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Tech & Science Something Appears to Have Ripped a Massive Hole in the Milky Way's Edge

06:50  20 may  2019
06:50  20 may  2019 Source:   newsweek.com

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Something appears to have torn a hole in part of the Milky Way ' s halo. The "dark substructure" was found via Gaia observations—a project set out to produce the most detailed 3D map of our galaxy—with Harvard scientist Ana Bonaca noticing The stellar halo of the Milky Way is full of these tidal streams.

Something Appears to Have Ripped a Massive Hole in the Milky Way ' s Edge . The team now hopes to find other similar structures in other parts of the Milky Way . They are also trying to locate and measure the wave's teenage stars, as these inherit the motions of the parental cloud, therefore

Something appears to have torn a hole in part of the Milky Way’s halo. The “dark substructure” was found via Gaia observations—a project set out to produce the most detailed 3D map of our galaxy—with Harvard scientist Ana Bonaca noticing a perturbation in a tidal stream.

She presented her findings at the American Physical Society’s April meeting.

As first reported by LiveScience, Bonaca was focusing on tidal streams produced by stars escaping from globular clusters—normally found at the edges of a galaxy. The stellar halo of the Milky Way is full of these tidal streams.

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Something had blown a massive hole in the Milky Way . The edge of the galaxy is already a strange place, even when you consider the overall weirdness that is space. It' s sheathed in a vast halo of hot gas that' s studded with old stars and globular clusters and maybe even traces of "ghost" galaxy

An enormous “ something ” appears to have torn a hole in part of the Milky Way ’ s halo. The “dark substructure” was found via Gaia spacecraft Bonaca is a leading authority on how the tidal field of the Milky Way galaxy disrupts globular clusters, and what the resulting debris can tell us about the

If there is nothing to disturb them, the streams are almost uniform in terms of their density. However, Bonaca noticed there was a hole in one. “The on-sky morphology suggests a recent, close encounter with a massive and dense perturber,” an abstract to her work reported.

What this “perturber” is, however, is unknown. "It's a dense bullet of something," Bonaca told LiveScience. Telescopes failed to find the source—so what could it be?

The hole is enormous, so whatever made it must also have been. "It's much more massive than a star,” she told the website. “Something like a million times the mass of the sun. So there are just no stars of that mass. We can rule that out. And if it were a black hole, it would be a supermassive black hole of the kind we find at the center of our own galaxy."

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The Milky Way Galaxy as drifts beyond Mt Hood as seen from the beautiful Lost Lake in Oregon. - photo from Photorator. incredible - seeing stars in the sky like this is so rare these days with all the artificial light around us and cities growing outward the desert is the place to see the stars or the top

Originally Posted by Milky Way Resident. Sun and not above or below that plane of the ecliptic, and assuming the Brown Dwarf is roughly the same mass as Sun, so you can approximate its distance from the barycenter, you'd have to stare at a teeny-tiny small section of space for some time in the hope

The problem with this idea is that there are no signs of a supermassive black hole in the vicinity.

Something Appears to Have Ripped a Massive Hole in the Milky Way's Edge © Getty Images

At the moment, observations do not show any large luminous object (something made from ordinary matter, which reflects light) moving away from the hole. This led Bonaca to suggest the perturbation could have been made by dark matter. This is the mystery substance that makes up about 27 percent of the universe. Scientists know it is there because of the gravitational force it exerts on normal matter—but because it is “dark” in that it does not reflect light, and so we cannot see what it is.

“Observations permit a low-mass dark-matter subhalo as a plausible candidate,” Bonaca’s abstract says.

This dense blob of dark matter could have smashed through the tidal stream—if this is what caused the hole—and would be an exciting find for scientists, as it would provide them the opportunity of studying this elusive substance. The discovery of a dark matter “bullet” would also fit with current predictions about what dark matter is like—research suggests it is “clumpy,” in that it is not smooth and evenly distributed around the universe.

Identifying a clump of dark matter “opens up the possibility that detailed observations of streams could measure the mass spectrum of dark-matter substructures and even identify individual substructures,” her abstract concludes.

However, she says this still does not rule out a luminous object. "It could be that it's a luminous object that went away somewhere, and it's hiding somewhere in the galaxy," she said.

Bocana’s research is still in the early stages. She is yet to publish her findings in a peer-reviewed journal—however, LiveScience reports her presentation was welcomed by attendees.

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