Tech & Science Research team to take fresh look at delicate artifacts
50 Years On, Where Are the Surveyor 3 Moon Probe Parts Retrieved by Apollo 12?
Fifty years ago, the Apollo 12 astronauts became the first space archaeologists, of a sort, retrieving parts from a robotic probe that preceded them to the surface of the moon. Half a century later, where have those Surveyor 3 artifacts ended up today? Apollo 12 crewmates Charles "Pete" Conrad and Alan Bean achieved the first precise lunar touchdown on Nov. 19, 1969, landing within walking distance of the Surveyor 3 spacecraft. On their second of two moonwalks, Conrad and Bean ventured over to the robotic probe, which by then had been on the moon for two and a half years."Hey, we got a nice brown Surveyor here ...
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — Sandals and baskets that have withstood the ravages of time will be among the perishable artifacts analyzed by a team of scientists looking to learn more about a corner of the southwestern United States that was first excavated decades ago.
They Wanted to Save Their 119-Year-Old Village. So They Got Rid of It.
There were allegations of suspicious political donations and rumors about fake social media accounts. Protesters wore T-shirts that said “Stop the tyranny!” At one point, a former official was escorted out of a public meeting in handcuffs.© Maddie McGarvey for The New York Times Residents celebrated the end of their village government at a victory party this month. For more than a year, the residents of Amelia, just outside of Cincinnati, have been consumed by a fiery debate over a proposal to impose a new local tax of just 1 percent.
Depending on what they uncover, officials are hopeful that the $200,000 grant from the U.S. Bureau of Land Management will lead to more research opportunities in the Guadalupe Mountains, which straddle the New Mexico-Texas line and are situated within one of the nation’s busiest oil and gas basins.
The University of New Mexico is partnering with the Lincoln National Forest, the University of Pennsylvania, the Western Archaeological and Conservation Center, the New Mexico Museum of Indian Arts and Culture, Guadalupe Mountains National Park and the Carlsbad Museum and Art Center.
Indigenous artefacts returned after decades in overseas museums
After decades in museums overseas, precious Indigenous ceremonial artefacts have been returned to their rightful owners in the Pilbara and KimberleysIt comes after the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) negotiated the return of the items with The University of Manchester's Museum in the UK and the Illinois State Museum in the US.
The team plans to use existing museum collections to build a time line of basket and sandal styles used by those who once inhabited the area. They also will take a new look at two rock shelter sites using new technologies, including a drone and photogrammetric mapping.
The project is spearheaded by Robert Dello-Russo and Alexander Kurota of the University of New Mexico’s Office of Contract Archaeology.
“This study will ensure meaningful consultation with, and self-determination for, the Native American tribes who claim ancestry with the Guadalupe Mountain region,” Dello-Russo said in a statement.
To save Everglades, guardians fight time -- and climate
FLAMINGO, Florida (AP) — Grabbing a clump of vegetation to steady herself, Tiffany Troxler gingerly slides her feet along the makeshift boardwalk as she ventures out into the marsh. The boards sag, dipping her up to her knees in the tea-colored water. “This is the treacherous part,” the Florida International University researcher says. “The water levels are up.” To a layman, this patch of brown-green saw grass and button mangrove deep inside Everglades National Park looks healthy enough, but Troxler knows trouble lurks just beneath the murky surface. She points to a clump of grass: Beneath the water line, the soil has retreated about a foot, leaving the root mass exposed.
No ceremonial artifacts will be subjected to any kind of analysis as part of the project, officials said.
The Guadalupe Mountains still represent an important spiritual sanctuary for the Mescalero Apache, a once nomadic Native American tribe now based in south-central New Mexico.
The Mescalero Apache harvested plants such as agave, sotol and bear grass. The agave’s fibers were used for ropes, blankets and sandals.
According to the Bureau of Land Management, excavations of Burnet’s Cave and Hermit’s Cave during the 1930s uncovered artifacts made of fiber, wood and feathers. They included sandals, baskets, ropes, fiber bundles and grass rings that are now part of museum collections.
Officials say most of the artifacts have not been examined since their excavation some 80 years ago, before the development of radiocarbon dating. The new analysis will allow the artifacts to be placed into more precise time periods.
2000-Year-Old Roman Tweezers and Metal Ear Swab Discovered in UK
At the site of the new Springhead Bridge in the UK, workers stumbled upon what appears to be tweezers and an ear cleaner dating back to the Roman Empire 2000 years ago.The artifacts were dug up by the Ebbsfleet Development Corporation at the location of the new Springhead Bridge in Ebbsfleet Garden City, a development in Kent. One small tool appears to be designed for pinching and plucking small items just like modern-day tweezers. The other object is thought to have been built for cleaning ears—but instead of cotton, the "swab" is made entirely of metal. They're thought to date back thousands of years, but scientific analysis will need to be done to determine the exact age.
The research will determine whether the perishable artifacts can be linked to farmers of the Formative era, which dates from 1000 BC to 500 A.D., or to hunter-gatherer communities stretching back thousands of years.
The researchers say the preservation of such perishable items is of utmost importance as they can provide invaluable knowledge about the daily lives of those who lived on the land long ago.
They’re hoping to answer questions about what native plants were used and whether certain weaving or construction techniques were favored at certain times.
Elsewhere across the Permian Basin, contracts have been awarded for other archaeological work, including surveys and limited excavation at 36 sites located in Salado Draw in southeastern New Mexico.
Officials say a number of prehistoric sites were found there — all discovered while surveying for oil and gas wells or pipelines. They believe human activity in the draw dates as far back as 12,000 B.C.
That work will include looking at pollen and charred plant materials found in hearths or roasting pits.
Boy oh boy! Twin male pandas charm Berlin zoo .
The cuteness level at Berlin Zoo doubled on Monday when a pair of twin panda cubs made their public debut, with the zoo revealing the cuddly bundles of fur were both boys. The little ones were born at the zoo on August 31 but in keeping with Chinese tradition they were only named after 100 days.
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