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Australia When will you get the COVID-19 vaccine?

21:51  04 february  2021
21:51  04 february  2021 Source:   abc.net.au

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Learn more about COVID - 19 vaccines and help ensure others in your community are vaccinated . Here is what you can do: Make a plan for yourself or your family members to get vaccinated . Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website.

By late February — just a few weeks from now — the first people to receive a COVID-19 vaccine in Australia are expected to get their first jab.

It's a huge logistical challenge to vaccinate to everybody in Australia who wants to be, so the Government is grouping people based on things such as their job and how vulnerable they are to the disease.

The group you're in determines when you'll be able to get the vaccine.

#covid19vaccinequeue

Ok so that's where you sit, but you probably have a few more questions.

#vaccine1

How did we come up with these estimates?

All the calculations here are based on published government strategy documents and targets explicitly stated by Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Health Minister Greg Hunt or their spokespeople.

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With two Covid - 19 vaccines approved for emergency use and politicians, health care workers and residents of long-term care facilities rolling up their sleeves, it's a natural question: What about me and my loved ones?

COVID - 19 vaccines are now available in a variety of locations, including at pharmacies, hospitals, clinics, and mass vaccination sites in venues including professional sports arenas. However, you will likely need to arrange an appointment before you arrive. Nothing for the vaccine itself. The federal Operation Warp Speed program funded vaccine development with the intent that they be offered free to all Americans, regardless of insurance status. The caveat: The facility where you get the vaccine may choose to charge something like an administrative fee.

Like all estimates, we should be cautious with them.

To date, only one vaccine — the most difficult to deliver and for which we have a smaller supply contract — has been approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA). While the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine — the one that can be produced in Australia — is expected to be approved soon, it hasn't happened yet.

In addition to potential hurdles in approval and supply, there has been mixed success delivering vaccinations in parts of the world where it's already started.

The US, for example, despite now managing to deliver a huge 1.3 million doses per day, has had significant challenges around communicating with priority groups, service providers and things as simple as booking appointments.

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When will I get my second dose? Everyone should be offered a second vaccine dose within 12 weeks of the first jab to be fully vaccinated against Covid - 19 . First doses offered daily have now been overtaken by second jabs. Will children be vaccinated ? Covid vaccines are being trialled for children by most companies. Pfizer has released early data which suggests children aged 12-15 are well protected, with no unusual side effects. AstraZeneca has halted its trial involving 300 participants aged six to 17 while the UK's medicines regulator investigates a possible link with rare blood clots in

When the vaccines are widely available, how will I get the shot? Federal officials say they want to make getting a Covid - 19 vaccine as easy as going to a pharmacy to get a flu shot. The government has formed partnerships with about 60% of U.S. pharmacies to administer Covid - 19 vaccines to the broader population after high-priority groups are vaccinated . Manufacturers would ship doses to distributors to get them to hospitals, pharmacies, nursing homes and other administration sites, as determined by state and federal plans.

Some countries where vaccinations have already started are achieving remarkably fast rollouts. Israel, the country with the fastest on a per-capita basis, has been delivering more than 100,000 doses per day and the UK has topped 400,000 doses per day.

To achieve the Government's stated goal of offering everybody in Australia a vaccination by the end of October, the rollout would need to ramp up quickly to a rate exceeding what most other countries have managed, on a per capita basis.

The exact rate required will depend on things like how quickly the rollout gets going and the percentage of people who ultimately opt to be vaccinated, but could easily be upward of 200,000 doses per day. The longer the ramp-up takes, the higher the peak delivery rate would need to be.

A group of researchers from University of New South Wales has said that while achieving the government's goals is possible, it's not a certainty and "dedicated large-scale vaccination sites" may be required to get there, something the government hasn't yet outlined as part of the plan.

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With news that the COVID - 19 vaccine has been offered to to government's top 4 priority groups in the UK, the prospect of vaccination available to all is becoming more real. Here we explore which groups have been offered vaccination , why they were prioritised and who comes next. For the full protection offered by the vaccine you will still definitely need the second 'booster' dose no more than 12 weeks after your first dose. Your healthcare provider will inform you when your second dose will be administered. I've been vaccinated , can I go out? Like most vaccines , it is likely that those who have

you get a Carer's Allowance, get support following an assessment by your local authority or your GP record shows you 're a carer. If you 're an eligible unpaid carer but you cannot book an appointment, speak to your GP surgery. Find out more about who can get the COVID - 19 vaccine . You can use this service for someone else. If you 've had a positive COVID - 19 test, you should wait 4 weeks from the date you had the test before you book an appointment. If you were under 30 years old on 30 March 2021, you will not be offered appointments for the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine .

#vaccine2

Why am I so far down the queue?

If you find yourself further down the vaccine queue than you'd hoped, remember that's maybe for good reason. The Government's strategy is designed to prioritise the most at-risk people.

"We are ensuring we first protect those who need it most. These are the people who are most at risk of exposure and severe disease," said a Queensland Health spokesperson.

#vaccine3

Which vaccine will I get?

This is a common question posed by ABC News readers. A spokesperson for the federal health department told us that "specific vaccines will be administered based on availability and subject to any determination made by the Therapeutic Goods Administration."

Although it still hasn't received final approval from the TGA, Chief Medical Officer Paul Kelly has previously said most Australians will get the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine.

Those people in the highest priority groups are more likely to receive the Pfizer vaccine, which has already been approved by the TGA.

#vaccine4

Who is in each of the groups?

The Government has divided Australian residents in to five major priority groups, each with up to six sub-groups.

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Sub-groupNumber of people
Quarantine and border workers70,000
Front-line health care workers in priority sub-groups100,000
Aged and disability care workers318,000
Aged and disability care residents190,000
Sub-groupNumber of people
Adults aged 80 years and older1,045,000
Adults aged 70-79 years1,858,000
Other health care workers953,000
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 55 years and older87,000
Adults 18 years and older with underlying health conditions, including those with a disability2,000,000
Critical and high risk workers including defence, emergency services and meat processing196,000
Sub-groupNumber of people
Adults aged 60-69 years2,650,000
Adults aged 50-59 years3,080,000
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 18 - 54 years387,000
Other critical and high risk workers453,000
Sub-groupNumber of people
All other adults6,643,000

Plus catching up on unvaccinated Australians from higher priority groups above.

Sub-groupNumber of people
People under 18 years if recommended5,670,000

You might have some questions around specifically how the priority groups outlined above are defined and the people in each group identified. We did too, so we asked the health departments in each state and territory as well as the federal department.

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Unfortunately, their responses didn't make it much clearer.

Some of the states and territories indicated that they're working with the Commonwealth to nut out the details, and all of them referred us to the Federal Government for further clarification.

A spokesperson for the federal department said: "Access to vaccines will be provided to those identified by [the Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation] as priority for vaccination, wherever these priority groups may be located."

#vaccine5

How will I know when it's my turn?

The Federal Government says it is running a public information campaign across television, radio and digital platforms to tell Australians when, how and where to get the vaccine.

It says Australians will be able to check online if they are part of the current priority group at that time. There will also be a COVID-19 Vaccination Helpline for advice.

#vaccine6

Will family members of high priority people get the vaccine at the same time?

In short, no. The Federal Government says family members of high priority groups will get the vaccine according to the group they are personally in.

But, if a person with a disability is unable to be vaccinated (if, for example, they refuse the vaccination or have risk factors which mean getting the vaccine would not be recommended), their families and carers will be considered a priority.

Notes

  • The Government has stated a target of 80,000 doses per week to start, ramping up to 4 million doses by the end of March, and everyone who wants a vaccine to have been offered one by the end of October 2021.
  • For the purpose of calculating when you might be offered the vaccine, we've taken 'late February' to mean 22 February. For simplicity, we have assumed a flat rate of vaccine delivery whereas in reality, the targets above suggest the government expects a ramp up period of about six weeks as capacity builds and supplies become available.
  • We have assumed a consistent vaccine acceptance rate of 70 per cent. This is based on statements by Government figures that they expect vaccine acceptance to be high as well as interviews with vaccination experts who shared that expectation and cited surveys showing around 80 per cent of adults intend to get the vaccine when it's offered. This is broadly in line with recent surveys, including one commissioned by the ABC. However, experts also cautioned that it's unlikely all people who say they intend to be vaccinated ultimately will be.
  • The date estimates have been made using the ranked priority and size of sub-groups in each phase of the rollout, so different people in the same major group may see different date estimates depending on their rank within the group.

Israel outpaced the world in vaccinations. Now it’s seeing the results. .
There’s still a long way to go, but also a reason for hope.Data suggests that the pandemic is starting to slow in Israel. Infections and the number of seriously ill people are declining, particularly among those over 60, one of the groups targeted in the early rollout of the vaccination campaign.

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