World History of planes brought down by missiles since 1973

04:55  10 january  2020
04:55  10 january  2020 Source:   aljazeera.com

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If a doomed Ukrainian passenger plane was shot down in Iran on Wednesday, as American officials believe, it would join a long list of civilian aircraft brought down by fire. The crash site of the Ukrainian plane in Tehran, Iran.Credit Arash Khamooshi for The New York Times.

For airliners brought down by gunfire or missile attacks rather than terrorist bombings or sabotage, see List of airliner shootdown incidents. There has been speculation that the plane was brought down by a bomb; one theory is that a convicted criminal tricked another man into boarding in his

Ruhollah Khomeini, Khawaja Saad Rafique standing in front of a crowd: Mourners carry coffins through the streets of Tehran during a mass funeral after the warship USS Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flt. 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people on board [AP]© [AP] Mourners carry coffins through the streets of Tehran during a mass funeral after the warship USS Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flt. 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people on board [AP]

US President Donald Trump on Thursday said he had "suspicions" about the cause of the Ukrainian Airlines Boeing 747 crash outside Tehran on Wednesday.

Britain and Canada meanwhile said they had received information suggesting the doomed Flight PS752 with 176 passengers, many of them Iranians with dual nationalities, was hit by an Iranian missile.

Iran has invited the US National Transportation Safety Board to take part in its investigation into the crash, and the agency has agreed to assign an investigator, an Iranian official.

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If a plane was badly damaged, but managed to land, the USAF did not count as a loss, even if it was too During the Vietnam war, the Soviet Union delivered 95 S-75 systems and 7,658 missiles to the Vietnamese. According to the Vietnamese, 31% were shot down by S-75 missiles (1,046 aircraft

In the history of commercial aviation, there have been many airliner shootdown incidents which have been caused intentionally or by accident.

"The NTSB has replied to our chief investigator and has announced an accredited representative," Farhad Parvaresh, Iran's representative at the International Civil Aviation Organization, part of the United Nations, told Reuters.

Here is a recap of other planes hit by missiles over the past four decades.

Ukraine: 298 killed

July 17, 2014: Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is shot down over rebel-held eastern Ukraine en route to Kuala Lumpur from Amsterdam.

All 298 people aboard the Boeing 777 are killed, including 193 Dutch nationals.

The Kiev authorities and separatist pro-Russian rebels, who are battling for control of eastern Ukraine, accuse each other of firing the missile that downed the flight.

In 2019, Dutch prosecutors named four suspects in the attack, including three members of the Russian armed forces.

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Iran Air Flight 655 was a scheduled passenger flight from Tehran to Dubai via Bandar Abbas, that was shot down on 3 July 1988 by an SM-2MR surface-to-air missile fired from USS Vincennes

The missile attack on the plane Monday was believed to be the first Syrian attack on an aircraft in Israeli air space since the 1973 war, and it was After repeated threats to destroy the missiles by force, Israel became embroiled in a battle across the border with Palestinian guerrillas, who shelled

On July 17, 2014, a Malaysian airliner was brought down over eastern Ukraine killing all 295 people on board [File: Maxim Zmeyev/Reuters]

Somalia: 11 killed

March 23, 2007: An Ilyushin II-76 cargo aircraft belonging to a Belarusian airline is shot down by a rocket shortly after takeoff from the Somalian capital Mogadishu, killing 11 people.

The plane was transporting Belarusian engineers and technicians who had travelled to the country to repair another plane hit by a missile two weeks earlier.

Black Sea: 78 killed

October 4, 2001: 78 people, mostly Israelis, were killed when their Russian Sibir Tupolev-154, flying from Tel Aviv to Novosibirsk, exploded in mid-flight over the Black Sea.

The crash happened less than 300 kilometres (186 miles) from the Crimean coast.

A week later Kiev admitted that the disaster was due to the accidental firing of a Ukrainian missile.

Iran: 290 killed

July 3, 1988: An Airbus A-300 belonging to Iran Air, flying from Bandar Abbas in Iran to Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, was shot down in Iran's territorial waters in the Persian Gulf shortly after take-off by two missiles fired from a frigate, USS Vincennes, patrolling the Strait of Hormuz, apparently mistaking it for a fighter aircraft.

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When civilian planes are shot down . • Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 -- On February 21, 1973 , 108 of 113 people aboard a Libyan Arab Airlines flight were killed when Israeli fighters shot down the Boeing 727-200 after it strayed into the airspace of the Sinai Desert, then under Israeli control.

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17) was a scheduled passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur that was shot down on 17 July 2014 while flying over eastern Ukraine.

The 290 passengers on board were killed, including 66 children.

The United States paid Iran $101.8 million in compensation for the victims following a settlement at the International Court of Justice.

As part of the agreement, the US did not admit legal liability or formally apologised to Iran for the tragedy.

The United States later awarded the captain of USS Vincennes, Will C. Rogers, the Legion of Merit for his service as a commander.

Sakhalin: 269 killed

September 1, 1983: A South Korean Boeing 747 of Korean Air was shot down by Soviet fighter jets over the island of Sakhalin, after veering off course.

Some 269 passengers and crew members were killed.

Soviet officials acknowledged five days later that they had shot down the South Korean plane.

Sinai Dessert: 108 killed

February 21, 1973: A Libyan Arab Airline Boeing 727 flying from Tripoli to Cairo was shot down by Israeli fighter jets over the Sinai dessert.

All but four of the 112 people on board were killed.

The Israeli air force intervened after the Boeing flew over military facilities in the Sinai, then occupied by Israel.

The Israeli authorities said fighters opened fire when the plane refused to land.

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