•   
  •   

Australia Australia beats drums of war with nuclear submarine pivot

15:46  16 september  2021
15:46  16 september  2021 Source:   crikey.com.au

Australia to acquire nuclear submarines as part of new AUKUS defence pact

  Australia to acquire nuclear submarines as part of new AUKUS defence pact Australia, US and Britain have announced a far-reaching defence pact to counter China's growing influence in the Indo-Pacific, hailed as the most significant in decades.Australia is set to acquire its first fleet of highly prized nuclear-powered submarines as part of a historic new defence pact proposed by Scott Morrison to Joe Biden and Boris Johnson to counter China's growing influence in the Indo-Pacific.

In many ways, Australia ’s decision to pivot away from diesel-electric submarines to nuclear -powered ones makes sense, given the way we use them. UNSW Canberra International and Political Studies Professor Clinton Fernandes said nuclear submarines are an obvious choice for Australia because Australia has picked a side in what Australian National University Security studies professor Hugh White terms a “new Cold War in Asia”. And we’ve deepened our military and strategic relations with the US on the assumption that America will win. “When we look 10 or 20 years ahead, I don’t think we can

The Australian navy is getting some very costly new toys. Thanks to a brand new defence pact with the United States and United Kingdom, Australia ’s subsequent submarine fleet shall be nuclear -powered. The deal marks the beginning of AUKUS, a brand new partnership with two of our oldest allies. And other than the United Kingdom, we’re the one nation which may have entry to the United States’ nuclear submarine know-how. But whereas it is going to take 18 months to ship that know-how to Australia , this morning’s press convention, teased at with breathless pleasure final evening, is meant

The Australian navy is getting some very expensive new toys. Thanks to a new defence pact with the United States and United Kingdom, Australia’s next submarine fleet will be nuclear-powered.

a man wearing a military uniform © Provided by Crikey

The deal marks the start of AUKUS, a new partnership with two of our oldest allies. It also brings plenty of firsts for Australia: we will be the first country without a domestic nuclear program to have a nuclear-powered submarine fleet. And aside from the United Kingdom, we’re the only country which will have access to the United States’ nuclear submarine technology.

But while it will take 18 months to deliver that technology to Australia, this morning’s press conference, teased at with breathless excitement last night, is intended to send a more immediate message — that Australia is deepening its ties with historic allies in the face of a new adversary in China.

China angry after Australia signs a security alliance with US and UK

  China angry after Australia signs a security alliance with US and UK China's Washington DC embassy spokesman Liu Pengyu accused the nations of adopting a 'Cold War mentality' towards China.China's Washington DC embassy spokesman Liu Pengyu accused the nations of adopting a 'Cold War mentality' towards China in reference to the stand-off between the US and the Soviet Union in the twentieth century.

Australia lags decades behind in the submarine race. The recent rise of advanced underwater drones has highlighted Australia 's billion gamble on traditional submarines which won't be deployed for decades. Unlocked. Australia beats drums of war with nuclear submarine pivot .

The commitment came in a rare joint statement from the permanent UN Security Council members China, France, Russia, the UK on Monday ahead of a review of a key nuclear treaty later this year. It came after the review of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was postponed to later this year due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Tensions between both China and Russia and their Western partners have been rising in recent months, but they set aside the differences for the statement.

“Our world is becoming more complex, especially here in our region, the Indo-Pacific,” Prime Minister Scott Morrison said at a joint press conference, along with US President Joe Biden and UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

“This affects us all. The future of the Indo-Pacific will impact all our futures.”

Biden said the partnership was designed to “better meet the threats of today and tomorrow”. But just how those “threats” respond to Australia’s strategic shift will give the foreign policy establishment plenty to think about over the coming years.

The decision

In many ways, Australia’s decision to pivot away from diesel-electric submarines to nuclear-powered ones makes sense, given the way we use them. UNSW Canberra International and Political Studies Professor Clinton Fernandes said nuclear submarines are an obvious choice for Australia because of their greater endurance and speed, and the way we tend to use submarines — far from home alongside the US.

Why Australia is teaming up with the US and UK to build nuclear-powered submarines

  Why Australia is teaming up with the US and UK to build nuclear-powered submarines Australia has announced a plan to make the Navy's next submarine fleet nuclear-powered. So what's so special about these subs — and why are we doing this?It means a $90 billion program to build 12 French-designed diesel-powered submarines will now be scrapped, prompting many to ask – why are we doing this? 

Australia beats drums of war with nuclear submarine pivot . Having already wasted billion, the government has gone back to square one on a local build of nuclear submarines , likely wasting tens of billions more of taxpayer money.

Senior reporter Georgia Wilkins, legal correspondent Michael Bradley, and politics editor Bernard Keane all had plenty to say on what Porter’s actions have done to transparency and integrity in this country. Of course the Coalition did its best to submerge the Porter news with a new nuclear submarine defence pact with Britain and the US, saying au revoir to the billion it had already sunk into a deal with the French. The true cost of the deal must include the huge sums paid to advisory groups deployed to plug holes in the leaky project. Australia beats drums of war with nuclear submarine pivot .

“We impose demands on our submarines the way no navy does,” he said.

“But Australia has no domestic nuclear power industry — an essential component of a country in possession of nuclear submarines.”

The high cost, as well as taboos about nuclear power, meant Australia stuck with diesel-electric submarines. Cost is an important issue at play with the new submarine plan. It means a deal worth $90 billion with French manufacturer Naval Group — hindered by interminable delays and ballooning costs — will be torn up. That could cost taxpayers $400 million (at least).

And given the costs involved in developing nuclear submarines — around twice as much as diesel-electric ones — there needs to be far greater clarity about what they’re going to be used for, says Richard Tanter, a senior research associate at the Nautilus Institute and honorary professor in political science at the University of Melbourne.

Here's why the news about Australia getting nuclear submarines with the help of the US and UK is a big deal

  Here's why the news about Australia getting nuclear submarines with the help of the US and UK is a big deal Are you wondering why there's so much fuss about Australia's decision to acquire nuclear submarines? Here's what you need to know.After all, it's not every day the UK Prime Minister and US President join Prime Minister Scott Morrison for a live defence announcement (even if the latter appeared to forget Mr Morrison's name, referring to him as "that fellow Down Under").

“We affirm that a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought,” read the statement released on Monday. “As nuclear use would have far-reaching consequences, we also affirm that nuclear weapons – for as long as they continue to exist – should serve defensive purposes, deter aggression The five signatories said they will continue to abide by their “bilateral and multilateral non-proliferation, disarmament, and arms control agreements and commitments,” and claimed that none of their nukes are targeted at each other or any other state. The five nuclear nations, known as the P5, are not the

A Virginia-class nuclear submarine (Image: AP/US Navy). After embarrassing himself in his first response to Emmanuel Macron yesterday, Scott Morrison tried again last night, his staff having put their heads together to devise a better response to the French president's statements of fact about being lied to. "I want to address a number of the issues that came up when we gathered together yesterday for the press conference," he told journalists. It's not often a prime minister holds a media conference to respond to himself. Or, in this case, to clean up the mess he himself created when he spoke to

“The argument over what Australian should be doing with the submarines really has to be addressed,” Tanter said.

“It strengthens the likelihood that we’ll be spending a huge amount of money on something that doesn’t meet our defence needs.”


Video: Australia to acquire nuclear-powered submarines in historic security pact with US and UK (Today)

The China question

The submarine deal itself is just the pointy end of a broader trilateral security agreement with the US and the UK that strengthens Australia’s existing alliances and creates a greater bulwark against China in the Indo-Pacific.

While this alignment of Australian foreign policy with the United States is hardly new, and the Morrison government’s at-times antagonistic approach toward China well-documented, how Beijing responds to this move will be crucial.

James Laurenceson, director of the Australia-China Relations Institute at the University of Technology Sydney said it was unlikely to draw an immediate comeback, because Chinese foreign policy tends to work on a “tit-for-tat” basis.

The nuclear option: will submarines be a Trojan Horse for reactors?

  The nuclear option: will submarines be a Trojan Horse for reactors? The PM has said the deal doesn't mean nuclear reactors for Australia, but many Coalition MPs want the moratorium on nuclear power to end.Within hours, the Minerals Council of Australia’s CEO Tania Constable called the move “an incredible opportunity for Australia’s economy”.

“I don’t think it’ll invite a specific response from China,” he said. “They’ll see it as a consolidation of Australia’s building alliances against China.”

But what’s more concerning is the deeper narrative here. Australia has picked a side in what Australian National University Security studies professor Hugh White terms a “new Cold War in Asia”. And we’ve deepened our military and strategic relations with the US on the assumption that America will win.

“When we look 10 or 20 years ahead, I don’t think we can assume that the United States is going to succeed in pushing back effectively against China… In the long run, Australia does have to ask whether or not we can continue to rely on the US,” White told the ABC this morning.

Tanter warns the deal could further Australia’s technological dependence on the United States, locking us into military spending decisions that aren’t always in our own security interests.

And former prime minister Paul Keating was particularly scathing this morning, saying the deal would “witness a further dramatic loss of Australian sovereignty” and rob Australia of any freedom in its engagement with the US, at a time when American strategic reliability is in question.

The politics

Morrison went to great lengths this morning to explain that the submarine deal wasn’t the prelude to building a domestic nuclear industry.

What impact does the nuclear option have on Australian submarine contractors and jobs?

  What impact does the nuclear option have on Australian submarine contractors and jobs? There are two overwhelming reactions from the local defence industry to this week's announcement that Australia will tear up its contract with Naval Group and build either US or UK designed nuclear submarines instead. One is relief, the other fear. Nigel Hennessy from defence consultancy Project Alpha Plus — which had worked for Naval Group — explained that, from a strategic perspective, a nuclear submarine made more sense for Australia.

“Let me be clear: Australia is not seeking to establish nuclear weapons or establish a civil nuclear capability. And we will continue to meet all of our nuclear non-proliferation obligations,” he said.

Not everyone is convinced. Tanter points to Deputy Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce’s vocal support of nuclear power as a reason to be sceptical.

“The nuclear aspect of the submarine deal is a huge change for Australia, because this requires a really deep nuclear industrial capacity,” he said.

“It will bolster the case for a nuclear power industry in Australia.”

Fernandes believes there’s some cynical politics behind the government’s announcement, an attempt to respond to poor polling and dwindling voter confidence with beating the national security drum.

“It’s part of the government’s re-election strategy to wedge Labor on the nuclear issue, while ramping up the national security and China threat,” he said.

“Morrison and Dutton will have clearly thought this through in the pre-election context.”

The post Australia beats drums of war with nuclear submarine pivot appeared first on Crikey.

Chinese academic warns Australia is now target for NUCLEAR WAR .
China's tantrum over Australia's nuclear submarine deal has continued with a Beijing bureaucrat threatening Australia is now a target for nuclear war.Victor Gao, who was once communist leader Deng Xiaoping's translator, made a thinly-veiled threat that the AUKUS pact announced last week was a 'gross violation of international law' that will have 'profound consequences' for 'brainless' Aussies.

usr: 1
This is interesting!