Offbeat conversion to e-mobility is considerably affecting employment from
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The conversion to electromobility in the car makers has a study, according to a study, significant impact on employment - and makes more efforts needed for retraining. As can be seen from the study of the IFO Institute published on Thursday on behalf of the Automotive Industry (VDA) Association, the industry prevails so far every second workplace on the combustion technology.
In 2019, more than 447,000 people produced products that are directly related to the combustion technology - such as diesel engines, exhaust gas purification systems or muffling pots. "This corresponds to around seven percent of employment in the German industry," says in the study. In the automotive industry itself, therefore, almost every second workplace depends on the combustion technology. In addition, more than 166,000 people were employed in 2019 with the production of products that have indirectly dealt with vehicles with internal combustion engines, such as managers.
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In the sum, in 2019, around 613,000 people had produced products with connection to internal combustion engines. The value of these products have summed up to a value of more than 149 billion euros. For comparison: Vehicles with pure electric drive were therefore worth 3.1 billion euros in the year, plug-in hybrid vehicles around 4.3 billion euros.
, according to the study, the car industry is now in a complex transformation process that will shape at least the coming decade - and the throw the question of how the employment effects that are related to "collecting". According to the investigation, this also depends on how fast the change to e-mobility takes place - especially with regard to the fleet limit values of EU regulation.
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"If the production value in vehicles with internal combustion engines in Germany would reduce the shares corresponding to regulation, at least 178,000 employees would be affected in 2025," it says in the study. In 2030, there are therefore at least 215,000 employees, of which 165,000 in the automotive industry itself.
At the same time, around 75,000 employees in the automotive industry would retire until 2025, thereby around 38,800 in vehicle construction, the other in the production of parts. By 2030, age-related fluctuation will concern about 147,000 employees, of which around 73,000 in vehicle construction.
thus results in a "significant gap between the employees concerned and the upcoming age-related employment fluctuation". It clearly shows, "how profound will be the ongoing transformation process in the coming years". Already today, given this development, "significant efforts" are needed, for example through further education and retraining, "to master the transformation process and at the same time to cushion the negative employment effects".
JM / ILO
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