Sport Dry ice, containers and overworked doctors: the hurdles for Japan's vaccine roll-out
59% of Americans Say Vaccine Rollout Happening Too Slowly in Their State: Poll
The Biden administration is "inheriting a huge mess" on the rollout of vaccines, said incoming White House Chief of Staff Ron Klain on Sunday.The COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna were both approved for emergency use authorization by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration last month. But as of Saturday, only about 10.6 million Americans have received a vaccine, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As of Sunday, there are 23 million reported COVID-19 cases in the U.S., according to data from Johns Hopkins University, and the nation is nearing 400,000 deaths.
By Tim Kelly and Rocky Swift
TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan's vaccination roll-out faces logistical hurdles that could further delay the slow-moving campaign, experts and officials say, complicating plans to deliver widescale coronavirus inoculations in time for the Olympics.
Already the last major industrial country to start mass vaccinations, Japan is likely to be hampered on the ground by a lack of containers and dry ice and difficulties in recruiting medical staff, more than a dozen people involved in the inoculation drive told Reuters.
Why Israel’s Vaccine Success Might Be Hard to Replicate
A credible health-care system may be the key determinant to success.It’s the kind of standout success one would expect from the now-familiar stars of the global response to COVID-19—Taiwan, South Korea, or New Zealand. But it’s actually been achieved by Israel, in several respects a surprising country to be the world’s front-runner on vaccine distribution. A 2019 Johns Hopkins study ranked Israel an unspectacular 54th among 195 countries in terms of preparedness for a pandemic. After initially appearing to vanquish the coronavirus, Israel has since suffered some of the world’s worst outbreaks—something that remains true as it celebrates its vaccine advances.
Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga has said vaccines are critical to holding a successful Olympics after last year's delay. The first shots for medical workers are planned at the end of February, leaving just 145 days until the start of the Games on July 23.
Japan will need to deliver about 870,000 injections a day to inoculate half its population by then, with each person needing two shots of the vaccine.
"The government's plan puts a big burden on the individual municipalities in giving out the vaccines," said Koji Wada, an adviser on the government's COVID-19 response. "The big metropolitan areas like Tokyo may have the infrastructure to roll out the vaccinations smoothly, but more rural areas... could have more difficulty."
Companies that specialise in moving medicines say there may not be enough specialised containers to transport the Pfizer Inc vaccine, which has to be stored at minus 75 degrees Celsius, much colder than standard freezers.
Here’s Why It Will Be Hard to Ramp Up COVID Vaxx Production
By Liz Szabo, Sarah Jane Tribble, Arthur Allen, and Jay Hancock Americans are dying of COVID-19 by the thousands, but efforts to ramp up production of potentially lifesaving vaccines are hitting a brick wall. Vaccine makers Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech are running their factories full tilt and are under enormous pressure to expand production or collaborate with other drug companies to set up additional assembly lines. That pressure is only growing as new viral variants of the virus threaten to launch the country into a deadlier phase of the pandemic.
A government source told Reuters that officials did not begin assessing whether there were enough containers or dry ice to pack freezer boxes until late last year.
Japan's vaccination tsar, Taro Kono, outlined the scale of the challenge last week. The coordination of medical workers, transport, freezer production, needle disposal and dealing with local governments are handled by different ministries, he said on Twitter.
Medical staff, already exhausted from caring for a third, deadly wave of infections, will need to be mobilised to give out shots.
The vaccine is still not approved, although that is widely expected by the middle of next month. Ahead of that, the health ministry on Wednesday carried out a mock inoculation exercise in a college gym in Kawasaki, 17 miles (27 km) south of Tokyo.
Japan has purchased enough Pfizer vaccines to inoculate 72 million people, more than half its population. The government is buying some 20,000 speciality coolers and sourcing massive quantities of dry ice for its transportation.
Major $23.9 million coronavirus vaccine advertising blitz launches
The Federal Government is behind the blitz, hoping to encourage everyone to get the jab once it becomes available from mid-February. The campaign will come in three stages with the first aimed at clearing up any concerns people might have about the vaccine. © Nine News The coronavirus vaccine advertising campaign aims to inform Australians about the benefits of getting the COVID-19 jab. Chief Midwifery and Nursing Officer Professor Alison McMillan is one of the health officials featured in the first ad and says it's all about building public confidence.
Japan produces about 350,000 tonnes of dry ice per year, but it's mostly for food preservation, according to an official with one of the major makers. To transport the vaccine, the government will need either a granular or powder type of ice, which can keep temperatures colder than the standard dry-ice blocks used for food.
"It's not just a case of being able to switch a part on a machine, the production method (for the ice) is different," said the official, who asked not to be identified. "It would take several months to retool."
Transport company Nippon Express Co Ltd was involved in discussions to distribute Pfizer's vaccine, but was depending on the drugmaker to provide special containers, a spokesman said.
The company is building four specialised warehouses across Japan to store medical products, but those won't be ready until February and aren't designed for the super cold needed for Pfizer's vaccine, he said.
Nihon Freezer Co, which makes industrial refrigerators, is making 2,300 coolers for the government, but without a formal contract until the first vaccines are approved, a company official said.
"Leftover" COVID Vaccines Offered To Non-Priority Groups
One young, healthy woman had a first dose of the Pfizer vaccine when she took her elderly mother to an appointment, because other patients failed to turn up.One woman tells Newsweek she was offered an injection at a mass vaccination center in England after taking her 80-year-old mother to get her vaccine. As temperatures plunged on Sunday, much of the U.K. was covered in snow. It suddenly became clear to vaccine center workers that doses would be unused and wasted due to a large number of patients who are elderly or vulnerable being unable to make it in the treacherous conditions.
Those can be plugged in to any 100V outlet, the standard in Japan, although temporary vaccination centres such as schools may need rewiring.
"We have made about half of them and should have the remainder finished by June," the official said about the freezers, which are manufactured in Denmark. "Finding enough components has been difficult because of the sudden increase in production."
Medical equipment maker PHC Corp, which has been tapped by the government for ultra-low temperature freezers, said it is operating its main plant round-the-clock.
Once delivered, the vaccines must be administered by already overstretched medical workers. A Kyodo News survey showed about 80% of prefectural governments were concerned about having enough staff to give injections.
Multiple front-line doctors have said they lack manpower to deal with the crisis.
Nurses from the Self-Defense Forces have already been deployed to some pandemic-stricken cities, and could be called on again, a defence official said. The SDF has about 2,000 doctors and nurses qualified to give injections, though all can't be spared, he said.
Japan has also contracted for hundreds of millions more vaccine doses from multiple overseas makers, but those won't be mobilised for months.
That could add to doubts about the Olympics, but hurrying along the process would be worse, said Yoshihito Niki, an infectious disease specialist at Showa University Hospital.
"It's better to move more cautiously and carefully with vaccinations than to make local municipalities rush forward with preparations," he said.
(Reporting by Tim Kelly and Rocky Swift; Additional reporting by Kiyoshi Takenaka, Mari Saito, Ju-min Park, Kazuhiko Tamaki, Nobuhiro Kubo; Editing by David Dolan and Raju Gopalakrishnan)
Covid-19 vaccines are great — but you still need to wear a mask for now .
What we know and don’t know about how Covid-19 vaccines slow the spread of the virus.Surely, this means we can stop wearing a face mask?