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Australia Voluntary euthanasia becomes law in WA in emotional scenes at Parliament

13:31  10 december  2019
13:31  10 december  2019 Source:   abc.net.au

Voluntary euthanasia bill passes WA Upper House with laws set to take hold within days

  Voluntary euthanasia bill passes WA Upper House with laws set to take hold within days Western Australia is set to become the second state to legalise voluntary euthanasia after proposed laws allowing terminally ill people to end their own lives pass the Upper House. The controversial voluntary assisted dying bill is now destined to become law within days after being passed 24 votes to 11.

Voluntary euthanasia is the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. Voluntary euthanasia (VE) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) have been the focus of great controversy in recent years.

CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Voluntary euthanasia became legal in an Australian state on Wednesday more than 20 years after the country But the Australian Parliament overturned that law in 1997 after four people had been helped to die. The Australian Parliament does not have the same

a group of people holding a sign: Voluntary euthanasia supporters gathered at Parliament House during the Government's VAD legislation debate. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)© Provided by ABC NEWS Voluntary euthanasia supporters gathered at Parliament House during the Government's VAD legislation debate. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)

Historic legislation allowing terminally ill people to end their own lives has passed the West Australian Parliament, making it the second state after Victoria to allow voluntary euthanasia.

Supporters of the bill cheered and gave a standing ovation from the public gallery as the Legislative Assembly voted it into law.

There were also emotional scenes on the floor of Parliament as MPs hugged each other in celebration after months of drawn-out debate.

Euthanasia debate breakthrough, with WA likely to pass voluntary assisted dying laws within days

  Euthanasia debate breakthrough, with WA likely to pass voluntary assisted dying laws within days The West Australian Parliament looks set to legalise voluntary euthanasia within days after a late-night parliamentary sitting brought the process to the verge of a conclusion.The development came after a late-night parliamentary sitting brought the process to the verge of a conclusion, after weeks of prolonged debate — particularly in the Upper House.

CANBERRA, Australia - Voluntary euthanasia became legal in an Australian state on Wednesday more than 20 years after the country repealed the But the Australian Parliament overturned that law in 1997 after four people had been helped to die. The Australian Parliament does not have the same

The criminal law prohibits active voluntary euthanasia . The law is not enforced against doctors. The law in relation to the first category, passive voluntary euthanasia , is discussed in an earlier paper Knowing how to play the game becomes the crucial determinant of criminal liability, rather than what

Health Minister Roger Cook held back tears as he delivered his final address to the house.

WA Premier Mark McGowan said it was a historic, but also sombre, day for all those who fought for years to give terminally ill people the option to legally end their pain and suffering.

"This is a day in which all those people who have fought for this, who have called for it, who have asked for it, all those people who have died requesting it … it will bring to a close," Mr McGowan said.

"It means all those people who are worried about their own futures, worried about their parents' futures, will have the comfort of knowing that if they're dying and in agony, they can exercise their own choice.

"It is a fundamental question of human rights to be able to exercise your own choice in that situation."

Final WA euthanasia push as voluntary assisted dying bill sparks two all-night parliament sessions

  Final WA euthanasia push as voluntary assisted dying bill sparks two all-night parliament sessions WA's bid to legalise voluntary euthanasia hits its most crucial juncture, with MPs facing two all-night sittings this week in a bid to get to a final vote on the contentious legislation. Upper House MPs have been warned to expect to sit from lunchtime today until well into Thursday as the McGowan Government makes a last-ditch bid to reach a vote on the voluntary assisted dying (VAD) bill before the Christmas recess. require(["inlineoutstreamAd", "c.

When we hear the phrase voluntary euthanasia people generally think of one of two things: the active termination of life at the patient's request as it occurs in the Netherlands (or similar proposals in other countries); or the Nazi extermination program of murder.

Active euthanasia is illegal in the United Kingdom. Although it is an offence to actively end a patient's life, many doctors still assist their patients with their wishes by withholding treatment and reducing pain, "according to a 2006 article in the Guardian".

Lower House MPs had returned to Parliament for a special sitting to debate 55 amendments to the legislation made by the Legislative Council, which had debated the bill for more than 105 hours until it was passed last week. All the amendments were passed, with the Government's support.

A series of safeguards

The Government argued the amendments did not impact the operation or the integrity of the bill, which had more than 100 safeguards in place.

Under the scheme, to be eligible a person would have to be terminally ill with a condition that is causing intolerable suffering and is likely to cause death within six months, or 12 months for a neurodegenerative condition.

A person would have to make two verbal requests and one written request. Those requests would have to be signed off by two doctors who are independent of each other.

The choice of lethal medication would be a clinical decision from an approved list of drugs.

Assisted dying bill leaves sick and elderly open to coercion

  Assisted dying bill leaves sick and elderly open to coercion Set to pass this week, the Western Australian law will be more liberal than the Victorian version.Last week the state's Upper House voted resoundingly in favour of the Voluntary Assisted Dying Bill 24 to 11.

The first legislative approval for voluntary euthanasia was achieved with the passage in the parliament of Australia ’s Northern Territory of a Australia is a federation consisting of six states and two territories. Unlike the territories, the states do have the constitutional right to enact such legislation

CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Voluntary euthanasia became legal in an Australian state on Wednesday more than 20 years after the country But the Australian Parliament overturned that law in 1997 after four people had been helped to die. The Australian Parliament does not have the same

Self-administration would be the preferred method, but in a departure from the Victorian regime, a patient could choose for a medical practitioner to administer the drug.

In Victoria, a doctor can only administer the drug if a patient is physically incapable.

'Dangerous' laws still have critics

But Upper House Liberal MP Nick Goiran, the most vocal opponent of the bill and who spoke on every clause in the Legislative Council, maintained it was the most dangerous voluntary euthanasia legislation ever passed in Australia, even though he had proposed 25 of the 55 amendments passed.

He previously said unlike the Victorian legislation, there was no requirement for a specialist doctor to be involved and patients could self-administer the lethal medication with no supervision.

They also did not have to keep the medication in a locked box.

Mr McGowan stressed it was a voluntary scheme.

"Those people who want to access it, will be able to access it," he said.

"Those people who don't want to access it, won't have to access it. It's a voluntary decision on one of the most important periods in your own life, which is when you are dying and when you are in pain."

An 18-month wait to access the program

There would now be an 18-month implementation period to give health and other service providers time to prepare for voluntary euthanasia before it comes into effect.

Health Minister Roger Cook said WA would benefit from Victoria's experience in bringing voluntary euthanasia into law.

"We'll obviously borrow a lot from Victoria, Mr Cook said.

"But Western Australia is a unique landscape, over 2.5 million square kilometres of country we have to make sure we spread these laws to.

"So we're going to take very cautious steps to ensure that when we implement these laws that it's absolutely safe and that everyone has the opportunity to access voluntary assisted dying."

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The company suddenly entered administration in late October, leaving a number of shoppers out-of-pocket, unable to process returns, refunds or any orders. At the time, the company was "urgently" seeking a buyer, and today chief executive Yosuke Hall announced it has found a backer, with the online retailer "reinvigorated and recapitalised" after partnering with wholesaler Marlin Brands.Marlin's brands include homewares brand Albi, kitchen storage brand Decor, gifts company Independence Studios and technology brand Pacific Optics.

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