Sport What is OTSC, the military alliance that allows Russia to intervene in Kazakhstan?

17:40  07 january  2022
17:40  07 january  2022 Source:   france24.com

The President of Kazakhstan decrees the state of emergency after manifestations

 The President of Kazakhstan decrees the state of emergency after manifestations © AFP L E President of the Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev decreed on Tuesday the state of emergency in Almaty and in a petroleum region at the Following demonstrations against rising gas prices. A Almaty (South-East), the economic capital of this country of Central Asia, the police used deafening grenades and tear gas to disperse a manifestation against rising gas prices that had collected several thousand people. .

Des parachutistes russes embarquent pour le Kazakhstan sur une base militaire près de Moscou, le 6 janvier 2022. © Via Reuters - Collective Security Treaty Organ Russian paratroopers board for Kazakhstan on a military base near Moscow, January 6, 2022.

Since Thursday, Russian troops are hurried to Kazakhstan at the request of the Government of Kazakhstan. Framework of the OTSC Defense Mechanism, the Organization of the Collective Safety Treaty, a kind of "mini-NATO" under Russian influence. Explanations.

to cope with the riots and manifestations that shake the Kazakhstan since the beginning of the week, a contingent of Russian troops (including paratroopers) and other allied countries of Moscow arrived Thursday in the country and support The power in place by protecting the strategic buildings and shoulder the police.

Kazakhstan. "Dozens" of protesters killed by the police, Russia sends its forces

 Kazakhstan. © Mariya Gordeyeva / Reuters according to the Ministry of the Interior Kazakh cited by local media, at least eight members of the security forces were killed and 317 wounded. Kazakhstan, prey to riots since Wednesday, January 5, 2022, was the scene of scenes of violence tonight. Protesters were killed by the police while trying to seize administrative buildings.

Your Browser Does Not Support This Video The OTSC President, Prime Minister Armenian Nikol Pachinian, said

Facebook that the Alliance had decided to send "a collective peacekeeping force" For "a limited time duration to stabilize and normalize the situation in this country", which has been caused by "external interference". A minimalist version of the late Warsaw Pact

This intervention is part of the organization of the collective security treaty (

OTSC ), which includes around Russia five former Soviet republics remained in its "pre-square) ": Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

Founded in 2002, a few months after the beginning of the international intervention in Afghanistan, this military alliance has endowed in 2019 with a rapid force of intervention of 20,000 men and a peacekeeping force of the peace. 3,600 members recognized by the UN. The Eurasian organization has Tajikistan-based troops and Kyrgyzstan.

Lead 1-Russian paratroopers in Kazakhstan, prey to riots

 Lead 1-Russian paratroopers in Kazakhstan, prey to riots Kazakhstan-events / (Lead 1, Photo, TV): Lead 1-Russian paratroopers in Kazakhstan, prey to riots (with information from the Russian media, Background) by Olzhas Auyezov Almaty, January 6 (Reuters) - Russia sent parachutes to Kazakhstan as part of a "peacekeeping" force with aim to put an end to violent riots that shake the country The Organization of the Collective Security Treaty (CBSC), a military alliance between several former Soviet republics.

thought like "a counterweight form of the

Russia against the Atlantic Alliance", where Moscow and its modern army have a strong military ascendant on their allies, the OTSC is the "guarantee of stability in Central Asia "observes David teurrie . "The organization depends on the capacity of the Russian army to project", continues this specialist researcher from Eurasia. of Belarus to Armenia, the defense of the Russian influence zone

The members of the OTSC are not confronted with the same problems. The states of Central Asia, close to Afghanistan, "face the threats of destabilization" coming from this country, explains David teurrie.

Belarus is, more concerned by NATO, present at its borders - Lithuania, Latvia and Poland has joined the Atlantic Alliance. Armenia, on the other hand, is looking for the support of the organization in its conflict with Azerbaijan.

In Kazakhstan, the intervention of the OTSC, at the request of the local authorities, allows Russia to stabilize a border country without appearing directly, remark stone ausor. "Send soldiers through the OTSC is a way to stay a little masked, to give the image of an intervention from all the countries of the Caucasus, and not just Russia," says the Director General of the Mediterranean Foundation strategic studies (FMES). The ex-military, however, fears "burrs" to come and emphasizes that "the military is never indicated for diking".

with AFP

Return to Calm in Almaty, President Tokayev promises the departure of the Russian troops .
© AFP Kyrgyz soldiers of the Organization of the Collective Safety Treaty (OTSC) Amount Guard in a power plant in Almaty on 11 January. President Kazakhstannais announced on Tuesday the end of the security alliance mission taken by Russia and the "progressive" withdrawal of his soldiers. In Almaty, in the economic capital of Kazakhstan, France 24 observed a return to calm.

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