Tech & Science Government seeking to prevent Terminator robots with ethical artificial intelligence
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Artificial intelligence should respect human rights, diversity and privacy — while being a far cry from Terminator-style robots — according to new federal ethics guidelines.
Technology Minister Karen Andrews will today release an eight-point guidance she wants companies to adopt in a bid to prevent people from being exploited.
The guidelines stipulate all AI should benefit individuals, society and the environment. It should prevent discrimination, respect privacy and only operate in accordance with their intended purpose.
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Margrethe Vestager, the European Commissioner for Competition, offered a highly optimistic assessment of AI's potential impact on society, saying she sees "no limit to how AI can support what we do as humans."Given the Dane's status as arguably the most aggressive regulator of big tech on the planet - she hit Google with a €4.3 billion ($US4.75 billion) fine in July 2018 and ordered Apple to pay Ireland back €13 billion ($US14.3 billion) in "illegal" tax benefits in 2016 - Vestager's optimism about AI could be viewed as surprising.
The guidelines also recommend human oversight of AI always be enabled and there should be timely processes to allow people to challenge the use or output of information.
"People do think of the Terminator when they think about artificial intelligence and robotics and those sorts of things," Ms Andrews said.
"But that's not what we should be doing with artificial intelligence. It [AI] is positive, it will help people in their daily lives."
Ms Andrews conceded that while AI would change jobs, she was adamant people shouldn't fear it putting them out of work.
She argued greater adoption of technology would give people opportunities to develop skills to better suit a future economy.
"It's important that we get the framework right for this because artificial intelligence can be quite scary to a lot of people," Ms Andrews said.
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MIT's Mini Cheetah robots are small quadrupedal robots capable of running, jumping, walking, and flipping. In a recently published video, the tiny bots can be seen roaming, hopping, and marching around a field and playing with a soccer ball. They're not consumer products, but MIT hopes that the Mini Cheetah's durable and modular design will make it an ideal tool for researchers. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. Boston Dynamics may have made a name for itself by posting videos of its surprisingly lifelike animal-themed robots, but don't count out the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
"They seem to think it's robots taking over the world, robots taking their job, that machines are going to be making the decision for them."
The guidelines also urge companies to ensure people know when they are engaging with and being "significantly impacted by an AI system".
The list of principles comes after Ms Andrews released an AI discussion paper in April.
That paper was developed in conjunction with the CSIRO and designed to create an environment that would allow Australians to have greater trust in how AI was designed, developed and used by businesses and governments.
The Government received 130 submissions to the discussion paper and then brought together academics and the business community to develop the ethics guidelines.
Telstra, Microsoft, NAB, Commonwealth Bank and Flamingo AI have agreed to test the eight points to see if they can be implemented in the real world.
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Ms Andrews said she hoped companies that were already using AI would review the guidelines and assess if they needed to make changes.
"We want to make sure that we're setting it up for the future," Ms Andrews said.
"There might well be many companies that have relied on principles that have been developed elsewhere around the world. What we wanted to do as a Government was look at what we could develop that was really targeted [and] focused on Australian needs."
Given the guidelines are voluntary, there are no consequences for businesses that fail to develop ethical AI.
"At this point, I'm not looking at bringing out the big stick that obviously sits there as a possibility but that would be a long way off before we got to that point," Ms Andrews said.
"I think there is a strong willingness at the early stages of artificial intelligence for businesses wanting to get it right so this should prove the framework that they need."
From 'Jeopardy' to poker to reading comprehension, robots have managed to beat humans in all of these contests in the past decade .
Thanks to leaps and bounds in the field of artificial intelligence in the past decade, robots are increasingly beating humans at our own games. AI-powered programs have proven their prowess at competitive games and academic tests alike throughout the past 10 years. Many advances in AI can't be quantified with competitions or challenges, but robots' victories at games ranging from Jeopardy to Dota show how far AI has come. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.
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