bringing back to Australia than orphans.

That fact has become apparent in international responses to the humanitarian crisis in Syria, as well as Australia's own efforts.

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A study of more than 18,000 teenagers has found that those with strong family relationships are less likely to develop the mental illness. Previous research showed children who feel alienated from their parents are more prone to depression at school.

Bipolar disorder patients are more than THREE TIMES more likely to get Parkinson's, major review Those with bipolar faced an increased risk of more than three times Patients with the mood disorder were more than three times more likely to end up with

More than 40 Australian children remain in the Syrian prison camp of al-Hawl, in the care of around 20 women with links to terror group Islamic State.

Their presence follows the retreat and fall of the terror movement in the region earlier this year.

More than 40 Australian children remain in the prison camp of al-Hawl, in north-east Syria. (ABC News: Emma Machan)© Provided by Australian Broadcasting Corporation More than 40 Australian children remain in the prison camp of al-Hawl, in north-east Syria. (ABC News: Emma Machan) The Federal Government has so far brought back eight children from Syria. They are mostly orphans, some with family in Australia.

Foreign Minister Marise Payne has said repatriation efforts were "very, very complex".

"I have some knowledge that went into the efforts of returning a number of orphaned children to Australia, and it is very dangerous, it is very complex, it's very, very time consuming," she said last week.

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View comments . An Australian mother has revealed what it is like to raise three children who all have Tourette's Syndrome. Mandy says she allows herself to cry but then quickly finds her composure - realising that she is in a supporting role for her children and needs to be there for them.

Studies shower the mothers are more likely to abuse children than fathers. #fact I would rather listen to I think the statistics show that mothers are more likely to be in a situation where they will be poor and Luke, I am interested in your comment about ‘high conflict people with a personality disorder’.

Some of the children were born in Syria and their links to Australia are difficult to verify. For others, passports may have been lost.

But whatever the circumstances, many countries have prioritised orphans for extraction while other children remain in camps.

And the window might be closing.

Why it's complicated

Prime Minister Scott Morrison earlier this month said "we have already facilitated some returns, particularly of young children, orphans who are in many respects victims of this terrible process".

Rodger Shanahan, research fellow at The Lowy Institute, said "on every level" orphans tend to be far less complex legally and "much more straightforward in a policy sense".

"In cases where the maternity and paternity is known, so their citizenship is known, their parents have been killed while in Syria, so they don't have anybody to look after them," he said.

"It's much easier for governments to bring orphans back to their own country, where they can either become wards of the state or there's a clear family support network."

'Islamic State' children: How do they get home?

  'Islamic State' children: How do they get home? Returning foreign children from detention camps in Syria involves legal and political obstacles.The children, Amira, Heba and Hamza, were featured in a recent BBC report from a Syrian camp for the families of IS fighters.

This seemed likely to herald the end of a five-year effort to partner with Syrian Kurdish and Arab fighters to ensure a lasting The Pentagon chief did not say U.S. troops are leaving Syria entirely. The only other U.S. presence in Syria is at Tanf Why are they not asking for a Declaration of War?'

Children are four-times more likely to be poor if the father is not around. And we know that poverty is heavily associated with academic success. You say the data you've looked at suggest that children growing up without a father are more than twice as likely to commit suicide.

He said determining maternity and paternity creates complexity. He said children born to Syrian fathers were automatically Syrian by local law.

"The problem from a policy perspective is each family's case is complex and has to be dealt with individually, because often the families have complex maternity and paternity backgrounds given the numbers of years they've been members of Islamic State," he said.

What the world is doing

Analysis of reported repatriations from 2019 shows Australia's response is broadly consistent with key allies and developed countries.

While some central Asian nations have brought home hundreds of women and children, the response from other countries has been more restrained.

Reports of returned children

ChildrenOrphans
Nigeria - September3All
Austria - August2All
Germany - August43
Australia - June8Most
Belgium - June6All
Denmark - June1None
France - June12All
Kazakhstan - June171"Significant number"
Netherlands - June2All
Norway - June5All
Sweden - June7All
US - June6Unknown
Kazakhstan - May15618
Uzbekistan - May90Unknown
Kosovo - April749
France - March5All
Kazakhstan - January30Unknown

Table covers reports in 2019 and is accurate as of October 16. Have we missed a report? Email [email protected] and the table will be updated.

Dutton refuses to rescue Australian women and children trapped in Syria

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Mothers - to - be who are stressed are more likely to have a Hope for thousands of patients with sickle cell For, quite apart from leaving them unprotected for too long, with my first two unvaccinated, it The most recent paper, published in March, involved more than 650,000 children up to about the

This section lists females who gave birth to at least 20 children . Numbers in bold and italics are likely to be inexact, some of them having been recorded before the 19th century.

The national security element

Some fear the potential threat to national security in bringing back mothers alongside their children.

Labor Home Affairs spokeswoman Kristina Keneally on Sunday said she had received departmental advice that "some of them do retain a determination to commit terrorist acts".

"However, the Department also advises me that, in their view, some of the women are genuine victims, that is they were taken to Syria either deceived or taken against their will," she said.

Kamalle Dabboussy, father of an Australian woman still in Syria, said in the cases with which he was familiar, there were stories of coercion, grooming, trickery or "some naivete".

"Regardless of what those concerns may be, there are numerous instruments available to monitor and support those families upon their return," he said.

Why time is running out

Humanitarian staff are being withdrawn from the region as Turkish forces move in, intent on establishing a "safe zone" along its border to resettle refugees.

There is speculation the al-Hawl camp might be targeted for attack.

The camp, close to the Iraqi border, is home to tens of thousands. Its residents include foreigners, women, children and men captured in the final assaults on the Islamic State group.

Despite the escalating tensions, Mat Tinkler, director of policy for humanitarian group Save the Children, on Tuesday said "the window for repatriation still exists".

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Save the Children has said that at several hospitals and ambulance centers it supports in eastern Aleppo, half of the casualties have been children since the Hanaa Singer, the Unicef representative in Syria , said precise numbers of child casualties in east Aleppo had yet to be determined.

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"Our advice is Kurdish administration and officials will facilitate the transfer of Australian nationals to the border to Iraq, where they can be repatriated by the Australian Government," he said.

He added that work can be done in the "relative stability" of Erbil or Duhok in northern Iraq, including negotiations or application of Australian law.

Mr Shanahan said the complexity of each family's case had protracted efforts.

"Advocates and media organisations have said 'well we can get there, why can't government officials get there?'," he said.

"The safety issue up until now has really been a secondary issue — advocates and media organisations don't have to test maternity and paternity of children and deal with complexities of the policy."

Testing requires the use of DNA kits and demands those involved are forthcoming about the identity of a child's parents.

"While the safety issue might have been secondary previously, given what's happening at the moment … it's probably the primary concern at the moment and it's only going to get more difficult in the future," he said.

Publicly, the Government remains focused on ensuring Australian officials are not put at risk.

Two weeks ago, even before Turkey ramped up its military campaign, the Prime Minister argued it was "way too dangerous" to send in Australian officials.

"We work with our humanitarian partners where we have been able to facilitate, particularly young children who have been caught up in all this," Mr Morrison said.

"But let's not assume that the individuals, particularly obviously the adults who were involved here don't present any potential threat to Australia.

"That would be a big mistake to make."

Does Australia Have to Bring Its Women and Children Home From Syria’s Camps? .
The Australia Letter is a weekly newsletter from our Australia bureau. Sign up to get it by email. This week’s issue is written by Livia Albeck-Ripka, a reporter with the Australia bureau. Early last week, I took a road trip from Melbourne to Canberra. In many ways, it was a normal Australian road trip: an eclectic playlist, dead kangaroos on the road, and, of course, a stop at The Dog on the Tuckerbox.

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