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WorldNotre Dame fire: Was the crown of thorns that survived the blaze THE crown of thorns?

12:52  18 april  2019
12:52  18 april  2019 Source:   abc.net.au

Notre Dame Fire: The Treasures Now At Risk From the Flames

Notre Dame Fire: The Treasures Now At Risk From the Flames As a fire rages at the great cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, France is mourning the destruction of one of the most prominent symbols of its national heritage—and Christians and art buffs the world over are lamenting the potential loss of a thousand years of history and faith. 

From the crucifixion of Jesus to the crumbling Latin Empire, the crown of thorns has (purportedly) withstood the test of time and now fire .

Along with the Crown of Thorns , Notre Dame housed a purported fragment of the True Cross, upon which Jesus is said to have been crucified, and an original nail that was Saint Denis is the patron saint of Paris, and a depiction of him preaching stood in the cathedral. Painting of St Thomas Aquinas.

Video provided by Sky News

Notre Dame fire: Was the crown of thorns that survived the blaze THE crown of thorns?

Notre Dame fire: Was the crown of thorns that survived the blaze THE crown of thorns? © Reuters: Philippe Wojazer French Archbishop Patrick Chauvet holds the crown of thorns. So it should come as little surprise that a fire that threatened to destroy the centuries-old Notre Dame cathedral where the religious relic was housed was unable to cement its demise.

But as authorities count the cost of the treasure trove of historic and religious artefacts lost to Tuesday's blaze, some have questioned how Parisians even got their hands on a relic purported to have originated in first-century Judea.

Crown of Thorns saved from Notre Dame fire

Crown of Thorns saved from Notre Dame fire The Notre Dame cathedral in Paris is home to ancient relics held sacred by Catholics, and as the structure burned on Monday, there were fears that all of the irreplaceable items inside might be destroyed. By late Monday, police announced that the fire was under control, and Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo shared some good news: The Crown of Thorns, a relic believed to have been worn by Jesus Christ, was safe, along with the Tunic of Saint Louis. She also said several pieces of artwork made it out unscathed, but did not specify which pieces. © Phillipe Lopez/AFP/Getty Images The Crown of Thorns.

According to three of the Gospels, a woven crown of thorns was placed on the head of Jesus during the events leading up to the crucifixion of Jesus.

The Crown of Thorns , regarded as Notre Dame 's most sacred relic Authorities consider the fire an accident, possibly as a result of restoration work at the global architectural treasure that survived almost 900 years of tumultuous French history but was devastated in the blaze on the second day of

So what is the significance of the crown of thorns to the story of Easter? Where does it come from? And can we be sure it's actually the real deal?

The crown finds its roots in early Christianity For those more spiritually inclined, according to three of the four canonical Gospels, a woven crown of thorns was placed on the head of Jesus in the lead-up to his crucifixion (this was sometime between AD 30-33).

The crown is considered one of the Instruments of the Passion (otherwise known as Arma Christi) — objects associated with Jesus's Passion in Christian symbolism and art — and was employed by his captors to mock his claim of authority and cause pain.

"And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand," the Gospel of Matthew says (King James Version translation).

The hero who saved the Crown of Thorns: Fire brigade chaplain entered flaming Notre Dame to recover holy relic - three years after he bravely helped Bataclan terror victims

The hero who saved the Crown of Thorns: Fire brigade chaplain entered flaming Notre Dame to recover holy relic - three years after he bravely helped Bataclan terror victims Jean-Marc Fournier, chaplain of the Paris Fire Brigade, saved the Blessed Sacrament and the Crown of Thorns from the blazing Notre Dame cathedral on Monday night.

Most of the Notre Dame Cathedral’s treasures were saved after a massive fire . This includes its most sacred relic, the Crown of Thorns , which many believe

The Crown of Thorns for one. It was saved from the fire . Thankfully, the crown of thorns – and some of the cathedral’s other relics – survived the fire that partially destroyed the Although the cause is still under investigation, authorities suspect the blaze was an accident that might be linked to

"And they bowed the knee and mocked him, saying, 'Hail, King of the Jews!'"

The relic is further referenced by the Church fathers — ancient and influential Christian theologians and writers — and has become synonymous with artistic interpretations of the Passion.

It's a while before it turns up

Notre Dame fire: Was the crown of thorns that survived the blaze THE crown of thorns? © Reuters: Philippe Wojazer The Holy Crown of Thorns is displayed during a ceremony at Notre Dame. Texts dating back to about AD 530 claim the crown was on show in the "Basilica of Mount Zion" — a hill in Jerusalem just outside the walls of the Old City — where it was believed to have been venerated for some time.

Then things get a little bit trickier to trace.

At some point over the next couple of hundred years, the crown was transferred to Byzantium (an ancient Greek colony), where several thorns were removed.

Justinian the Great, the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, purportedly gave a thorn to Saint Germain, the Bishop of Paris.

Police question Notre Dame workers

Police question Notre Dame workers Parisians and tourists have flocked to the River Seine to grieve the devastation caused by the fire as authorities warn about the safety of the church's structure.

The Crown of Thorns , which is considered Paris’s equivalent of the Crown Jewels, is stored at the end of Dramatic drone pictures show the devastation caused by the savage blaze which has already laid Notre Dame fire - This is the moment the Spire collapses as blaze breaks out at the cathedral.

“ Notre Dame ’s treasury, which included, for example, the crown of thorns and the tunic of Saint Louis, is safe in Paris City Hall,” said Franck That includes the church bells — the largest of which date to 1681 and survived the French Revolution. It had been rung at important moments in French history

Some years later, Irene of Athens, a Byzantine empress, sent Charles the Great (the Holy Roman Emperor) several thorns to be kept in Aachen.

Then, like a blender given to you at Christmas, they were re-gifted.

Charles the Bald (who was purportedly excessively hairy) and Hugh the Great (not to be confused with Hugh the OK) were among the litany of recipients.

Eventually, thorns found their way to Malmesbury Abbey in England and Andechs Abbey in Germany.

Slowly but surely, the crown (or at least part of it) made its way to Europe.

It's a long story as to how France got it

But the TL;DR of it is this: the Latin Emperor of Constantinople realised he was a bit of a Neville No Friends and used it to try and buy support.

In 1238, Baldwin II offered the crown to Louis IX, the King of France, to gain backing for his tottering empire.

It ended up in the hands of the Venetians for a while as security for a heavy loan but inevitably found its way back to Paris.

King Louis XI commissioned the Sainte-Chapelle to house it, where it stayed until the French Revolution when it was deposited in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame.

Global competition to design new Notre Dame spire

Global competition to design new Notre Dame spire The French prime minister has announced an international architects' competition to rebuild the spire of Notre Dame Cathedral. Edouard Philippe revealed the bold new future plans for the famous church after a special Cabinet meeting held by French President Emmanuel Macron, focusing on the reconstruction of the cathedral. Philippe said the competition would aim at "giving Notre Dame a spire adapted to technologies and challenges of our times." He said authorities had no estimate yet of the total cost of the renovation work. Macron said Tuesday he wants the cathedral to be rebuilt in five years.

The Cathedral's most valuable relic - the Crown of Thorns - could be destroyed in the blaze at Notre Dame Cathedral.

The Crown of Thorns , a relic of Jesus Christ, on display in the Notre Dame Cathedral. Picture: Philippe LopezSource:AFP. Authorities feared the stone walls of the church and the amount of oxygen that could feed the fire could cause the temperatures inside the cathedral to be very high, creating a

And that's where it had been ever since... until this week.

The Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, says it's now in a "safe place" along with the tunic of Saint Louis and several other major works.

Not all Christians accept the historicity of relics, however

Notre Dame fire: Was the crown of thorns that survived the blaze THE crown of thorns? Indeed, John Calvin, a key figure in the Protestant Reformation, was very much against them.

He published his Treatise on Relics in 1543 in which he argued the veneration of relics had become idolatry. He also pointed out there was no mention of the keeping of the relics of Christ or anyone else in the earliest church writings.

Professor Euan Cameron from Union Theological Seminary in New York summarised the difficulties with relics in his book Interpreting Christian History:

"The deliberate avoidance of anything savouring of idolatry in the early church made it most unlikely that any such relics would have been kept in the first place.

"Then there was the problem that so many relics existed in multiple versions across Europe: one saint might have up to four full bodies dispersed in various places, besides body parts dispersed here and there."

Professor Cameron noted that most relics began to be exhibited in the late Middle Ages, and often had telltale markers of that period.

His conclusion was that most, if not all, had to be forgeries.

Mystery man in viral photo taken hour before Notre Dame Cathedral fire identified

Mystery man in viral photo taken hour before Notre Dame Cathedral fire identified The photo was shared Monday with thousands of retweets searching for the mystery man.

The safety of Crown of Thorns , as the cathedral's "most precious and most venerated relic," in the words of Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo, was of chief concern. According to the Guardian, the tunic of Saint Louis and the True Cross and Holy Nails have all survived the blaze .

The fire that destroyed two-thirds of the roof of the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris on Monday did more than damage a beloved historic landmark: It also endangered the vast collection of Christian relics and artwork housed both within the building and on its grounds.

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