World: 'Islamic State' children: How do they get home? - - PressFrom - Australia
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World 'Islamic State' children: How do they get home?

04:05  15 october  2019
04:05  15 october  2019 Source:   bbc.com

Turkey launches airstrike after US confirms withdrawal

  Turkey launches airstrike after US confirms withdrawal Fears a US withdrawal from Syria will leave Kurdish fighters exposed to Turkish invasion have materialised amid reports of an airstrike by Ankara. Turkish combat aircraft carried out an airstrike against a Kurdish and Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) military base in Syria's Hasakah province, local media reports. It came after US President Donald Trump defended a decision to withdraw American troops from northern Syria, saying it was too costly to keep supporting US allied, Kurdish-led forces in the region fighting Islamic State militants.https://twitter.

The case of three children believed to be from the UK, trapped in Syria after their parents joined the " Islamic State group" and subsequently died, has raised questions about how they can be repatriated. The children , Amira, Heba and Hamza, were featured in a recent BBC report from a Syrian camp for

The children , whose parents were Islamic State members, are at the centre of an international Several hundred of these children are known to have returned to their home countries since. What are countries doing to get them back? Very few foreign children have been repatriated so far.

a group of people looking at a bag of luggage: Around 70,000 women and children are being held in the al-Hol camp, the largest in northern Syria.© Getty Images Around 70,000 women and children are being held in the al-Hol camp, the largest in northern Syria. The case of three children believed to be from the UK, trapped in Syria after their parents joined the "Islamic State group" and subsequently died, has raised questions about how they can be repatriated.

The children, Amira, Heba and Hamza, were featured in a recent BBC report from a Syrian camp for the families of IS fighters.

So what's the procedure for repatriating them - and what are the difficulties?

Diplomatic access

The camps in northern Syria holding IS families are currently controlled by Kurdish-led forces whose leaders have repeatedly asked European countries to take back their nationals.

Pentagon won’t take over Islamic State prisons if U.S.-allied Kurdish forces withdraw, officials say

  Pentagon won’t take over Islamic State prisons if U.S.-allied Kurdish forces withdraw, officials say The U.S. military does not have the forces or mandate to guard militant prisons in Syria if a Turkish offensive creates a security gap, they said.Kurdish officials said that guards were still in place at the more than 20 prisons and camps under their control but were prepared to move, raising the possibility that about 11,000 militants and their families could escape.

"Legally binding targets to protect and restore nature at home are welcome, but around the world our forests are burning and wildlife is being wiped out." ' Islamic State ' children : How do they get home ? Future: Why Japan is having a street food revival. The day that millions of Americans marched.

A police officer then pulled them over, told them they were in the US state of Washington and arrested them . The couple have detailed the "scariest experience of our entire lives" in a sworn statement that was provided to BBC News by their lawyer. ' Islamic State ' children : How do they get home ?

Many countries have been reluctant to readmit IS supporters both because of public opinion and legal issues.

Foreign nationals abroad are entitled to some form of consular assistance and this would normally require direct contact with those being held in the camps.

However, this is complicated by the fact that many countries have closed their embassies in Syria.

Some countries have also made clear that they believe it's too dangerous to send their officials into a war zone.

As the conflict escalates in northern Syria, the levels of insecurity in and around the camps makes this an increasing problem.

Australia said recently it wouldn't take the risk of sending in people to rescue children.

"It is a very dangerous area. We will not be endangering the lives of other Australians. It's that simple," said Foreign Minister Linda Reynolds.

Trump says US secured 'most dangerous' IS fighters in Syria

  Trump says US secured 'most dangerous' IS fighters in Syria US President Donald Trump said Wednesday that particularly dangerous Islamic State group fighters held by the Kurds in northeast Syria had been removed to US custody ahead of a Turkish attack Wednesday. "We are taking some of the most dangerous ISIS fighters out and we're putting them in different locations where it's secure," Trump said, using an acronym for the Islamic State group. "We have taken a certain number of ISIS fighters who are particularly bad and we've wanted to make sure nothing happened to them with respect to getting out," he said.

"The energy comes from knowing we are not coming back to this, from being ever present because you know this is the day to get this done and that's the substitute to an audience for me," he says. ' Islamic State ' children : How do they get home ? Future: Why Japan is having a street food revival.

Child and adolescent mental-health services and psychiatric units for adults had also deteriorated. Inspectors said too many were being looked after by staff who lacked the skills, training and experience to support people with complex needs. ' Islamic State ' children : How do they get home ?

Establishing the right to return

If diplomatic officials do succeed in establishing contact, the next stage is to establish the legal parenthood and nationality of the child.

But this can be complicated if

  • the parents' identity documents no longer exist
  • the child was born to parents from two different nationalities
  • the child is an orphan with no adult established as a legal guardian
  • there is no access to DNA testing facilities to establish parenthood

In the UK, very few foreign children have been repatriated - or at least recorded as having been returned.

In a report in July, King's College's International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation said only four children had returned to the UK, but also pointed out that this figure might not accurately represent the true number.

In February, the then UK Home Secretary, Sajid Javid, told parliament he had sympathy for innocent children caught up in a war zone.

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Asked as to how her own personal opinion of the prime minister has changed, Ms Wilson-Raybould prefers to demur. She says she may talk about it publicly one day, but for now, she just has the ' Islamic State ' children : How do they get home ? Future: Why Japan is having a street food revival.

I'm still getting the pain today." Image copyright Getty Images. Image caption Vaping is seen as safer than smoking because lower levels of the harmful chemicals found in tobacco smoke are produced. ' Islamic State ' children : How do they get home ? Future: Why Japan is having a street food revival.

But he added: "If we were to do more to try to rescue these children, we have to think about what risk that places on future children in the UK and the risk that they may be taken out to war zones by their parents."

In the case of Shamima Begum, who was deprived of UK citizenship to prevent her return, the government indicated that her child born earlier this year would remain British.

But the child died in a Syrian refugee camp when he was less than three weeks old.

Afterwards, the UK government said it would have been too dangerous to send officials into the camp where Shamima Begum was detained to bring the child out.

Repatriation to other countries

a person walking down a dirt road© Getty Images A number of children have been repatriated from other countries.

Russia has brought back between 145 and 200 on organised flights.

Several central Asian states have also taken back children.

In May, Kazakhstan organised the return of more than 230 of its citizens - most of them children - from camps in Syria.

Austria agreed to take back two orphaned children recently following DNA tests and a court ruling on who would take custody of the children once they returned.

Germany has also taken back children, as have France, Belgium, Sweden and Norway.

These cases usually require much co-ordination involving the Kurdish-led forces controlling the camps, as well as others who might be needed to facilitate the logistics, such as the Iraqi government, the Red Cross and other international agencies.

Bringing Australians home from Syria will only end in 'regrettable' outcomes: Home Affairs boss .
In a bleak and candid assessment of the possibility of removing Australian women and children trapped in Syria, the head of the Home Affairs department tells Senate Estimates it would have been better if they had never gone in the first place. © Provided by Australian Broadcasting Corporation Australian women stranded in the al-Hawl camp in Syria. (Four Corners) "All of the outcomes are unattractive, high-risk and regrettable and it would it would have been much better, of course, for certain adults not to have made certain decisions to travel," he said.

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