WorldViolence Against Women in El Salvador Is Driving Them to Suicide — Or to the U.S. Border
Guardians of the Galaxy star set for James Gunn's The Suicide Squad
Swapping Marvel for DC?
It’s hard to grasp the scale of El Salvador’s problem with gender violence. In the Central American country of just six million people, one woman was the victim of a femicide — a man murdering of a woman or girl because of her gender — every 24 hours in 2018. That’s one of the worst rates of femicide in the world, according to the United Nations.
Sixty-seven percent of Salvadoran women have suffered some form of violence in their lifetime, including sexual assault, intimate partner violence and abuse by family members, a 2017 national survey found. But only 6% of victims had reported abuse to authorities. (In the U.S., more than half of domestic violence incidents are believed to be reported to police, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics.) Advocates say many fear repercussions for speaking out, aren’t able to access public services to report, or simply don’t consider violent treatment unusual.
'Will you keep women safe?' Man whose sister was butchered by her jealous husband pens emotional letter to Scott Morrison begging for an end to Australia's domestic violence crisis
Tarang Chawla's sister Nikita, 23, was stabbed 35 times by her husband Parminder Singh, 30, in Melbourne in 2015. The domestic violence awareness advocate penned an emotive letter to the newly re-elected prime minister imploring him to place a stronger emphasis on keeping women safe in his new term as the nation's leader. 'Congratulations on your election victory. You are quite the miracle worker. I wrote to you because you believe in miracles. I do too,' Mr Chawla wrote.
“El Salvador is a country with so much gang violence, so much brutality, so many murders, that nobody pays attention to violence against women,” says Almudena Toral, a filmmaker who traveled with reporter Patricia Clarembaux to report on the situation for TIME and Univision. There were 51 murders for every 100,000 inhabitants in 2018, the second highest in Latin America after crisis-stricken Venezuela. “It’s invisible in this huge ocean of violence.”
From September 2018, Toral and Clarembaux followed María, a woman seeking asylum in the U.S. after a lifetime of gender-based violence in El Salvador. When she was 12, a gang member forced her to become his girlfriend. Three years later, having had two of his children and faced constant abuse and death threats, María attempted suicide, nearly becoming a victim of a crime El Salvador calls “femicide suicide.”
Queensland Government complains to Press Council over Palaszczuk 'crosshairs' image
An image of Queensland Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk "in crosshairs" on the Sunshine Coast Daily's front page prompts the State Government to complain to the Australian Press Council.
El Salvador is the only country in the world with a law against “femicide suicide” — the crime of driving a woman or girl to suicide by abusing them. The law, enacted in 2012 as part of broader legislation seeking to curb violence against women, is a striking recognition by the government of the psychological damage suffered by victims and the need to hold perpetrators accountable. According to government statistics, 51 of the 285 femicides that occurred in the first six months of 2018 were suicides. The majority of cases affect women and girls under 24.
Impunity remains an obstacle in a country where prosecutors live in fear of retaliation from perpetrators of violence. According to the U.N., only a quarter of femicide cases make it to court and only 7% result in convictions. And, since the femicide-suicide law came in, only 60 cases have been investigated and only one has resulted in charges. “There are good laws, and good intentions from prosecutors,” Toral says. “But there’s also a lot of corruption, a failure to report, a lack of resources. You have to ask, in the end how much are laws worth on their own?”
Australia election triggers refugee suicide attempts
At least four refugees in Australia's offshore Pacific camps have attempted suicide since the conservative government's shock re-election Saturday, according to refugees, advocates and police.
The reasons for El Salvador’s gender-based violence are complex, Clarembaux says. Women face violence from male family members, who often have authority over them in the Catholic country’s patriarchal social structure. El Salvador’s violent gang culture also plays a key role in the abuse of women. “Gang members see women as sexual objects,” Clarembaux says, noting that women are often dragged into conflicts, “despite not being allowed to have important, decision-making roles in the gang, like decision-making.” María, for example, was initially forced into her relationship because her brother owed her partner a gun.
El Salvador’s gang problem has its roots in the United States. From the start of the country’s civil war in 1980, hundreds of thousands of Salvadorans fled to the U.S. Some got involved with gangs in Los Angeles and formed the notorious MS-13. When the civil war ended after 12 years, leaving the economy in ruins, infrastructure destroyed and 75,000 people dead, the U.S. deported almost 4,000 gang members with criminal records back to El Salvador.
One in seven young people think men can force sex if a woman changes her mind
The NCAS Youth Report has revealed many Australians aged 16-24 have disturbing beliefs in relation to sexual assault and abusive relationships.
The country’s institutions, depleted by the war, weren’t strong enough to control the gang activity. “You deport that many gang members back to a post civil war society where nothing works, where everything has to be rebuilt, where there’s chaos,” Toral says. “Then obviously it’s going to fuel the violence now.” By 2018, MS-13 was active in 94 per cent of El Salvador’s 262 municipalities.
Today violence against women and femicide are major factors driving Salvadorans to the U.S. again. In 2016, 65,000 women attempted to seek asylum in the U.S. after fleeing gender-based violence in the El Salvador and its neighbors Honduras and Guatemala, which together make up a region known as the Northern Triangle. María joined their ranks in 2018 and U.S. authorities granted her permission to apply for asylum in the U.S. after she passed a “credible fear” test.
But she still faces uncertainty. Only around a quarter of the 23,563 credible fear cases where a migrant filed for asylum ended with them being granted that protection in 2018, according to federal data. If María is not granted asylum and loses an appeal, she could be deported back to El Salvador.
Salvadoran women are at the center of the Trump Administration’s efforts to overhaul the U.S. immigration and asylum systems. Last year, then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions tried to override a 2014 precedent that allows women to use domestic violence and persecution by gangs as a reason to apply for asylum, using the case of a Salvadoran woman known as A–B. In December, a federal judge ruled there was “no legal basis” for the decision, but Human Rights Watch says A-B’s case remains “in limbo” and that thousands of women in similar situations may be drawn into legal battles over their status.
In early 2018 President Donald Trump attempted to cancel Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for Salvadorans, paving the way to deport some 200,000 people back to El Salvador, many of whom have been putting down roots in the U.S. since the early 2000’s. Though a federal judge blocked the order, and Salvadorans are currently covered by TPS until January 2020, their future in the U.S. remains uncertain.
Perhaps most worrying for women in El Salvador in the long term, on March 29, Trump announced he was cutting $500 million in aid to El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras over their failure to stem migration flows to the U.S. Critics say the decision will undermine recent progress on violence against women and other violent crime in El Salvador, driving even more people to flee the country.
Whatever the Trump administration’s intention with these policies, as long as they face widespread violence at home, Clarembeaux says women will continue making the journey north. “They only do this because they have no choice,” she says. “They want to be safe.”
Half of Australian men think women make up rape claims to 'get back' at them - and some think it's OK to force sex on women if they initially say yes before changing their mind.
Almost half of Australian men think women make up sexual assault claims to 'get back' at them. One in seven (14 per cent) young people think women often make false allegations of sexual assault. 'One in seven young Australians believe a man would be justified to force sex if the woman initiated it, but then changed her mind and pushed him away,' the report said. Lead researcher Dr Anastasia Powell said many young people, particularly men, blamed women for sexual assault and failed to fully understand consent.
Femicide, Part 1: Honduras, one of the most dangerous places to be a woman | ABC News
Miss Honduras Maria Jose Alvarado became a tragic symbol of gender-based violence after she was killed, but many Honduran women live in fear of being ...
76 Immigrants, Including Children, Packed into Tractor-Trailer: Border Patrol
76 undocumented immigrants were found in the back of a tractor trailer in what border patrol agents say was an attempt to smuggle them into the U.S. Authorities ...
Mother is accidentally killed by her two-year-old daughter after she closed BMW window by pressing...Friday, 13 september 2019
Yulia Sharko, 21, from Staroe Selo, Belarus was removing her daughter from the front seat of their family BMW when the girl accidentally pressed an automatic window switch, crushing her […]
Monday, 16 september 2019
An angler had a big surprise when he accidentally reeled in a "weird, dinosaur-like" fish. © Other Oscar Lundahl pictured with the strange looking ratfish. Pic BNPS Oscar Lundahl is believed to have nearly jumped out of his boat when he saw on the end of his line the strange-looking […]
Saturday, 14 september 2019
Daiana Andreas Rivera, 33, lashed out at officers in Terminal 2 at Heathrow Airport. She was reported by other travellers for being drunk and disorderly in the Flying Chariot Wetherspoon's […]
Friday, 13 september 2019
At a glance, Jerusalem’s Holy Basin still looks pretty much as it must have looked centuries ago. The Old City’s yellow walls still read in silhouette against an ancient landscape of parched hills and valleys. The skyline is still dominated by the city’s great Muslim and Christian […]
Sunday, 15 september 2019
Mr Cameron, whose son Ivan (pictured) suffered from a rare neurological disorder, said he can 'hardly bear to remember' those dark times. 'Nothing, absolutely nothing, can prepare you for the reality of losing your darling boy this way', he wrote. He said his wife Samantha - 'the mother […]
Sunday, 15 september 2019
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo blamed Iran for coordinated strikes on the heart of Saudi Arabia’s oil industry, saying they marked an unprecedented attack on the world’s energy […]
Friday, 13 september 2019
A devoted dad turned detective is hunting his daughters killers in Mozambique after a bungled investigation by local authorities. Elly Warren was just about to return from a marine diving and volunteering program in the town of Tofo in the African country. But the 20-year-old was found […]
Friday, 13 september 2019
Henri Lusaka maintains he is innocent of the murder of his wife Jennifer Downes, a United Nations development worker and the mother of their three young […]