Tech & Science With its lunar mission, China is establishing itself as a space power

08:45  24 november  2020
08:45  24 november  2020 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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En juillet 2020, une fusée Longue-Marche 5 a été lancée sur mars dans le cadre de la mission Tianwen-1. © Noel CELIS / AFP In July 2020, a Long March 5 rocket was launched on Mars as part of the Tianwen-1 mission.

After the United States and Russia, China could become the third country to bring back samples from the Moon. By successfully launching its lunar probe on Monday evening, the country is achieving a technological feat that aims to prepare a manned mission.

In 40 years, this is the first time that a space agency has successfully launched a lunar probe. On Monday evening, a Longue-Marche 5 rocket lifted off at 4:30 a.m. Beijing (9:30 p.m. Monday French time) from the Wenchang Space Center on Hainan Island in the south of the country.

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The mission is “indeed challenging," but China has already landed twice on the moon with its If successful, it could be a blueprint for a Mars sample return or even a crewed lunar mission “ China is showing itself capable of developing and successfully carrying out sustained high-tech programs

In July, China launched its Tianwen-1 mission , marking the country’s first attempt to land a rover on Mars. NASA is hoping to create a permanent presence on and around the moon by building a space station it calls Gateway that would stay in lunar orbit and be used as a way station for astronauts and

As is often the case in Chinese space, there was no announcement. It was known that the Chang'e-5 mission would leave for the moon before the end of November, but no precise date had been officially given. It was upon seeing the Long March-5 rocket come out of its hangar on Tuesday, November 17, that the world became aware of the imminent takeoff.

Author of several books on China's space adventure, Philippe Coué, quoted by Le Monde, believes that "the goal of the mission is above all technological, as with most Chang'e missions. It's about showing that you have mastered the techniques. The steps are taken one after the other: I learned to circle the Moon with the Chang'e-1 and 2 orbiters, I learned to land and to roll a rover with Chang'e -3 and 4. And now I'm going to the next level, I'm learning to come back from the Moon ”.

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This is the first mission in four decades that will bring lunar samples to Earth. The probe is set to drill 7ft into The mission is 'indeed challenging', but China has already landed twice on the moon with its Chang'e-3 ' China is showing itself capable of developing and successfully carrying out sustained

program.2 Nevertheless, China ’s space program is a source of national pride, and its consistent high level of political support and funding ensures progress toward establishing itself as a space power .3 In 2003, China joined the United States and Russia as a member of the exclusive group of

Apollo mission without humans on board

Although the scientific and strategic capabilities of the country are still far from equaling those of the Americans, they are progressing very rapidly. Chang’e-5 is nothing more than a scaled-down Apollo mission - but with no humans on board.

With this mission, the Chinese are trying to meet two technical challenges: once the docking is done, the samples (approximately 2 kg) will be transferred to the third element, the re-entry capsule into the Earth's atmosphere. Then it will be necessary to travel the way back. If all goes well, in a few weeks the capsule will land somewhere in Inner Mongolia.

The scientific goal of the mission is not negligible, especially since it is coupled with a symbolic aspect: to become the third country to bring back lunar samples, after the United States and the USSR - the Soviet probe Luna-24 was the last, in 1976, to do so.

2019 year of the Chinese space program

2019 had crowned a landmark year for the Chinese space program. The agency had successfully sent a module to the far side of the Moon, never explored until now, as part of the Chang'e 4 mission. During the summer of 2020, a Long-March 5 rocket was sent to Mars: the probe will not arrive before 2021 because it will first have to travel seven months to reach the red planet, ie 1,400 times around the world. With this first independent attempt, China hopes to do almost everything the United States has achieved in several Mars missions since the 1960s.

With Monday night's shooting, which country has made the most launches last year (34, including 32 successful), ahead of the United States (27) is planning around forty this year.

China lands on moon in mission to collect samples from surface .
If the Chang’e-5 mission is successful, China will become third country after US and Russia to collect lunar material.The space agency said the probe had successfully landed on the near side of the moon and sent back images.

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This is interesting!