Money Australians landed almost 1 million new jobs in five years — so what kind of jobs are they and is that a big deal?

16:03  16 april  2018
16:03  16 april  2018 Source:   abc.net.au

Many Australians are so fearful for their jobs they're don't want to ask for a pay rise

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In 2013, Tony Abbott promised a million jobs would be created within the first five years of a Coalition government — turns out he was right. But is it a major milestone or was it bound to happen? And what kinds of jobs are they ?

On average, about 200,000 new jobs have been created each year over the past 15 years.© Provided by ABC News On average, about 200,000 new jobs have been created each year over the past 15 years.

In 2013, then-prime minister Tony Abbott promised a million jobs would be created in the first five years of a Coalition government. Turns out he was right.

But rather than a political milestone ticked off the list, this is a target Australia was always on track to hit.

Australia's population is rapidly increasing, driven by high immigration, and the economy has been growing continually for decades.

On average over the last 15 years, about 200,000 new jobs have been created each year. Multiply that by five and you've got 1 million.

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On average over the last 15 years , approximately 200,000 new jobs have been created each year . Multiply it by five and you have 1 million . But there is a much more interesting story about what these jobs are and where they were created.

But people will likely lack new skillsets required for new roles and be out of work anyway. UK unemployment rises at fastest rate in almost five years . Brexit: UK could lose half a million jobs with no deal , says Sadiq Khan.

But there's a much more interesting story in what those jobs are and where they've been created.

So, where are those jobs?

Australia is relatively rich and changing fast. This chart goes beyond the past five years to examine where jobs existed each year since 1985, based on monthly ABS figures averaged for the entire calendar year.

It shows we are investing big in health and education and have the spare cash to spend on services and things like arts and recreation, which is creating a whole lot of jobs in that sector.

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In other words, we can bring manufacturing back to the US or create new jobs , but not both. Time for a career change, then? With millions of jobs at risk and a worldwide employment Despite these grave threats, when I asked Daniel where he sees himself in five years , he remained cautiously optimistic.

Australians landed almost 1 million new jobs in five years — so what kind of jobs are they ? In 2013, Tony Abbott promised the Coalition would create a million jobs within five years — turns out he was right. Explore the data.

The National Disability Insurance Scheme, together with an increasing demand for aged care, is fuelling a spike in jobs in the health and social assistance sector.

This is now the single-biggest employer and largest contributor to employment in every state.

The NDIS alone is expected to create an extra 80,000 full-time jobs by 2020, according to Department of Social Security figures.

Economist Chris Richardson predicts this "magnificent" jobs growth will continue and notes it is a remarkably stable sector, pointing to statistics that show businesses in health care are the least likely to go bankrupt.

"If you've got a backache or a toothache, you're going to do something about it. The ups and downs of the economy don't really have a big impact," he says.

A more educated society, together with the rise of the consultant, is helping drive very fast growth in the vaguely named "professional, scientific and technical services" sector.

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ABC. Australians landed almost 1 million new jobs in five years - so what kind of jobs are they and is that a big deal ?

new jobs in the United States each year are in new . The personal computer enabled the creation of 15.8 million net new jobs since 1980, accounting for 10 percent of employment Wages increased accordingly as they learned how to use new software and developed higher value skills.42.

This includes everything from lawyers, engineers and architects to designers and computer programmers. It's now the second-fastest growing sector in New South Wales, Victoria and the ACT, behind health.

This reflects Australia's move towards a "services" over "goods" economy.

But that doesn't mean all of the new jobs are "professional".

Australia's construction industry is going gangbusters — ABS figures show it's more than doubled in every state except the ACT and SA, where it's up by at least 50 per cent.

That's thanks to a residential housing boom, the tail-end of the mining boom and huge Government-funded projects like Sydney's WestConnex motorway.

Almost one in 10 jobs is now in the construction sector — the biggest share in over a century.

What about part-time jobs?

According to University of Melbourne economist Mark Wooden, the dominant employment feature of the current generation has been the growth in part-time work, which is out-stripping growth in full-time jobs. Close to one in three workers is now part-time.

In the retail and accommodation and food services industries (both big employers),the number of part-time jobs either equals or outweighs full-time jobs.

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Ten million British jobs could be taken over by computers and robots over the next 20 years , wiping out more than one in three roles. The study found of all the major cities in the world London has the highest number of skilled jobs – almost 1 . 5 m, compared with second place New York at 1 .12m – that

Within five years , the city lost 50,000 jobs and $ 1 .3 billion in manufacturing wages. Since 2000, the number of manufacturing jobs has fallen by almost 5 million , or about 30 percent.

Professor Wooden says this is not hugely surprising given the nature of the work; they're both "service-oriented" industries that do not operate solely between 9:00am and 5:00pm, Monday to Friday.

But the huge growth in part-time jobs shouldn't be confused with the debate that's raging around the "casualisation" of the workforce, he warns.

Professor Wooden notes two-thirds of permanent part-timers are happy with their level of employment, although that leaves one-third who still want more work.

One of those people looking for more work is medical scientist Liz Westwood.

The 52-year-old has been studying human cells for the past 30 years, but can only get part-time work now because machines are performing the tasks that she used to, and advances in science have slashed the number of tests her laboratory examines.

Specifically, she says the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) test has reduced the number of pap smears by 80 per cent.

"About 80 per cent of the work we do has disappeared, so it's been a real shock for the industry because that means there aren't enough jobs to go around now," she says.

Centralisation means some jobs have disappeared

Rewind 30 years and the single-biggest employer in nearly every state and territory was manufacturing. Now it's the fastest shrinking and single-biggest source of job losses, shedding nearly 60,000 positions in five years.

Jobs are popping up all across Australia

  Jobs are popping up all across Australia Australian employment has increased in each of the past 17 months. In just the past year alone, employment has grown by 420,000. Job openings have risen 12.1% over the past year, including 0.9% in March. Vacancies haven't been this high in over five years.According to the Australia’s Department of Jobs and Small Business Internet Vacancy Index (IVI), online job vacancies rose by 0.9% to 187,200 in March.

That's almost one job for every person searching for a role. This kind of "tight labor market" should trigger fatter paychecks for workers, but so far, that isn't happening. Trump talks about wanting to create 25 million new jobs . The issue isn't the job openings.

This is no big surprise given the recent demise of Australia's car-making industry and similar trends around the world.

Another trend detected by economist Saul Eslake is the move towards centralisation.

While the smaller states and territories have recorded job losses in financial services (banks), information media and telecommunications, New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland have all recorded gains.

"It suggests, perhaps, that these activities have become increasingly concentrated in big cities," he says.

In a single generation, traditional industries have shrunk and some jobs have disappeared altogether.

Gwenyth Taylor spent 25 years managing secretarial services and typists at a major law firm in Sydney.

But her role eventually became redundant as typists were no longer needed and the traditional secretarial role changed.

Luckily, she has degrees in maths, science and psychology and a lot of experience in resource management, so she quickly found another job in the IT industry.

"The change is accelerating enormously, it used to be in a person's lifetime, now it's well and truly happening within a few years," she says.

'King of trades' has come to an end

Victorian Jarrod Rich, 47, has witnessed this first hand. He began his career as an instrument technician at coal-fired power stations in the La Trobe Valley.

But he says he's been hit with a "double whammy" — his job has been absorbed by electricians and the power stations he worked on are closing down.

"It's come to an end pretty much, which is a shame because it was called the 'king of the trades', it was the highest paying trade," he says.

Mr Rich has retrained and is hoping to get a job driving elderly people between hospitals and their aged care homes.

It's a calculated move. He's seen the growth in the aged care industry and says even though he's had to take a big pay cut, "at least I'll have more security".

Which jobs will still exist in the next generation?

"Stay away from the stuff that's easily replicated." That's the advice from Mr Richardson.

So if your work involves anything particularly repetitive or routine, there is a high chance you could be replaced by a robot. Think jobs that involve driving, operating machines, flipping burgers or stacking shelves.

But equally, there are jobs that robots cannot replace, like barristers, carers and journalists, and more complicated functions they cannot replicate like problem-solving.

Mr Richardson says the more highly skilled or educated you are, the safer you'll be.

"For a long time, labour was physical labour. Increasingly we're using our minds," he says.

But he says there's no need to be afraid:

"The rise of machines will not steal jobs.

"People will have more careers doing different things but it won't, by and large, increase the ranks of the unemployed."

Aussie dollar plunges on weak job figures .
Disappointing local employment figures and falls in US stocks overnight has dragged the Australian dollar lower.At 0635 AEST on Friday, the local currency was worth 77.31 US cents, down from 78.01 US cents on Thursday.

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