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World 'Unspeakable horror': the attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

07:50  04 august  2020
07:50  04 august  2020 Source:   msn.com

Japan court recognises more Hiroshima bomb survivors

  Japan court recognises more Hiroshima bomb survivors A Hiroshima court issued a rare ruling Wednesday expanding the designation of atomic bomb survivors to include more people hit by radioactive "black rain", 75 years after the US nuclear attack on Japan at the end of World War II. The Hiroshima District Court said all 84 plaintiffs, aged from their 70s through 90s, should be granted medical benefits given to the victims of the attack, known locally as "hibakusha". After the war, the centralThe Hiroshima District Court said all 84 plaintiffs, aged from their 70s through 90s, should be granted medical benefits given to the victims of the attack, known locally as "hibakusha".

Later Sunday, Francis will visit Hiroshima and meet survivors of the atomic attack , known in Japanese as hibakusha, at the world-famous Peace Memorial in the city synonymous with the horror of nuclear war. Minoru Moriuchi, an 82-year-old Catholic survivor in Nagasaki , told AFP the pope's visit would

Later Sunday, Francis will visit Hiroshima and meet survivors of the atomic attack , known in Japanese as hibakusha, at the world-famous Peace Memorial in the city synonymous with the horror of nuclear war. Two survivors of Nagasaki , 89-year-old Shigemi Fukahori and 85-year-old Sakue Shimohira

a close up of smoke: Japan this week marks the 75th anniversary of the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki © Handout Japan this week marks the 75th anniversary of the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Japan this week marks the 75th anniversary of the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which killed over 200,000 people and left many more deeply traumatised and even stigmatised.

a close up of a map: Graphic on the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in Japan on August 6, 1945 © STAFF Graphic on the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in Japan on August 6, 1945

Here are some facts about the devastating attacks:

- The bombs -

The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima in western Japan on August 6, 1945 by the US bomber Enola Gay.

a airplane that is parked on the side of a road: The US bomber Enola Gay dropped the atomic bomb over Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 at 8:15am local time © Handout The US bomber Enola Gay dropped the atomic bomb over Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 at 8:15am local time

The bomb, weighing 13-16 kilotons, was nicknamed "Little Boy" but its impact was anything but small.

It detonated about 600 metres from the ground, with a force equivalent to 15,000 tonnes of TNT, and killed 140,000 people.

a close up of text on a white background: Graphic on the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in Japan on August 6, 1945, and Nagasaki on August 9. © STAFF Graphic on the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in Japan on August 6, 1945, and Nagasaki on August 9.

Tens of thousands died instantly, while others succumbed to injuries or illness in the weeks, months and years that followed.

The attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are the only times to date that nuclear weapons have been used in wartime © Handout The attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are the only times to date that nuclear weapons have been used in wartime

Three days later, the US dropped a second bomb dubbed "Fat Man" on the city of Nagasaki, killing another 74,000 people.

75 years on, Japan bomb survivors make final pleas for abolition

  75 years on, Japan bomb survivors make final pleas for abolition As Japan marks 75 years since the devastating attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the last generation of nuclear bomb survivors are working to ensure their message lives on after them. The "hibakusha" -- literally "person affected by the bomb" -- have for decades been a powerful voice calling for the abolition of nuclear weapons. There are an estimated 136,700 left, many of whom were infants or unborn children at the time of the attacks. TheThe "hibakusha" -- literally "person affected by the bomb" -- have for decades been a powerful voice calling for the abolition of nuclear weapons.

Later Sunday, Francis will visit Hiroshima and meet survivors of the atomic attack , known in Japanese as hibakusha, at the world-famous Peace Memorial in the city synonymous with the horror of nuclear war. Minoru Moriuchi, an 82-year-old Catholic survivor in Nagasaki , told AFP the pope's visit would

Later Sunday, Francis will visit Hiroshima and meet survivors of the atomic attack , known in Japanese as hibakusha, at the world-famous Peace Memorial in the city synonymous with the horror of nuclear war. Minoru Moriuchi, an 82-year-old Catholic survivor in Nagasaki , told AFP the pope's visit would

The attacks remain the only time atomic bombs have been used in wartime.

- The attacks -

When the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, the first thing people noticed was an "intense ball of fire" according to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).

Temperatures at the epicentre of the blast reached an estimated 7,000 degrees Celsius (12,600 Fahrenheit), which caused fatal burns within a radius of about three kilometres (five miles).

ICRC experts say there were cases of temporary or permanent blindness due to the intense flash of light, and subsequent related damage such as cataracts.

A whirlwind of heat generated by the explosion also ignited thousands of fires that burned several square kilometres (miles) of the largely wooden city. A firestorm that consumed all available oxygen caused more deaths by suffocation.

a couple of people that are talking to each other: In 2019, Pope Francis visited Hiroshima and Nagasaki, where he condemned the use of nuclear weapons and met with survivors of the attacks © Vincenzo PINTO In 2019, Pope Francis visited Hiroshima and Nagasaki, where he condemned the use of nuclear weapons and met with survivors of the attacks

It has been estimated that burn- and fire-related casualties accounted for more than half of the immediate deaths in Hiroshima.

Hiroshima's atomic bomb changed Koko Kondo's life, but so did meeting the man who dropped it

  Hiroshima's atomic bomb changed Koko Kondo's life, but so did meeting the man who dropped it When the world's first nuclear weapon was dropped on her home on this day 75 years ago, it changed Koko Kondo's life forever, but meeting the man who dropped it changed her life again.She was almost 40 years old before her mother finally sat her down and told her the full story of how she had inched through the rubble in darkness, with little Koko wrapped in her arms, towards a small pocket of dusty sunlight.

The United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively, with the consent of the United Kingdom

Later Sunday, Francis will visit Hiroshima and meet survivors of the atomic attack , known in Japanese as hibakusha, at the world-famous Peace Memorial in the city synonymous with the horror of nuclear war. Two survivors of Nagasaki , 89-year-old Shigemi Fukahori and 85-year-old Sakue Shimohira

The explosion generated an enormous shock wave that in some cases literally carried people away. Others were crushed to death inside collapsed buildings or injured or killed by flying debris.

"I remember the charred bodies of little children lying around the hypocentre area like black rocks," Koichi Wada, who was 18 at the time of the Nagasaki attack, has said of the bombing.

- Radiation effects -

The bomb attacks unleashed radiation that proved deadly both immediately and over the longer term.

Radiation sickness was reported in the attack's aftermath by many who survived the initial blast and firestorm.

Acute radiation symptoms include vomiting, headaches, nausea, diarrhoea, haemorrhaging and hair loss, with radiation sickness fatal for many within a few weeks or months.

Bomb survivors, known as hibakusha, also experienced longer-term effects including elevated risks of thyroid cancer and leukaemia, and both Hiroshima and Nagasaki have seen elevated cancer rates.

Of 50,000 radiation victims from both cities studied by the Japanese-US Radiation Effects Research Foundation, about 100 died of leukaemia and 850 suffered from radiation-induced cancers.

From Manhattan to Hiroshima: the race for the atom bomb

  From Manhattan to Hiroshima: the race for the atom bomb The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki capped six years of top-secret work by scientists from Europe and North America. Here is an overview of how that process unfolded. - Einstein warning - In 1939, Albert Einstein signs a letter warning US president Franklin D. Roosevelt of the destructive potential of nuclear fission, which was discovered by the German chemist Otto Hahn. The letter says the process could result in "extremely powerful- Einstein warning -

Pope makes appeal in Nagasaki at ground zero of the second of the two 1945 US atomic bombings. Pontiff pays tribute to the victims of attacks and says ‘these weapons cannot protect us from current threats to national and international security’.

The nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki remain two of the most shameful moments in US history. Perhaps because of this lingering shame, they With the horror witnessed in Hiroshima and Nagasaki fresh in the minds of many, the movement quickly gained traction and became a real force

The foundation found no evidence however of a "significant increase" in serious birth defects among survivors' children.

- The aftermath -

The twin bombings dealt the final blow to imperial Japan, which surrendered on August 15, 1945, bringing an end to World War II.

Historians have debated whether the devastating bombings ultimately saved lives by bringing an end to the conflict and averting a ground invasion.

But those calculations meant little to survivors, many of whom battled decades of physical and psychological trauma, as well as the stigma that sometimes came with being a hibakusha.

Despite their suffering and their status as the first victims of the atomic age, many survivors were shunned -- in particular for marriage -- because of prejudice over radiation exposure.

Survivors and their supporters have become some of the loudest and most powerful voices opposing the use of nuclear weapons, meeting world leaders in Japan and overseas to press their case.

Last year, Pope Francis met with several hibakusha on visits to Hiroshima and Nagasaki, paying tribute to the "unspeakable horror" suffered by victims of the attacks.

In 2016, Barack Obama became the first sitting US president to visit Hiroshima. He offered no apology for the attack, but embraced survivors and called for a world free of nuclear weapons.

Dwindling band of survivors marks 75th anniversary of the Hiroshima atomic bomb

  Dwindling band of survivors marks 75th anniversary of the Hiroshima atomic bomb Survivors of the Hiroshima atomic bomb have marked the 75th anniversary of the attack with prayers and flowers at the city's memorial to the victims.With each passing year the number of hibakusha, as the survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are known in Japan, shrinks.

Nagasaki , Japan, (CNA) - At the ground zero site of the 1945 nuclear attack on Nagasaki , Pope Francis said the threat of using nuclear weapons is not the way Pope Francis visited Nagasaki during his three-day visit to Japan. He will also make a stop-over in Hiroshima and spend one day in Tokyo.

An unspeakable horror is a Slayer monster found in the north-eastern part of the Mos Le'Harmless caves. The player requires level 58 Slayer, a witchwood icon, and a light source to successfully hunt and kill them. Completion of the Cabin Fever quest is required to access Mos Le'Harmless.

kh/sah/rma


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