Australia China's carbon neutral by 2060 pledge has wowed some, but where is the detail?

22:28  24 september  2020
22:28  24 september  2020 Source:   msn.com

Joan Smalls flaunts her model figure in bright orange trench coat

  Joan Smalls flaunts her model figure in bright orange trench coat The Puerto Rican beauty, 32, looked incredible in the stylish outfit as she strutted her stuff down the runway. © Provided by Daily Mail Stylish: Joan Smalls caught the eye in a white ensemble and bright orange trench coat at Burberry's London Fashion Week show on Thursday The model looked chic in white trousers and a long white top adorned with the brand name that featured a lace trim.She wowed in the buttoned tangerine trench coat and elongated her long legs in a pair of heeled leather boots.

It's official: Chinese President Xi Jinping tells the UN that China is going carbon neutral by 2060 . But how does the world 's largest polluter even begin In China ' s case, Dr Geall said its forthcoming five-year plan would set out the detail for its emissions reduction commitments. " That will have an overall

China aims to be carbon neutral by 2060 , tightening its target to cut greenhouse-gases, and signaled higher spending on green technologies in the next Xi didn’t give any further details of what carbon neutrality means or set out further information about how China ’ s pledges under the Paris accord

It's official: China, the world's largest polluter, has committed to becoming carbon neutral by 2060.

This means that by that year China will not release more CO2 emissions into the atmosphere than it captures in some form.

President Xi Jinping made the announcement during a speech to a virtual meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on Wednesday, stating that "humankind can no longer afford to ignore the repeated warnings of nature".

China sets 2060 goal to go carbon neutral

  China sets 2060 goal to go carbon neutral Chinese President Xi Jinping vowed Tuesday that the world's largest greenhouse gas polluter will peak emissions in 2030 and go carbon neutral by 2060, in what environmentalists hailed as a major step forward. "We aim to have C02 emissions peak before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060," he said.The goals were the most concrete yet announced by China, which accounts for one quarter of the planet's greenhouse gas emissions blamed for fast-rising temperatures.

China will reach carbon neutrality before 2060 and ensure its greenhouse gas emissions peak in the next decade, Xi Jinping has told “For the first time ever there is now a clear long-term trajectory for decarbonisation in China .” China is the world ’ s biggest emitter, and had previously committed only

The secret drive for China ’ s 2060 target took shape inside Tsinghua University, where climate scientists had quietly spent more than a year Before the UN speech, though, Xi had never spoken publicly about carbon neutrality . The proposition was considered so remote that it was hardly

For years, China has been touted as an emerging green superpower, with the country making headlines for advances in sustainable technology, and its rapid uptake of renewable energies at a scale few other countries can match.

This has happened alongside grand policy statements from Beijing, touting its green credentials and its ambitions to rid its large cities from the damaging smog that severely impacts its citizens' health.

But beyond the rhetoric, how will Beijing step up to meet its latest pledge? And can it be trusted to stick to it?

Weaning energy-hungry China from coal

One of the stumbling blocks for China's capacity to drastically reduce its emissions is the sheer scale of its energy consumption, which is overwhelmingly powered by fossil fuels.

China commits to carbon neutrality by 2060, a first

 China commits to carbon neutrality by 2060, a first © GREG BAKER Xi Jinping's speech at the United Nations, broadcast on a giant screen in Beijing on September 22, 2020 For the first time, the China set itself a carbon neutral target on Tuesday, by 2060, a decision which strengthens the Paris climate agreement and accentuates the contrast with the climate withdrawal attitude of the United States under Donald Trump.

Xi Jinping said China will achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 , garnering much praise. Globally, the commitment has been well received by climate advocates. The timing of Xi’ s pledge , too—minutes after President Donald Trump reaffirmed his disdain for the Paris Agreement— has potentially established

Some analysts highlighted that China had not yet clarified what “ carbon - neutral ” would mean, and what “Xi’s pledge will need to be backed up with more details and concrete implementation. How can we reconcile carbon neutrality with China ’ s ongoing coal expansion?” said Li Shuo, an energy

The International Energy Agency's (IEA) most recent consumption figures for China found that it consumed 6,833.1 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity in 2018 alone.

To put this in perspective, the European Union (including the UK) consumed 3,098.1 TWh in 2018, while North America consumed 5,151 TWh in the same year.

[GRAPH: TWh compared]

China has the world's largest installed renewable energy capacity, but it is also the world's largest producer, importer, and consumer of coal, according to figures from the IEA.

The country is also responsible for the financing and construction of new coal power plants abroad, under its vast trade and development program known as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

"If this announcement also implies a shift in its foreign policy, promoting low-carbon instead of fossil technologies, this can further help developing countries to follow a similar low-carbon path towards carbon neutrality," Joeri Rogelj, a lecturer in climate change and the environment at Imperial College London, said.

Big promises, but can China be carbon neutral by 2060?

  Big promises, but can China be carbon neutral by 2060? Xi Jinping's shock promise to lead the world into a safer climate future was thin on details, leaving many questions unanswered on how the world's worst polluter will meet a 2060 carbon neutral target. China is responsible for over a quarter of the world's greenhouse gas emissions linked to global warming. But it is also the biggest global investor in renewable energy -- a country whose energy policy points both ways. AFP looks at what China has achieved, what needs to be done and whether China's post-pandemic love affair with coal will derail its climate plans.

China ’ s surprise pledge last week to cut its net carbon emissions to zero within 40 years has reignited hopes of The country is the world ’s largest producer of carbon dioxide (CO2), accounting for 28 But achieving carbon neutrality before 2060 will require drastically reducing the use of fossil fuels in

The world ’ s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases says it will be carbon - neutral by 2060 . President Xi Jinping recently announced that China would reduce its net carbon dioxide emissions to zero The government will have to develop a series of detailed interim targets for reducing emissions by sector

"Moreover, with both the EU and China now clearly indicating that they intend to achieve zero-emissions economies, the position of countries without such long-term visions, like the US and Australia, becomes increasingly isolated."

But coal has been central to China's rise as an industrial powerhouse, and ironically, it has been coal which has given Chinese industry the maturity to produce renewable energy products at such a large scale.

While China's reliance on coal in its energy mix is tracking downward, it still makes up the lion's share of the country's total energy production.

[Graph: Energy mix]

And as China slowly comes back online after its COVID-19 lockdowns, which saw emissions plunge by 25 per cent, emissions are again rising upward.

A study from Helsinki's Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air found that emissions in May rose 4 to 5 per cent compared to the same period in 2019.

"The country needs to shut down coal plants and stop trading in coal. That means renewables need to go up in scale drastically," Vinod Thomas, a specialist in climate change economics and former chief economist at the World Bank, told the ABC.

How affluent people can set a climate example by reducing overconsumption

  How affluent people can set a climate example by reducing overconsumption Every energy reduction we can make is a gift to future humans, and all life on Earth. And we should be on guard for excuses to avoid changing individual consumption behaviors; they’re often based on logical, arithmetic, and moral errors. For instance, affluent people sometimes argue that their consumption choices don’t matter because they’re just one person on a planet of more than 7 billion.

He said the number of carbon particles in the air — the ones responsible for global warming — are "already at a tipping point reaching and exceeding 415 parts per million (ppm)".

If the world hits 500ppm, the world may warm by 3 degrees Celsius, which would exacerbate extreme weather events and possibly endanger the world food supply.

"The melting of glaciers in the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau threatens the Yangtze and Yellow River basins, which sustain two-thirds of the economy and the livelihoods of 600 million people," Dr Thomas said.

"Between 1998 and 2017, countries reported $US2.9 trillion [$4.1 trillion] in economic losses, 77 per cent of it from climate change. The United States had the greatest losses, but China, Japan, and India were next.

"If China does not accelerate decarbonisation before 2030 and only do so after 2030, all bets are off."

So what will this mean for the average citizen?

Mr Xi's carbon-neutral pledge will affect the lives of almost 1.4 billion people, and may influence other countries in its sphere of influence.

But it may take a while for citizens to start feeling its effects.

Roc Xunpeng (Shi), a specialist in Chinese environmental and energy policy at the University of Technology Sydney's Australia-China Relations Institute, told the ABC Mr Xi's announcement "in the short run" would begin to be felt at the consumer level.

Heidi Klum shows off her svelte pins in a plunging polka dot

  Heidi Klum shows off her svelte pins in a plunging polka dot The TV star and model, 47, wowed in a plunging monochrome polka dot dress, which highlighted her endless toned pins as she posed for snaps. © Provided by Daily Mail Wow! Heidi Klum was already back to business on Thursday evening, as she did some late night filming for another project just a day after the finale aired The television host's thigh-skimming gown featured puff ball sleeves and ruched detailing across the middle of the garment.Heidi teamed the stylish number with a pair of strappy stilettos, which were tied around her ankle and boosted her already statuesque frame.

"People will feel it more on the demand side, like in electric appliances," Dr Roc said.

"China's minimum energy-efficient standards are the highest in the world, and in that case, the costs [for electrical products] will increase."

Paired with a Government program to create more energy-efficient households, Dr Roc said these costs would not be too prohibitively expensive for middle-to-high income families.

But for Sam Geall, executive director at China Dialogue — a non-profit organisation looking into China's environmental challenges — the rise of renewables has greatly improved the quality of life for China's poor.

"There has actually been a kind of a largely undiscussed — including by China in its official propaganda — low-carbon transition that's happened at the grassroots level, particularly in rural areas," Dr Geall said.

He said China's rural areas had adopted solar water heaters in large numbers, which had been "transformational for a lot of poor people".

"That's often happened at the individual village level, because it's cheap and effective and doesn't need grid integration," Dr Geall said.

"Similarly, the take up of electric bikes has been a kind of a boon for the battery industry, [as] it has brought down the cost of batteries through scale of production, and when integrated with a renewable energy-dominant grid, it is part of a low-carbon transition."

The road to 2060? Opaque

In the interim, there is scant detail on how Beijing can begin to start on its carbon-neutral pledge, and for observers like Dr Geall, Mr Xi started with a pretty low bar.

"Xi said China would come in early on peak [emissions] by 2030. But that's enormously unambitious — they'd already offered to peak by 2030," Dr Geall said.

He said the pledge and the specific method China will use to achieve it "isn't that significant", and instead thinks people should watch for Beijing's new National Determined Contribution (NDC) — a term that describes the size of a country's emissions reduction commitments under the terms of the Paris Climate Agreement.

The Paris Agreement commits all countries to drastically reduce their emissions to keep the globe from warming by 1.5-2 degrees Celsius by 2100.

In China's case, Dr Geall said its forthcoming five-year plan would set out the detail for its emissions reduction commitments.

"That will have an overall emissions cap for the five years, an overall coal capacity cap, and it will lay out the carbon intensity targets, the energy intensity targets," he said.

"That's much more substantive in terms of telling you really what China is planning."

Amanda Holden shows off toned pins in a metallic navy thigh-slit gown .
Amanda Holden and her co-judge Alesha Dixon looked as sensational as ever, as they both wowed in showstopping gowns during the fourth semi final show. The Heart Breakfast presenter, 49, showcased her toned pins in a metallic navy gown, which featured a perilously high thigh slit up the leg of the gown. © Provided by Daily Mail Glam: Amanda Holden looked as sensational as ever, as they both wowed in showstopping gowns during the fourth semi final show Amanda's gown featured a sweetheart neckline and was cinched around her svelte waist, teamed with a pair of sparkling silver barely-there heels.

usr: 1
This is interesting!