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Australia How world reacted to Australia's nuclear submarine decision

11:15  20 september  2021
11:15  20 september  2021 Source:   9news.com.au

Australia to acquire nuclear submarines as part of new AUKUS defence pact

  Australia to acquire nuclear submarines as part of new AUKUS defence pact Australia, US and Britain have announced a far-reaching defence pact to counter China's growing influence in the Indo-Pacific, hailed as the most significant in decades.Australia is set to acquire its first fleet of highly prized nuclear-powered submarines as part of a historic new defence pact proposed by Scott Morrison to Joe Biden and Boris Johnson to counter China's growing influence in the Indo-Pacific.

Explainer: Australia ' s nuclear -powered submarine deal is fueling anger in the country. Here's why. Nuclear power is the world 's second-largest contributor of low-carbon electricity after hydropower What are nuclear -powered submarines and how do they work? Australia ' s firepower ambitions

Australia says it may lease nuclear vessels from its Aukus partners for training purposes ahead of the delivery of its own submarines in the 2040s. Because their ongoing engagement in this region is important, alongside these decisions that we’ve made.” But it is not just the French who have been made uneasy by the Aukus arrangement, which is still to be worked out in detail. Australia ’ s allies in the Indo-Pacific have also raised concerns over what the deal will mean for tensions in the region.

The diplomatic ripples from Australia's decision to acquire nuclear powered submarines have been felt across the world.

The new AUKUS alliance between Australia, the US and the UK announced last week is expected to deliver an Australian fleet of at least eight nuclear-powered submarines.

The defence agreement marks a major pivot by the three powers towards the Indo Pacific region and the rising power of China.

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Joe Biden in a suit standing in front of a store: US President Joe Biden, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the AUKUS deal in a virtual conference last week. © AP US President Joe Biden, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the AUKUS deal in a virtual conference last week.

But it has received a mixed welcome across the world - with France angry after the Australian Government cancelled the $90 billion contract for majority state-owned French company Naval Group to build 12 conventional diesel-electric submarines.

Australia to acquire nuclear submarine fleet as part of historic deal with US and UK to counter China's influence

  Australia to acquire nuclear submarine fleet as part of historic deal with US and UK to counter China's influence In a bid to counter China's growing regional influence, Australia joins a historic partnership with the US and UK to acquire nuclear submarines.In a deal announced by US President Joe Biden, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Prime Minister Scott Morrison, the US will share secret nuclear technology to help Australia in the switch to nuclear-powered boats.

Australia struggles to keep its current six diesel-powered submarines operational; it now wants to build eight nuclear -powered submarines , despite having neither the trained manpower nor the nuclear infrastructure necessary. Australia is an island nation whose very survival is dependent upon its ability to access strategic sea lines of communication (SLOCs) so that critical commerce links can operate on a sustained basis. In short, if any nation or group of nations were to cut off Australia ’ s sea links to the rest of the world , the country would eventually wither away and die.

Australia ’ s decision to build nuclear submarines will isolate Australia from its regional neighbours who have, for decades, pursued a nuclear -free Pacific, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (Ican) has said. While the Australian government and defence force have insisted the “As the world is moving towards making these weapons illegal, this is the wrong direction at the wrong time,” Gem Romuld, Australia Director of Ican, told Guardian Australia . Pacific anti- nuclear campaigners have reacted with disapproval, while the New Zealand government says Australia ’ s

Below is a summary of global reaction to AUKUS.


France: 'Stab in the back'

France feels not just disappointed but betrayed and deceived, with officials unleashing tirades against Australia and the US.

French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian on Saturday denounced what he called the "duplicity, disdain and lies" surrounding the sudden end of the contract and said France was now questioning the strength of the alliance.

Speaking on France Info, the French state broadcaster, Mr Le Drian used the phrase "stab in the back". Newspaper Le Parisien said last week "in 48 hours, the 'contract of the century' has become the commercial snub of the century", while French business weekly Challenges, said the scrapping of the submarine deal was "a knife blow to the heart, that no one in France saw coming".

Why nuclear submarines offer key edge for Australian navy

  Why nuclear submarines offer key edge for Australian navy A nuclear submarine fleet will offer Australia key military advantages as it faces a shifting security environment in the Indo-Pacific region, a security expert says. Malcolm Davis, senior analyst at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, told nine.com.au today's announcement by Prime Minister Scott Morrison that Australia will join a new defence pact with the UK and US was "very good news".The security agreement - proposed as the AUKUS alliance - will also see Australia acquire its first fleet of nuclear-powered submarines. The new vessels, however, will not carry nuclear weapons.

Malaysia has joined criticism of Australia ' s plan to build nuclear -powered submarines , warning it could spark a renewed arms race in the region, while the diplomatic crisis with France sparked by the decision continues to escalate. Key points: Malaysia and Indonesia have criticised Australia ' s decision , while Singapore and This service may include material from Agence France-Presse (AFP), APTN, Reuters, AAP, CNN and the BBC World Service which is copyright and cannot be reproduced. AEST = Australian Eastern Standard Time which is 10 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time).

media captionWatch: Australia ’ s ‘risky bet’ to side with US over China. China has criticised a historic security pact between the US, UK and Australia , describing it as "extremely irresponsible" and "narrow-minded". The deal will see the US and UK give Australia the technology to build nuclear -powered submarines for the first time. The new partnership, under the name Aukus, was announced in a joint virtual press conference between US President Joe Biden, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his Australian counterpart Scott Morrison on Wednesday evening and Thursday morning.

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Much of the French anger came from the city of Cherbourg in northern France - where the Naval Group manufacturing site is based. It stands to lose hundreds of jobs.

In Brussels, EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell echoed the French minister's complaints. "I suppose that an agreement of this nature was not cooked up the day before yesterday. It takes a certain amount of time, and despite that, no, we were not consulted," he said. "That obliges us, once again … to reflect on the need to put European strategic autonomy high on the agenda."


US: 'This is how global diplomacy works'

US officials have brushed aside the French complaints about AUKUS.

"There are a range of partnerships that include the French and some partnerships that don't, and they have partnerships with other countries that don't include us," White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.

Disappointment after WA fails to snag submarine defence maintenance contract

  Disappointment after WA fails to snag submarine defence maintenance contract WA had been pushing to share a lucrative defence submarine maintenance contract with Adelaide, but the Prime Minister confirms that will not happen.The WA Government had been pushing to share maintenance and upgrade responsibilities for Collins class submarines with South Australia.

With Australia making a deal with the United States and the United Kingdom to begin a nuclear -powered submarine program, we can expect the Aussie subs will look a lot like the latest versions in the US and British arsenals. New debate over Afghan women' s attire sparks trend on Twitter. British royal family hit by two scandals in one week. 'It' s extremely disturbing': CNN reporter reacts to latest deadly rape in India. State media: North Korea tests long-range cruise missiles. Saudi government reacts to released 9/11 documents.

The known unknowns on Australia ’ s nuclear submarine deal. Australians woke up on Thursday morning to Aukus – a new Australia /United Kingdom/United States alliance formed to tackle the rising threat of China. (Aukus studiously avoided the ‘C’ word, but we all know that’s what they were thinking). News of the three-way alliance born at the June G7 trilateral came with the shock announcement that Australia would scrap its existing bn submarine project in favour of nuclear -powered boats.

Speaking alongside Foreign Minister Marise Payne in Washington, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said there "is no regional divide" with Europe over Indo-Pacific strategy.

"We welcome European countries playing an important role in the Indo-Pacific," he said, calling France a "vital partner."

But how closely they will work together remains to be seen.

Just three months ago, on his first visit to Europe as president, Mr Biden was hailed as a hero by European counterparts eager to move beyond the trans-Atlantic tensions of the Trump years.


UK hails 'strong security ties'

In contrast to France, British politicians have welcomed AUKUS and the move by Australia to acquire nuclear submarines with UK expertise.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the new alliance would allow the three nations to sharpen their focus on an increasingly complicated part of the world.

READ MORE: Morrison talks up regional security as he leaves for US talks

a close up of Elizabeth Truss wearing a blue shirt: British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss says the AUKUS deal was about taking hard headed decisions. © Nine British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss says the AUKUS deal was about taking hard headed decisions.

Newly-appointed Foreign Secretary Liz Truss said it showed the UK's readiness to be "hard-headed" in defending its interests.

Australia beats drums of war with nuclear submarine pivot

  Australia beats drums of war with nuclear submarine pivot This deal is clearly designed to send a message to China, and it's a sign of where Australia's national security policies lie for the foreseeable future.The deal marks the start of AUKUS, a new partnership with two of our oldest allies. It also brings plenty of firsts for Australia: we will be the first country without a domestic nuclear program to have a nuclear-powered submarine fleet. And aside from the United Kingdom, we’re the only country which will have access to the United States’ nuclear submarine technology.

Ms Truss, writing in the UK Sunday Telegraph, said the partnership showed the UK's commitment to stability in the Indo-Pacific region.

She wrote: "Freedoms need to be defended, so we are also building strong security ties around the world."


China: 'Cold war mentality'

While the Chinese government's reaction to the AUKUS deal was strongly disapproving, it was nothing compared to a blisteringly aggressive editorial published by state-run tabloid the Global Times last week.

The nationalistic tabloid warned if war broke out in Taiwan or the South China Sea "military targets in Australia will inevitably become a target hit by Chinese missiles."

"Australians troops are also most likely to be the first batch of Western soldiers to waste their lives in the South China Sea," the paper said.

a close up of a flag: China has vented its fury at Australia's nuclear submarine deal © 9News China has vented its fury at Australia's nuclear submarine deal

China's Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said the move "gravely undermines regional peace and stability," and "aggravates" the arms race.

Mr Zhao warned the nation would "only end up hurting their own interests" if they didn't abandon the "cold war mentality".


Asia Pacific: Mixed reactions

Malaysia has warned the AUKUS deal could spark a renewed arms race in the region, Reuters reports.

Nuclear-powered submarines have 'long history of accidents', Adelaide environmentalist warns

  Nuclear-powered submarines have 'long history of accidents', Adelaide environmentalist warns Environmentalists are concerned by the public safety implications of Australia developing nuclear-powered submarines — but the retired naval officer who chaired SA's nuclear royal commission says the risks can be managed.Yesterday, Prime Minister Scott Morrison unveiled a deal to construct the new fleet of at least eight submarines, declaring a new era of strategic alignment with the United States and United Kingdom, and a new trilateral security partnership called AUKUS.

Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob said he he had raised concerns about the project with Prime Minister Scott Morrison, and warned that the nuclear submarine project might heighten military tensions in Asia.

But other Asia Pacific nations have responded more warmly.

Japan's Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi praised the AUKUS deal.

Jacinda Ardern looking at the camera: New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said her government did not expect an invitation to join the AUKUS defence pact.. © Getty New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said her government did not expect an invitation to join the AUKUS defence pact..

And the Philippines defence ministry issued a statement saying Australia had every right to boost its defences.

Australia's ANZUS partner New Zealand, with its a longstanding nuclear-free policy that includes a ban on nuclear-powered ships entering its ports, is not part of the deal.

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said New Zealand wasn't asked to be part of the alliance and wouldn't have expected an invitation.

- With AP, CNN

Chinese academic warns Australia is now target for NUCLEAR WAR .
China's tantrum over Australia's nuclear submarine deal has continued with a Beijing bureaucrat threatening Australia is now a target for nuclear war.Victor Gao, who was once communist leader Deng Xiaoping's translator, made a thinly-veiled threat that the AUKUS pact announced last week was a 'gross violation of international law' that will have 'profound consequences' for 'brainless' Aussies.

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