Tech & Science : NASA's sending a rover named VIPER to map the moon's ice deposits - - PressFrom - Australia
  •   
  •   

Tech & Science NASA's sending a rover named VIPER to map the moon's ice deposits

17:15  04 november  2019
17:15  04 november  2019 Source:   popsci.com

NASA is sending a new moon rover to sample water ice on the lunar south pole

  NASA is sending a new moon rover to sample water ice on the lunar south pole NASA is sending a new rover to the moon's south pole. If successful, the Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER) would be first spacecraft to ever land there without crashing. The rover will map the moon's water ice, which is crucial for extended visits if NASA wants to set up lunar base and springboard to Mars. Astronauts travelling to Mars would need to make their jet fuel on the moon. Following two spacecraft crashes in the past, landing on the moon has proven to be difficult due to issues in communications during the final stages of descent, a phase known as "15 minutes of terror.

NASA has announced a new mission under which it plans to send the VIPER rover to Moon ' s south pole to map the location and concentration of water ice in the

A lunar rover or Moon rover is a space exploration vehicle designed to move across the surface of the Moon . The spacecraft which carried Lunokhod 1 was named Luna 17. "New VIPER Lunar Rover to Map Water Ice on the Moon ". NASA . Retrieved 2019-10-25.

Popular Science© Provided by Bonnier Corporation Popular Science

Water here on Earth is, for the most part, a common and renewable resource. When reservoirs run low, rains eventually fill them back up again. On the moon, however, H2O works more like oil or gold—accumulating slowly over eons and basically staying put.

Before any future missions can set up ice mines, we'll have to know where the stuff is. To that end, NASA is planning to send a prospecting rover to the moon. If all goes well, the golf-cart sized Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER) will spend the holiday season of 2022 trundling across the lunar south pole, drilling and sniffing the soil for signs of ice. The map it produces will be essential to both scientists trying to better understand where the moon's water came from, and thirsty future astronauts.

NASA plans to send water-hunting robot to moon surface in 2022

  NASA plans to send water-hunting robot to moon surface in 2022 NASA plans to send water-hunting robot to moon surface in 2022WASHINGTON (Reuters) - NASA will send a golf cart-sized robot to the moon in 2022 to search for deposits of water below the surface, an effort to evaluate the vital resource ahead of a planned human return to the moon in 2024 to possibly use it for astronauts to drink and to make rocket fuel, the U.S. space agency said on Friday.

MOON — NASA plans to send a robotic rover to search for water ice at the moon ' s South Pole in 2022, according to an October 25 news release published on

NASA says it'll send a rover to the moon ' s south pole by the end of 2022 to answer one of the biggest The mobile robot — whose race car name , VIPER , is actually an acronym. It’ s thought that the ice was deposited over the course of billions of years by comets and asteroids hitting the moon .

“We’re really at the crossroads of where science and exploration come together,” says Anthony Colaprete, the VIPER project scientist.

Major Milestone Reached As NASA's Mars 2020 Rover Stands On All Six Wheels

  Major Milestone Reached As NASA's Mars 2020 Rover Stands On All Six Wheels Images from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory show its next-gen rover standing on all six wheels for the first time. As NASA counts down the months and days until the launch of its next robotic mission to the Red Planet, the space agency’s engineers are busy constructing and testing the Mars 2020 rover. A new NASA timelapse showcases the latest major milestone, as the rover can now support itself on its six legs and wheels. The images were taken on October 8, 2019 inside the Simulator Building located at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

NASA is sending a mobile robot to the South Pole of the Moon to get a close-up view of the location and concentration of water ice in the region and for the first time ever, actually sample the water ice at the same pole where the first woman and next man will land in 2024 under the Artemis program.

NASA is sending a mobile robot to the south pole of the moon to get a close-up view of the location and concentration of water ice in the region and for the first time ever, actually sample the water ice at the same pole where the first woman and next man will land in 2024 under the Artemis program.

Get your hands on enough moon water, and you've got a lot of what you need to run a lunar outpost. On top of drinking and bathing in the stuff, a properly applied electric current can split H2O into hydrogen for rocket fuel and oxygen for breathing. How much useful water we can practically wring from the moon, however, remains an open question. "Ultimately, we're interested in whether or not this water represents a reserve in the way we think about oil reserves or natural gas reserves," Colaprete says.

Rough estimates for water quantities at each lunar pole range from 100 million to 1 billion metric tons—more than enough for any number of Antarctica-style outposts. But for major space metropolises, humanity may have to look elsewhere. Transplant New York City to a lunar pole in January, for instance, and at one billion gallons per day it would suck the area permanently dry before the end of the year.

NASA just cracked open a pristine Apollo moon rock sample

  NASA just cracked open a pristine Apollo moon rock sample The sample of lunar rock and soil dates to the Apollo 17 mission in 1972.The space agency had the foresight to sock away samples from Apollo missions for later study once technology had advanced. Now's the time for some of these samples to step into the science limelight.

NASA says it’ll send a rover called VIPER to the lunar south pole by the end of 2022, to find out how accessible the moon ’ s water ice could be. The mobile robot — whose race car name , VIPER , is actually an acronym standing for Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover — would be the first

Of the Moon landings, Luna 2 of the Soviet Union was the first spacecraft to reach its surface successfully,[1] intentionally impacting the Moon on 13 September 1959. Agency or company. Name . Launch due. ^ New VIPER Lunar Rover to Map Water Ice on the Moon . Sarah Loff, NASA .

Researchers know that thin films of perhaps a few molecules cling to dust grains, but probably not in substantial quantities. More exciting are the results from the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS), which NASA intentionally crashed into the Moon’s south pole in 2009. Amidst the dust it kicked up researchers detected signs of real grains of water ice. Colaprete, LCROSS’s principle investigator, likens the ice shards in the soil to bits of sugar mixed in with coffee grounds. This kind of water may actually be the most accessible to astronauts. Ice vaporizes directly upon contact with the vacuum of space, so collecting water could prove as simple as stirring up the dirt and catching the resulting vapor with a tarp.

Radar data also hints at a third type of water buried a few feet underground—big blocks of ice-dirt mixtures. These chunks of lunar permafrost could be more than 15 percent water by weight, but frigid temperatures would freeze them harder than concrete, making them more demanding to excavate.

To make a three-dimensional map of all of the above, VIPER will head to the south pole, where the sun sits low enough in the lunar sky to keep many areas permanently sheltered in ice-friendly shade. Rolling up and down the gentle slopes of billion-year-old craters, where water has presumably had the most time to accumulate, the rover will sniff out hydrogen molecules using three different types of spectrometers. Two will constantly scan the surface for water byproducts while the third peers underground. When it finds an especially damp spot, VIPER will deploy a three-foot drill to bring bits of buried dust to the surface for further analysis.

Moon-bound NASA astronauts get nifty sleeping bags for snoozing in space

  Moon-bound NASA astronauts get nifty sleeping bags for snoozing in space NASA plans to send Artemis-mission astronauts to the moon and back by 2024. The multi-day journey means the crew will need to get comfy and stay rested while traveling. NASA's Orion team just showed us how they'll do it. The Orion Twitter account shared a look inside the spacecraft where four blue sleeping bags are arranged around the capsule. Four is the max number of crew members it's designed to hold. "Orion astronauts will be happy campers as they sleep under the stars 240,000 miles away from Earth," the Orion team tweeted.NASA doesn't just hang sleeping bags from REI inside a spacecraft.

New VIPER Lunar Rover to Map Water Ice on the Moon . NASA explain that because of its tilt, the Moon has permanently darkened regions where water ice can accumulate without being melted by Mama I'm a Criminal: NATO Allegedly Assigns New Reporting Name for Russia' s Su-57 Stealth Jet.

The VIPER rover ' s findings will help NASA choose where to send astronauts as part of the Artemis program aimed at putting humans back on the Before sending the first woman and next man to the Moon , NASA will send a golf cart-sized rover to the lunar south pole to search for sources of ice water.

Together, the rover’s instruments will produce a modest regional resource map spanning perhaps a dozen miles showing what kind of ice is where. If VIPER happens to strike gold, this map could be of direct use to future astronauts. But it will also form the basis of what Colaprete calls a “resource model”—a scientific theory predicting where water should exist and why. He loves the south pole because it packs a lot of different environments into a small space to explore, giving VIPER the best chance of collecting enough data to develop a model that will be valid across the moon. Mineral exploration on Earth, he says, works in a similarly predictive fashion: “We’re working very closely with the United States Geological Survey to actually bring the processes and techniques that they use to the moon.”

The resource model would be a multi-purpose data set for both explorers and scientists. It would come in handy for anyone looking to place an ice mine, but would also contain information about different types of particles in the ices that could distinguish between water delivered by comet, for instance, and water formed through interactions involving the solar wind.

VIPER represents a big step toward humans establishing a lasting presence on the moon. Still, it also underscores how such a presence will depend on a substantial but finite resource that took billions of years to develop. Porting mineral surveying and extraction technologies to the moon may help us get into space, but only by fully harnessing sustainability practices will we be able to stay.

ISS astronauts to test remote controlled rovers .
Moon and Mars rovers could someday be controlled from orbit.Currently, rovers are controlled by preprogrammed software that responds to commands sent from Earth by scientists, a process that involves lengthy delays. Researchers are looking for a better scientific return on rover missions.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 0
This is interesting!