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Australia Homelessness is increasing in Australia as housing costs rise

06:50  14 march  2018
06:50  14 march  2018 Source:   businessinsider.com.au

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“ Rising housing costs are leaving a growing number of Australians on the edges of home ownership and at risk of becoming life-long renters. The rate of homelessness has increased to 49.8 people per 10,000, up from 47.6 in 2011. Age Homelessness in Australia is most common among younger

Despite steady economic growth in Australia , homelessness increased by 14% between the 2011 and 2016 censuses, with 116,427 Guy Johnson, a professor of urban housing and homelessness at RMIT University, said rising housing costs combined with a decline in public and community

a group of people walking down the street© Provided by Business Insider Inc Numbers from the 2016 census released today show homelessness increasing in Australia despite strong economic growth, with young people, migrants and the elderly most vulnerable.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics says the total number of homeless Australians increased by 14% to 116,427 between the last census in 2011 and the latest in 2016.

Being homeless does not necessarily mean you're sleeping on the street. Overcrowded housing also falls under the definition.

Nearly half (44%) were in severely crowded dwellings, with about 1 in 5 in supported accommodation, 15% staying in boarding houses, 15% staying with other households and about 7% in improvised dwellings or sleeping rough.

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Homelessness in Australia is a significant social issue. A majority of people experiencing homelessness long-term in Australia are found in the large cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth.

The rise in new housing in Australia is outpacing population growth. Increasing housing stock only works to make housing more affordable if certain filtering processes occur. But, in Australia , homelessness is on the rise . Transaction costs are a drag on resident movements and suppress housing stock turnover.

“In a country as prosperous as Australia, this is a disturbing and worrying trend,” says RMIT University’s Guy Johnson, Australia’s first Professor of Urban Housing Homelessness. He is also a member of the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ homelessness reference group.

“Rising housing costs are leaving a growing number of Australians on the edges of home ownership and at risk of becoming life-long renters.

“This places a large portion of the population in unstable housing, leaving them vulnerable to health and financial shocks.”

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As the gap between increasing housing costs and stagnant incomes widens, the end But by the mid-1980s, a shrinking supply of low- cost housing resulted, and the combination of rising rents and Homeless Assistance Programs. There are two homelessness -focused housing models that have

Homelessness has shot up in California and elsewhere on the West Coast over the past two years, a federal report said Wednesday, as rising rents and other housing pressures forced more people from the margins onto the street. California’s homeless population went up 14 percent, to 134,278 — the

Professor Johnson's analysis of the census numbers:

The chances of becoming homeless are higher
The increase in the size of the homeless population is not just because of population growth. The rate of homelessness has increased to 49.8 people per 10,000, up from 47.6 in 2011.

Age
Homelessness in Australia is most common among younger people. Overall, 46% of Australians are aged 34 or younger, whereas 59% of the homeless are under 35.

The good news
The number of homeless children aged under 12 fell by 11% from 2011. The number of homeless youth, or those aged between 12 and 18, dropped 7%.

The bad
The number of homeless aged between 65 to 74 increased by 38% to 5651 from 4097. Of those over 65, one third are women, the same proportion reported in the 2011 and 2006 census.

The states
In NSW there was a 37% increase in the number of homeless. Victoria, Queensland and Tasmanis all reported modest increases in the number of homeless and also the rate per 10,000. NT, WA and ACT all had reductions in the number of homeless.

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The number of employed Australians seeking help for homelessness has jumped by almost 30% in three years The council has blamed the rise on a combination of sluggish wage growth and extreme housing costs . I just felt like the worst parent on the planet,” Mim told Guardian Australia . “I felt like a huge failure, actually. Public sector wages grew the most, increasing by 2.4% through the year.

switch to the Australia edition. Housing Network. Homelessness is a European problem. All governments must act to end it. The highest rise was in Bulgaria, where housing costs have increased by 54%, followed by the UK, where housing costs have risen by 45%.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders
They are massively over-represented among the homeless -- 2.8% of Australians are Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander but they make up 20% of the homeless.

However, the number and proportion of homeless Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander continues to decline. In 2016, Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders accounted 20% of the homeless, down from 29% in 2006 and 26% in 2011.

Rough sleepers
Rough sleeping is on the rise again. The number had been declining in every census since 2001 but in the 2016 census rough sleepers increased by 20%. Two thirds are men and one quarter are indigenous.

Migrants

Migrants are faring badly. 28.2% of Australians were born overseas, but they make up 46% of the homeless. The number of homeless Australians born overseas has jumped by 40% since the last census

In response to today's ABS figures, NSW minister for social housing Pru Goward said overcrowding was the main contributor to the homelessness figures and the government will investigate to see how it can be addressed.

"More than half of the people in NSW living in severely overcrowded dwellings in 2016 were born in Asia, and one in five people in severely overcrowded dwellings in NSW was a tertiary student," she said.

Goward noted that a recent summer street count identified 329 people sleeping rough in the inner city - 104 less than 12 months earlier.

The RBA is uncertain and in no rush to move interest rates .
The minutes of the RBA's March policy meeting offered very little new information for markets.The bank remains optimistic on the outlook for the global economy, along with non-mining business investment and labour market conditions in Australia. However, as has been the case for several months, it remained "uncertain" about the outlook for household consumption, the largest and most important part of the Australian economy.

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