Australia Online black market bone trade under scrutiny as researchers investigate

04:16  15 september  2021
04:16  15 september  2021 Source:   msn.com

hairline crack after sporting overload - Bone injury during runners

 hairline crack after sporting overload - Bone injury during runners © iStockphoto Small hairline cracks in the bone After running, in the X-ray image are visible. What is a hairline? A hairline crack is a (microscopic) small crack in the bone structure. This means that the bone is not completely interrupted. Several hairline cracks can still weaken the entire stability of the bone in question. Fissura Ossium, so-called hairline crack of the bone (the lightest form of bone breakage) is the medical name.

a man standing in front of a river: Neil Carter has come out of retirement to assist with the research into the international trade in human remains. (ABC News) © Provided by ABC Business Neil Carter has come out of retirement to assist with the research into the international trade in human remains. (ABC News)

Human remains are being bought and sold online despite efforts to shut down the illegal trade, according to Australian researchers tracking the movement of skulls and skeletons.

Warning: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander readers may find some aspects of this article distressing.

The research team has spent the past five years assembling a database of the thousands of sets of Aboriginal human remains still stored in museums and private collections across the world.

The World Trade Center Was Hated Even Before It Was Built

  The World Trade Center Was Hated Even Before It Was Built By the late 1950s Minoru Yamasaki had established himself as a major figure in American architecture. The son of Japanese immigrants in Seattle, Yamasaki overcame endemic racism in both his country and his profession to rise to prominence with a humanistic approach to modern architecture, exemplified in projects including the Lambert Airfield in St. Louis and the McGregor Memorial Conference Center in Detroit. In 1963, Yamasaki was featured on the cover of Time magazine after he won the commission to design the World Trade Center, but the job would come to mark a turning point in his career.

Now, they have secured $750,000 in funding from the Australian Research Council to take a deep-dive into the murky world of the commercial trade in human remains.

Gooniyandi and Gija man Neil Carter, who has come out of retirement to work on the project, said it was appalling to think that people were still profiting from the sale of bones and hair samples.

"It's unbelievable that this is still going on," he said.

"It's something that's been kept quiet, but it should be made public so people know what's been happening to our people since colonisation.

"I am glad we will be putting a spotlight on these thieves that took away our ancestral remains and got paid — for our dignity, and our healing, and for reconciliation."

A 'very disturbing'  trade

The trade in human remains is thought to have peaked in the late 1800s and early 1900s, when the bones of Indigenous people globally were sought after by scientists and cashed-up collectors.

Grim discovery in search for missing teenager as cops find a bone

  Grim discovery in search for missing teenager as cops find a bone A bone found at City Beach, Perth has been linked to Matiyas Bekuretsion, 16, who went missing in November after entering the water at Scarborough Beach with three friends. Police launched an extensive land and marine search but were unable to find him.A member of the public last month found what appeared to be a human bone at nearby City Beach.Detectives said forensic testing has now linked the bone to the teenage boy who is presumed to have drowned. 'A subsequent forensic examination confirmed this was a bone of the missing 16-year-old boy,' WA Police said in a statement.'This matter still remains with the coroner.

It was during this time that the body parts of thousands of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were removed from Australia and ended up in in institutions such as the British Museum, where some remain.

But there is evidence the trade has continued into the internet era despite a patchwork of laws designed to stamp out the selling of body parts.

The buying and selling of bones will be the focus of a three-year research project funded by the Australian Research Council.

Alyawarr man Dr Lyndon Ormond-Parker, from the Australian National University, said the commercial side of the trade was not well understood.

"We know that ancestral remains ended up overseas largely to quench the thirst of European institutions in terms of their anthropological and teaching collections," he said.

"So you come across very disturbing cases of the remains of Aboriginal people being sent overseas against the wishes of their families — some passed away of natural causes, but of course quite a few passed away due to frontier conflicts.

26ft-Long Dinosaur Bigger Than a T-Rex With Blade-Like Teeth Discovered

  26ft-Long Dinosaur Bigger Than a T-Rex With Blade-Like Teeth Discovered Comparing the Ulughbegasaurus to a T-Rex is like comparing a grizzly bear to a coyote, said a research who helped identify the huge reptile.The creature lived 80 to 90 million years ago, right alongside the T-Rex, University of Calgary researchers, associate professor of paleontology Darla Zelenitsky, and Dr. Kohei Tanaka found. The fact that it was between 24.5 feet and 26 feet in length and weighed around 2000 pounds means that it would have been the Apex predator of that era of Earth's prehistory.

"And because of this thirst for knowledge about the new colonies, this then became a trade."

Brisk trade in human remains

Early research by the team has shown body parts were regularly advertised for sale in Australia in the first half of the 20th century.

In 1905, the Queensland press described the sale of more than 1,000 Aboriginal artefacts, including six skulls, in admiring terms:

"[The] collection had been the fruit of 35 years' labour, and many specimens are now unprocurable. The opportunity for making such another collection has passed away for the reason that the Australian aborigines are dying out fast."

By 1935, an Adelaide auction house was advertising a collection of 90 human remains from Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Sri Lanka, Egypt and Melanesia for sale.

The sellers were hoping to fetch £300 for the skulls and mandibles.

A Canberra institution called the Australian Institution of Anatomy ended up buying 60 of the items. It is not known what happened to the remaining 30.

Internet fuels bone trade

Most disturbingly, the sales have continued into the digital age.

Biden Mandate Sparks Price-Gouging for Fake Vax Cards

  Biden Mandate Sparks Price-Gouging for Fake Vax Cards It just got more expensive to be an anti-vaxxer. In the days before President Joe Biden announced all private sector businesses with more than 100 employees would have to require their employees be fully vaccinated, fake vaccine cards cost approximately $100. The day after his announcement last week, fake vaccine card prices doubled to $200. The number of sellers peddling bogus cards also went up, spiking from 1,000 to more than 10,000 sellers, security researchers at Israeli security firm Check Point, which was founded by veterans of an elite cyber unit of Israel’s military intelligence directorate, tell The Daily Beast.

Dr Ormond-Parker said there was evidence of body parts continuing to be advertised on websites, such as eBay, despite companies doing their best to shut down the trade.

"Part of this project will be looking at the trade since the 1950s and in particular the last 10 years, because with the advent of the internet and eBay we sometimes see remains come up for sale," he said.

"I'm talking globally, but you may come across an individual from Australia that's going to be traded."

Skeletons stored in shipping container

The work will build on the five-year Return, Reconcile, Renew (RRR) project, which has created detailed databases of the Indigenous remains still to be repatriated.

It is estimated 2,000 sets of human remains continue to languish in collections in Australia, and a similar number is still overseas.

The RRR project has shed light on the hurdles faced by Aboriginal communities hoping to rebury ancestral remains, including uncooperative overseas institutions, the cost of transport and the lack of a national "keeping place" where unprovenanced Indigenous remains can be safely stored.

The database created for the Kimberley region reveals that 34 sets of human remains have been reburied in recent years, but another 141 are still to be returned.

And almost 70 partial skeletons sit in makeshift storage facilities within the Kimberley, including a converted shipping container.

The federal government has committed to building a National Keeping Place in Canberra, where repatriated remains of uncertain origin can be stored.

Hailee Steinfeld leads the stars at Thom Browne NYFW show .
Hailee Steinfeld, 24, looked chic in a gray blazer and pleated shorts at the Thom Browne show on Saturday for New York Fashion Week.And Hailee Steinfeld didn't let up on Saturday as she arrived at the Thom Browne show in a chic suit with shorts.

usr: 0
This is interesting!