World Adel Abdul Mahdi, an Iraqi prime minister 'doomed to fail'

23:15  01 december  2019
23:15  01 december  2019 Source:   aljazeera.com

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However, Makki said the prime minister had failed to both improve the Iraqi economy and "rein in" the powerful PMF, which have extensive influence in the country's politics. Therefore, "he was doomed to fail ", Seloom said. Although Abdul Mahdi 's departure is unlikely to usher in a new political system

Iraqi Prime Minister Mahdi to resign amid protests. The announcement broadcast on state television came as Iraq 's top Shiite cleric, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, said in his Friday sermon that parliament, which put Abdul Mahdi in power, should "reconsider its options.''

Iraq's parliament on Sunday accepted the resignation of embattled Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi after weeks of huge protests demanding better economic conditions and an overhaul of the country's political system.

The 77-year-old announced on Friday his decision to step down after Iraq's top Shia leader Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani urged lawmakers to withdraw support for the government over its handling of demonstrations in which some 400 people have been killed by security forces since early October.

Abdul Mahdi will now remain as caretaker until a new prime minister is chosen - a process that in the past has dragged on for months.

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Adil Abdul - Mahdi al-Muntafiki (Arabic: عادل عبد المهدي المنتفكي‎, born 1 January 1942) is an Iraqi politician who was a former Prime Minister of Iraq , from October 2018 to December 2019.

Abdul Mahdi , a compromise candidate, edged out as prime minister the US favourite and incumbent leader, Haidar al-Abadi , and Iran’s two options, the former prime minister Nouri al-Maliki, and Hadi al-Ameri. Successive Iraqi governments have failed to address enduring issues, which were largely

Abdul Mahdi was thrust into the job a little over a year ago after inconclusive elections led to weeks of political deadlock.

At the time, he was seen as the compromise candidate of Muqtada al-Sadr, a populist Shia leader heading parliament's largest bloc, and Hadi al-Amiri, who leads a coalition of Iranian-backed militias known as Hashd al-Shaabi, or Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF) as well as the Fatah parliamentary bloc. Iraq's ethnic Kurdish parties also supported him.

Abdul Mahdi inherited a country reeling from a devastating war against the Islamic State in Iraq and Levant (ISIL or ISIS) armed group, which in 2014 controlled one third of Iraqi territory.

Even though ISIL was eventually defeated in 2017, the country's infrastructure had been largely laid to waste after decades of near-constant conflict, including a United States-led invasion, and international sanctions.

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Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi says he will present his resignation to parliament. His offer to step down comes a day after 40 people were killed in the latest clashes between security forces and anti-government protesters.

NAJAF, Iraq — Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi of Iraq submitted his resignation to Parliament on Saturday and planned to ask lawmakers in a televised national address to act quickly to replace him. But Mr. Mahdi ’s formal resignation may not spell the end of the turmoil that has racked the nation over

For decades, Iraq was a one-party state ruled with an iron fist by Saddam Hussein's Baath party.

This changed after the US-led invasion in 2003 that toppled Hussein and the subsequent establishment of a political system that divided government branches and top official positions using a quota system based on ethnic and religious affiliations.

But for many Iraqis, this system allowed certain individuals and groups to steadily enrich themselves and expand their influence - while much of the oil-rich country's population continued to endure severe economic hardship and low living standards.

For two months now, anger over unemployment, poor public services and rampant corruption has prompted tens of thousands of people in Baghdad and across southern Iraq to pour onto the streets, directing their ire not only at the government but the entire political class.

Iraqi prime minister says he will resign - statement

  Iraqi prime minister says he will resign - statement Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi said on Friday he would offer his resignation to parliament to allow lawmakers to choose a new government, in a move that follows weeks of violent anti-government protests. Abdul Mahdi's decision came in response to a call for a change of leadership on Friday by Iraq's top Shi'ite Muslim cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, his office said in a statement."In response to this call, and in order to facilitate it as quickly as possible, I will present to parliament a demand (to accept) my resignation from the leadership of the current government," said the statement, signed by Abdul Mahdi.

Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi said Friday he would submit his resignation to parliament as the government faces nearly two-months of The 88-year-old spiritual leader of Iraqi Shiites warned in his sermon of civil war after a deadly day of violence in which security forces shot dead 40 people in

The Abdul Mahdi government is the current government of Iraq , headed by Prime Minister Adil Abdul - Mahdi . It was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018 and followed

The outburst of indignation has been met with a harsh response by the security forces, who have been found to have used excessive force and live fire to quell the demonstrations.

At the start of the unrest, Abdul Mahdi said there was "no magic solution" to Iraq's problems, adding that progress would require time. He later moved to assuage demonstrators by offering a range of concessions, including a cabinet reshuffle and a reform package.

The measures, however, failed to appease protesters.

"Iraqis are demanding the end of the current sectarian and ethnic-based political system that was established by the US occupation forces after they invaded Iraq," said Liqa Makki, an Iraqi political analyst.

Makki argued that Abdul Mahdi might be a product of the post-2003 political system but he should not be held responsible for all of Iraq's woes, given his short time in office.

However, Makki said the prime minister had failed to both improve the Iraqi economy and "rein in" the powerful PMF, which have extensive influence in the country's politics.

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Protesters in Iraq have won their first big success by forcing the resignation of the Iraqi prime minister , Adel Abdul - Mahdi , after the killing The announcement that the prime minister was stepping down came after 36 hours in which the security forces had switched from killing individual demonstrators to

Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi announced his resignation on Friday after the country's top Shi'ite Muslim cleric called for lawmakers to reconsider their support for a government rocked by weeks of deadly anti-establishment unrest. "In response to this call, and in order to facilitate it as quickly as

Abdul Mahdi's resignation appears certain to end his five-decade political career that in recent years saw him holding several ministerial jobs and the post of vice presidency.

But despite this experience, Muhanad Seloom, an assistant professor of security studies at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies, said Abdul Mahdi still "lacked the governing and statesmanship skills necessary to rule a diverse and unstable country like Iraq, especially in the post-war years".

Seloom described him as an inherently weak leader due to being a compromise prime minister without having his own parliamentary bloc to support him.

Therefore, "he was doomed to fail", Seloom said.

Although Abdul Mahdi's departure is unlikely to usher in a new political system, as many demonstrators demand, "his resignation, especially after the killing of scores of Iraqi protesters, will cast him as individually responsible for the failures of the entire Iraqi governing system," said Ihsan al-Shammri, the head of the Center for Political Thought and Studies, a think-tank based in Baghdad.

"But that's not entirely the case," he added.

"Abdul Mahdi is a casualty of the same dysfunctional political system that brought him to power in the first place."

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