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Tech & Science Ozone hole is the smallest on record due to 'rare event,' NASA says

07:00  22 october  2019
07:00  22 october  2019 Source:   foxnews.com

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The government agencies said that the hole had shrunk to 3.9 million square miles for the remainder of September and October, according to satellite data. “But it’s important to recognize that what we’re seeing this year is due to warmer stratospheric temperatures. It’s not a sign that atmospheric ozone

The Antarctic ozone hole hit its smallest annual peak on record since tracking began in 1982, NOAA and NASA announced Monday. This is the third time in 40 years that weather systems have caused warm stratospheric temperatures that put the brakes on ozone loss, the federal science agencies said .

View of earth from space. © Getty View of earth from space. Unusual weather patterns in the upper atmosphere over Antarctica have caused a drastic reduction in ozone depletion, leaving the ozone with the smallest hole seen since its discovery in 1982, according to NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

The government agencies said that the hole had shrunk to 3.9 million square miles for the remainder of September and October, according to satellite data. The peak in the hole was 6.3 million square miles, observed on Sept. 8. During normal weather conditions, the hole is usually around 8 million square miles during this time of year.

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Abnormally warm temperatures in the stratosphere over Antarctica dramatically limited ozone loss in September and October, resulting in the smallest ozone hole observed since 1982, NOAA and NASA scientists reported todayoffsite link. The annual ozone hole reached its peak extent of 6.3 million

This year's ozone hole peaked at its smallest level on record , thanks to the polar vortex. The Antarctic ozone hole hit its smallest annual peak on record since tracking began in 1982, NOAA READ MORE: * Spring ozone hole may be one of the smallest for decades * Exceptionally rare

“It’s great news for ozone in the Southern Hemisphere,” said Paul Newman, chief scientist for Earth Sciences at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in a statement on NASA's website. “But it’s important to recognize that what we’re seeing this year is due to warmer stratospheric temperatures. It’s not a sign that atmospheric ozone is suddenly on a fast track to recovery.”

A video was posted to NASA's Goddard YouTube page showing the satellite data in further detail.

The ozone layer is approximately 7 to 25 miles above the Earth's surface and acts as a "sunscreen" for the planet, NASA added. It keeps out harmful ultraviolet radiation from the Sun that has been linked to skin cancer, cataracts, immune system suppression and can also cause damage to plants.

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The Antarctic ozone hole hit its smallest annual peak on record since tracking began in 1982, NOAA ( National Oceanic and Instead, scientists attribute the relatively tiny ozone hole to unusually mild temperatures in that layer of the atmosphere. According to NASA and NOAA, the annual ozone hole

What is the ozone hole ? Each year for the past few decades during the Southern Hemisphere spring, chemical reactions involving chlorine and bromine cause ozone in the southern polar region to be destroyed rapidly and The area of the ozone hole is determined from a map of total column ozone .

Pictures: Facts to know about the ozone layer

The hole over the Antarctic forms during the Southern Hemisphere's late winter as the Sun's rays start to cause ozone-depleting reactions. This involves chlorine and bromine from man-made objects being released into the stratosphere which then destroys the molecules in the ozone.

Although "measurements at the South Pole did not show any portions of the atmosphere where ozone was completely depleted," atmospheric scientist Bryan Johnson at NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory said, it's not all good news.

This is just the third time in the past 40 years (September 1998 and 2002 were the others) where the ozone depletion has been limited by unusual weather systems, a phenomena researchers are still trying to figure out.

“It’s a rare event that we’re still trying to understand,” said Susan Strahan, an atmospheric scientist. “If the warming hadn’t happened, we’d likely be looking at a much more typical ozone hole.”

The 1987 Montreal Protocol was enacted after scientists disturbingly found a hole in the ozone over Antarctica and Australia in 1985. It was enacted by the United Nations Environment Program. Former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan said it was "[p]erhaps the single most successful international agreement to date" and it has been widely regarded as successful, with the ozone continuing to recover each year.

A total of 197 countries, including the U.S. under former President Ronald Reagan, are signatories of the Montreal Protocol.

Experts believe the Antarctic ozone will recover back to levels seen in 1980 around 2070.

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