Money: How will our airport cope with double the passengers in 20 years? - PressFrom - Australia
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MoneyHow will our airport cope with double the passengers in 20 years?

06:55  24 may  2019
06:55  24 may  2019 Source:   smh.com.au

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What will define the next 20 years in aviation? Which technologies, challenges, regions and innovations will shape the future of our industry? The number of passengers over the next 20 years is predicted to double and as such airports and airlines must prepare for this growth while attending to more

Geneva - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) expects 7.8 billion passengers to travel in The world needs to prepare for a doubling of passengers in the next 20 years . It’s fantastic news for Our immediate aims are to work with governments to increase the production of sustainable

How will our airport cope with double the passengers in 20 years?© Melbourne Airport An overview of the new-look airport with its streamlined drop-off ramp.

If you've ever found it painful getting through Melbourne Airport, imagine if you were travelling alongside almost twice as many passengers as today.

That will be the reality in the not-too-distant future with Melbourne tipped to overtake Sydney as Australia's largest city and its population rises from 5 million to more than 7 million over the next 20 years.

How will our airport cope with double the passengers in 20 years?© Melbourne Airport An artist's impression of the airport rail link station.

The population boom will increase the number of people flying and international visitors will grow at an even faster rate as more efficient aeroplanes and airline competition makes airfares cheaper.

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The world's busiest airports by passenger traffic are measured by total passengers (data from Airports Council International), defined as passengers enplaned plus passengers deplaned plus direct-transit passengers .

Technology in 20 years will not be the same like today and the future technology will more of rise of artificial intelligence. Over the course of the next two decades, we can expect technology to make major changes to the world around us which will be difficult to cope with for some but for others, the

Melbourne Airport expects passenger numbers, which have already grown 60 per cent over the past decade, to balloon from 36.5 million a year now to more than 69 million a year by 2038.

Meanwhile, aircraft movements (take-offs and landings) are expected to grow from about 670 every day to more than a thousand. (That's 244,476 movements a year versus 384,000.)

The airport says it already has regular delays because it can't move aircraft fast enough on its two runways.

It expects to hit maximum capacity next year and, by 2023, expects to be plagued by delays throughout the day if it doesn't build a third runway.

The privately owned airport has plans in place to accommodate its growth and, according to it, keep us moving around the world and home again smoothly.

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Less than 20 percent of the world’s population has set foot on an airplane, but that’s changing “China is now the first trillion-dollar aviation market in our forecast,” says Randy Tinseth, vice president Over the next 20 years demand will rise for crew to fly and maintain the. thousands of new planes that will

Well, when we talk about how will technology change our lives in the next 20 years , we can´t make an exactly answer. About the transport in 20 years , it can change a lot, because each year we find new cars for example. And today in european countries exist better transports than in Argentina.

So how will the airport have to change? And what may a trip from Tullamarine look like in a couple of decades?

The notorious drop-off ramp

One of the biggest pain points today for passengers is the last few hundred metres of their journey up the notoriously congested drop-off ramp.

The airport has started directing traffic into different zones in pick-up and drop-off areas depending on the time of day to ease congestion.

But for a long-term fix, it plans to move private vehicle drop-offs and pick-ups to levels two and three of the multi-storey car park opposite the main terminal.

The new drop-off area will be connected by elevated link roads off the T4 entry ramp, from a new dedicated freeway exit and then feeding directly back onto the Tullamarine Freeway via Melbourne Drive – allowing the public to drop-off of collect loved ones without encountering an intersection.

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Find out about the largest, busiest airports in the world in our list of the top 20 . With the increase in passengers , the airport ’s new people mover gets to showcase what it can do. It is amazing how top International Airport have the most in infrastructure both in facilities and technologies all over the world.

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That will also allow the terminal to expand forward into part of what is currently the forecourt pick-up zone.

In the long term, the airport plans to move taxis and other commercial vehicles onto the multi-storey carpark too.

From the carpark, passengers will walk to the terminals via elevated pedestrian bridges.

Car trips to the airport on busy days will almost double to 240,000 per day in 20 years if there's no investment in public transport or other new ways to get out to Tullamarine, the airport says.  This appears to be finally happening.

A rail link, at last?

After being on the drawing board for 60 years, the long-awaited $11 billion airport rail link seems to be gaining speed.

The state government wants the link to be completed by 2031. The train’s exact route hasn’t been decided but the government has indicated it would travel through a “super hub” at Sunshine Station.

The airport has put aside space for a rail link into the terminals, between T3 and T4, and is part of a private consortium including Metro Trains and IFM Investors that wants to build the link.

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Denver International Airport in the US was the 20 th busiest in the world last year for passenger traffic, with more than 61 million passengers . However, that could change by next year . Atlanta was the only airport in the top 20 to see a decrease in passenger traffic last year , with a small drop of 0.26%.

The top 20 airports accounted for 17% of the 1.5 billion passengers who passed through airports around the world in 2017. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the home of Delta Air Lines and serves as a major transit hub for both domestic and international travel.

The group says it can start building next year and has offered $5 billion for the project, matching pledges of $5 billion each from state and federal coffers.

And, hedging its bets, the airport says its train station could also be the base for a high-speed rail station in the future.

Inside the terminals

Melbourne is looking to keep pace with global trends and that includes installing new self check-in and bag-drop facilities across all terminals, self-service outbound immigration checkpoints and more departure lounges and retail and dining options. With international traffic growing the fastest, Melbourne's T2 will get a major overhaul over the next five years.

Video: take a tour of the new-look international terminal

That includes installing three "swing gates" that can be used for both international flights and domestic flights at Qantas' T1.

It plans to start expanding T2's retail precinct later this year, adding about two soccer grounds worth of new space across four floors. That will be used for shops and eateries, five new airlines lounges, and a "rooftop piazza", including a bar and restaurant with views across the runways.

The international pier will also be expanded to add a further five aircraft gates.

By 2038, the airport expects T2's footprint to be double the size it is today, expanding to make room for even more airline lounges, shops, eateries and boarding gates.

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India’s airports are struggling to cope with a massive surge in passenger numbers and billions of dollars must be spent to boost their capacity, analysts have warned. Flights have increased by around 20 percent every year over the last three years , stretching many airports to breaking point.

The Airports Council International compiled its list using passenger -traffic data from 1,179 airports around the world. Once again, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) took the top spot, with more than 104 million passengers in 2016.

The international arrival area, meanwhile – the cramped space that passengers walk out to after clearing immigration, security and customs – will be significantly expanded into the forecourt area where taxis currently pick-up and drop-off passengers.

In domestic, Virgin's terminal is undergoing a major facelift at the moment, with self-service kiosks and bag-drops being installed.

A walkway between Virgin's terminal and T4, used by Jetstar and Tigerair, has already opened, and another hotel is being built near T4 to open next year.

In the long-term, the airport intends to keep expanding south into what could eventually become a fifth terminal below T4.

With the airport stretching out, it is considering building a large-scale travelator or an automated train – or “people mover” – to scoot passengers between terminals.

More runways

Making room for more people is one thing – making room for more aeroplanes is quite another.

Melbourne Airport currently has two runways. One runs from north to south and is long enough and wide enough to handle super-jumbo jets flying on long-haul international routes while the busy east-west runway handles most of the heavy traffic.

The airport says its current runways will hit maximum capacity next year and it wants to start building a third runway, running east-west, by 2023.

The project needs government approval, and will open to public consultation within the next 12 months, with hopes to start construction in 2020.

The airport says the east-west orientation is the best option because planes won’t have to cross another runway to reach their take-off strip from the terminals.

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IATA's 20 Year Passenger Forecast analyzes fundamental drivers of air travel demand to identify major traffic trends and alternate scenarios for the next 20 The Passenger Forecast solution predicts passenger demand by looking at factors like: The emerging middle class in developing countries.

“The airport expansion will help us better serve our growing passenger numbers. Improved customer satisfaction is the goal of all this construction work. Helsinki Airport is likely to already reach 20 million passengers this year , two years sooner than originally expected. “We are seeking an even

It will also extend the existing east-west runway to accommodate larger aircraft. After that a fourth runway running north-south is pencilled in, to be built some time after 2038.

But some local residents are unhappy with the airport's plans. They say the third runway's east-west alignment will put many more houses under flight paths compared to a north-south runway.

The Hume Residents Airport Action Group says that if the east-west runways go ahead, the airport should pay for noise insulation in the affected homes and impose a curfew between 11pm and 6am.

They also ask, should a city the size of Melbourne have just one airport?

London, for example, with its 8 million people today, is serviced by Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted, Luton and City airports.

Slide to see airport noise for 2019 compared with 2038

Is one airport enough?

Avalon Airport, near Geelong, says Tullamarine shouldn't handle the load alone. The small airport is trying to become a bigger competitor and says it is already there to operate as a "third runway" for Melbourne.

Avalon has just seven departing domestic flights each day, all operated by Jetstar.

And it recently became an international airport, with budget carrier AirAsia operating a twice-daily return service to Kuala Lumpur, and it is itching to secure more flights, eyeing other Asian carriers which might be lured across by its lower runway fees. Avalon also has long-term plans to build a second runway as traffic grows.

However, some in the aviation industry believe Avalon is too close to Melbourne's main airport, and that the city's outer south-east is where a second airport is really needed.

Victoria's long-term state planning scheme has earmarked land between Koo Wee Rup and Lang Lang for another airport, which would be more easily accessed by residents in the south-eastern suburbs and by Gippsland farmers who want to ship their produce to Asia overnight.

But moves to actually build the Koo Wee Rup airport have not taken off.

Meanwhile, there are major developments afoot in the world of aviation technology that could change how we fly, with everyone from Boeing and Airbus through to Uber trying to develop small and efficient flying people-movers.

That could open up suburban airports such as Essendon and Moorabbin to quick and easy flights up to Sydney or to regional centres.

Something else that could clip Melbourne Airport's wings is if a high-speed rail network is ever built between Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane.

However, after decades of talk but no firm plans, get used to the airport at Tullamarine being our portal to the world for the time being.

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