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World Accused of inciting genocide, the Rwandan Félicien Kabuga will not be tried in France

01:15  04 june  2020
01:15  04 june  2020 Source:   liberation.fr

The 'risky business' of tracking Rwandan fugitive Felicien Kabuga

  The 'risky business' of tracking Rwandan fugitive Felicien Kabuga The former chief prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda discusses the hunt for genocide suspects.He had been on the run for 26 years.

Félicien Kabuga , one of the most wanted suspects of the Rwandan genocide , has been arrested near Paris, the French justice ministry has announced. The businessman from the Hutu ethnic group is accused of being one of the main financiers of the Rwandan genocide , paying for the militias that

Mr. Kabuga , one of Rwanda ’s richest men before the genocide , is accused by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda of being the main financier and A tribunal official said on Saturday that Mr. Kabuga had been tracked down in France after investigators followed communications among

Portraits de Felicien Kabuga. © - Portraits of Felicien Kabuga. The Paris Court of Appeal decided on Wednesday to transfer the ex-businessman to international justice who has been demanding him since 1997. But the epilogue of this long runaway will have to wait for the cassation appeal announced by the defense .

There was neither outpouring nor cries of joy. Nor, either, protests from his relatives, many in the courtroom, when the Paris Court of Appeal this Wednesday made its decision: Félicien Kabuga will be transferred to international justice, and will not be not tried in France as he wished. The decision read by the president of the court, Michelle Belin, however marks a historic moment. The end of a long run and a victory for international justice that has been chasing him for so many years.

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A Paris appeals court Wednesday approved the transfer of Rwandan genocide suspect Felicien Kabuga , arrested in France after decades on the run, to a United Nations body to be tried in Tanzania. Accused of financing the 1994 genocide of some 800,000 people

French police have arrested Rwandan businessman Felicien Kabuga , believed to a key financier of the country's 1994 genocide . Through them he tried to understand the psychological aftermath of the genocide . A French court denied bail to a Rwandan accused of genocide . The announcement comes less than a week after the arrest in France of fugitive suspect Felicien Kabuga .

Arrested on May 16 in the Paris suburbs , the one who was the most wanted fugitive on the planet has, since 1997, been under an arrest warrant, several times amended, issued by the International Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), responsible for trying the main culprits of the genocide of the Tutsis, which took place in this small country of Africa of the Great Lakes in 1994.

Now 85 years old according to justice, or 87 according to what he says today, Félicien Kabuga is considered one of the last "big fish" that this tribunal which closed its doors in December 2015 wishes to judge. But an institution has been created, the Mechanism of international criminal tribunals , commonly called “the Mechanism”, in order to manage the files still open for these crimes against humanity, by imprescriptible definitions (this is also the case for the former Yugoslavia).

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Rwandan genocide survivor groups have welcomed the arrest in France of one of the most wanted men accused of being behind the mass killings. Félicien Kabuga , 84, was detained near Paris, where he had been living under a false identity. He is alleged to have been the main financier of the ethnic

Businessman Félicien Kabuga , who evaded capture for 26 years, says he was trying to help The man accused of financing the Rwandan genocide has denied playing a role in the massacres. The main owner of the private radio station RTLM that was accused of inciting ethnic Hutus to kill Tutsis.

Its headquarters are still in Arusha, Tanzania, where the ICTR was based, although it also has a division in The Hague, the Netherlands. Kabuga’s lawyers said in a previous hearing on May 27 that their client’s fragile health would not allow him to be tried in the small Tanzanian town at the foot of Kilimanjaro.

Legality and DNA

The argument was swept away by the president of the court on Wednesday who considered that the state of health of the accused "was not incompatible with his detention or his transfer". In the same way, Michelle Belin has retouched, one by one, all the objections presented by the defense, from questions of constitutionality to the legality of the DNA taken during her arrest in Asnières-sur-Seine, whereas 'he himself first claimed to be Antoine Tounga, a Congolese citizen. Basically, the arguments of the Court of Appeal could be summed up in this formula stated by Michelle Belin: "France's acceptance of the competence of the Mechanism and the confidence placed in this requesting authority." Close the ban.

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Businessman Félicien Kabuga , who evaded capture for 26 years, says he was trying to help The man accused of financing the Rwandan genocide has denied playing a role in the massacres. The main owner of the private radio station RTLM that was accused of inciting ethnic Hutus to kill Tutsis.

A French court on Wednesday ordered Rwandan genocide suspect Félicien Kabuga be handed over to a France 24 is not responsible for the content of external websites. UN prosecutors accuse Kabuga of bankrolling and arming ethnic Hutu militias that killed 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus

The reading of the decision was sometimes interrupted by the noisy clearing of the accused's throat, followed by expulsions in a handkerchief. As at the previous hearing on May 27. Kabuga is an old man. He stands facing the courtyard in a wheelchair, pampered by the looks and encouragement of his many children and grandchildren to his right. He shows no emotion behind his mask worn, as by all the audience, because of Covid-19. However, he removed it when he signed the court decision document, revealing a scowl.

Learning that he is being transferred to international justice, he just asks: "For where?" The question needs to be asked. Mechanism’s attorney Serge Brammertz said he would first be sent to The Hague due to the Covid-19 pandemic, which is limiting airline connections, particularly to Tanzania.

But since the hearing on May 27, William Sekula, a duty judge sitting in Arusha, has rejected this request from the prosecutor. He recalled that only a judge can modify the mandate (which requires a priori to send Kabuga not to The Hague but directly to Arusha) and considered that "taking into account the length of the proceedings in France", it is not certain that the argument of the pandemic is still valid. It is true that Kabuga's departure is not for tomorrow.

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Félicien Kabuga , who was arrested Saturday in a Paris suburb, rose from poverty to become one of Rwanda 's richest men before allegedly using his wealth to fund the country's 1994 genocide . France 24 is not responsible for the content of external websites. Audience ratings certified by ACPM/OJD.

A French court has ordered Rwandan genocide suspect Felicien Kabuga be handed over to a United Nations tribunal to face genocide charges for bankrolling and arming ethnic Hutu militias that killed RFI is not responsible for the content of external websites. Audience ratings certified by ACPM/OJD.

Slowness

His lawyers will appeal to the Court of Cassation, they have ten days to do so. A new hearing will therefore take place within two months. Justice is often a slow machine: Pétain was tried at 89, Papon at 88, and some Nazi concentration camp guards were already in their nineties when they had to face their judges.

What can happen during these two months, between the decision of the Court of Appeal and the referral to the Court of Cassation? Since the previous hearing, Maître Laurent Bayon, Kabuga’s lawyer, has written to the Mechanism’s prosecutor. He asked him to divest the file for the benefit of France, claiming that it is the French justice which instructs the involvement of the bank BNP Paribas in arms sales to the Rwandan genocidal regime, while this same bank has froze his client's assets. The request is unlikely to be successful.

Petition

For a week, Kabuga's large family (he had 11 children), has also launched an online petition to proclaim his innocence and demand a trial in France. "Félicien Kabuga is a bomb who wants to bring out the truth", can we read in this plea that we find on a famous site, between the petition "Justice for Georges Floyd" and another to "save the public hospital" .

As a "bomb", a video was circulating recently on social networks: we see Kabuga at a meeting in Rwanda, in 1993 or 1994, defending the radio of the Thousand Hills, of which he was one of the founders. A radio station considered to be the main instrument of racist propaganda, both before and during the genocide. At the time, Félicien Kabuga, often referred to as "the financier" of this final solution, looked much fitter.

Some time later, the roads and hills of his native country will be covered with corpses. Almost a million dead in just three months. Kabuga waited for the massacres to end before fleeing. It ended twenty-six years later, one morning in May in Asnières-sur-Seine.

Akinwumi Adesina, from the consecration to the turmoil at the African Development Bank .
© Kola SULAIMON The president of the African Development Bank, Akinwunmi Adesina, December 21, 2019 in Abuja Son of a poor peasant who became super-banker of the 'Africa, the Nigerian Akinwumi Adesina is in the midst of turmoil, targeted by accusations of prevarication and an unprecedented sling within the African Development Bank (ADB) which he presides.

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