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Sport Climate change could threaten the future of the Winter Olympics

14:06  27 january  2022
14:06  27 january  2022 Source:   dailymail.co.uk

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It's the ultimate sporting event for skiers, snowboarders and ice skaters around the world, but a new study has warned that the Winter Olympics could become a thing of the past – thanks to climate change.

Experts have warned that the number of suitable venues could decline amid rising global temperatures.

Their warnings come days before the start of the Winter Olympics in China, which will be the first to rely on almost 100 per cent artificial snow.

The report, led by experts from Loughborough University, said: 'The risk is clear - man-made warming is threatening the long-term future of winter sports.

'It is also reducing the number of climatically suitable host venues for the Winter Olympiad.'

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Experts have warned that the number of suitable venues could decline amid rising global temperatures. Their warnings come days before the start of the Winter Olympics in China, which will be the first to rely on almost 100 per cent artificial snow © Provided by Daily Mail Experts have warned that the number of suitable venues could decline amid rising global temperatures. Their warnings come days before the start of the Winter Olympics in China, which will be the first to rely on almost 100 per cent artificial snow

What's the issue with artificial snow?

At Winter Olympics, China will use almost 100 per cent artificial snow, as well as chemicals to slow the melt.

Worryingly, this delivers a surface that many competitors say is unpredictable and potentially dangerous.

The fake snow is also expected to require a huge volume of water and energy to produce.

China could need as much as two million cubic meters of water to create enough fake snow to cover ski runs and access roads during the Games.

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Since the first Winter Games in Chamonix in 1924, 21 venues around the world have been used for the event.

However, the report suggests that by 2050, less than half (10) of these venues will have the 'climate suitability' and natural snowfall levels to host the event.

Previous host areas now classed as 'high risk' include Chamonix, Norway, France and Austria, while Vancouver, Sochi and Squaw Valley have been deemed 'unreliable.'

The report, titled 'Slippery Slopes: How Climate Change is Threatening the Winter Olympics', was produced ahead of the start of the Winter Olympics in China on February 4.

At the event, China will use almost 100 per cent artificial snow, as well as chemicals to slow the melt.

Worryingly, this delivers a surface that many competitors say is unpredictable and potentially dangerous.

'The 2022 Winter Olympics will, no doubt, be an awesome spectacle watched and enjoyed by millions worldwide,' the report said.

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'But they should also provoke a debate about the future of snow sports, and the limits of engineering artificial natural environments. Slippery slopes lie ahead.'

At the event, China will use almost 100 per cent artificial snow, as well as chemicals to slow the melt © Provided by Daily Mail At the event, China will use almost 100 per cent artificial snow, as well as chemicals to slow the melt The artificial snow at the Winter Olympics is estimated to require around 222 million litres of water to produce © Provided by Daily Mail The artificial snow at the Winter Olympics is estimated to require around 222 million litres of water to produce

Laura Donaldson, a British freestyle skier who competed at the Salt Lake Games in 2002, has raised concerns about the danger artificial snow could pose to athletes this year.

'If freestyle super pipes are formed from snowmaking machines in a poor (natural snow) season, the walls of the pipe are solid, vertical ice and the pipe floor is solid ice,' she said.

'This is dangerous for athletes - some have died.'

The report suggests that by 2050, less than half (10) of these venue will have the 'climate suitability' and natural snowfall levels to host the event. Previous host areas now classed as 'high risk' include Chamonix, Norway, France and Austria, while Vancouver, Sochi and Squaw Valley have been deemed 'unreliable' © Provided by Daily Mail The report suggests that by 2050, less than half (10) of these venue will have the 'climate suitability' and natural snowfall levels to host the event. Previous host areas now classed as 'high risk' include Chamonix, Norway, France and Austria, while Vancouver, Sochi and Squaw Valley have been deemed 'unreliable'

This artificial snow is estimated to require around 222 million litres of water to produce.

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British freestyle champion and Winter Olympian Peter Speight, said: 'It's helpful for creating physical snow for people to use, but it uses large amounts of water and energy and does not help solve climate change.

'We need to solve climate change at the source (reduce greenhouse gas emissions), rather thanrely on mitigation focused solutions.'

The report comes shortly after another study led by the University of Waterloo looked at the suitability of the 21 previous host cities to host again in the future.

It found that if global temperatures continue to rise on their current trajectory, just one previous host would be suitable by 2050.

In the study published in Current Issues in Tourism, the researchers wrote: 'By mid-century the number of reliable hosts declines to four (Lack Placid, Lillehammer, Oslo, and Sapporo) and by the end of the century only one location remains reliable (Sapporo).'

Events at the 2022 Winter Olympics

Events will be held in 15 disciplines across seven sports at the Beijing 2022 Games.

109 sets of medals will be awarded, seven more than there were at PyeongChange 2018.

New events will be contested in bobsleigh, short track, freestyle skiing, ski jumping, and snowboard.

Events:

- Alpine Skiing

- Biathlon

- Bobsleigh

- Cross-Country Skiing

- Curling

- Figure Skating

- Freestyle Skiing

- Ice Hockey

- Luge

- Nordic Combined

- Short Track Speed Skating

- Skeleton

- Ski Jumping

- Snowboard

- Speed Skating

Read more

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