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World Explainer: Who pays for Mauritius oil spill and how much?

13:52  14 august  2020
13:52  14 august  2020 Source:   reuters.com

France deploys teams to Mauritius as oil spill disaster worsens

  France deploys teams to Mauritius as oil spill disaster worsens France on Saturday dispatched aircraft and technical advisers from Reunion to Mauritius after the prime minister appealed for urgent assistance to contain a worsening oil spill polluting the island nation's famed reefs, lagoons and oceans. Rough seas have hampered efforts to stop fuel leaking from the bulk carrier MV Wakashio, which ran aground two weeks ago, and is staining pristine waters in an ecologically protected marine area off the southeast coast.

Almost all the fuel oil from the Japanese-owned ship that has caused a huge oil spill off the coast of Mauritius has been pumped out, Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth has said. The operation had been a race against time, he added, amid fears that the MV Wakashio would break up. The ship, believed to

How many oil spills are there? The number of accidents involving spillages has fallen in recent years according to the International Tanker Owners Pollution The recent MV Wakashio spill off Mauritius - although it didn't leak a huge amount of oil - is near two protected marine ecosystems and a wetland

a flock of seagulls standing next to a body of water: Volunteers help to clean spilled oil from MV Wakashio in Riviere des Creoles © Reuters/STRINGER Volunteers help to clean spilled oil from MV Wakashio in Riviere des Creoles

TOKYO (Reuters) - A Japanese bulk carrier struck a coral reef off the Indian Ocean island nation of Mauritius on July 25, spilling about 1,000 tonnes of fuel oil and triggering a state of "environmental emergency".

Scientists say the spill is the country's worst ecological disaster, killing wildlife and damaging pristine waters that attract tourists from around the globe. The full impact is still unfolding. As residents scramble to mop up the oil slicks, they are seeing dead eels and fish floating in the water as fuel-soaked seabirds limp ashore.

Mauritius declares emergency over oil spill from grounded ship

  Mauritius declares emergency over oil spill from grounded ship Indian Ocean island nation declares environmental emergency as satellite images show a dark slick spreading in waters.The government on Saturday declared an environmental emergency as satellite images showed a dark slick spreading in the turquoise waters near wetlands that the government called "very sensitive".

Mauritius avoided a second catastrophic oil spill Wednesday after salvage crews pumped the remaining fuel from the tanks of a cargo ship that ran France and Japan were among those to answer the call, along with thousands of ordinary Mauritians who volunteered day and night to clean sludge

massive oil spill Salvage crews have successfully pumped all the fuel from the tanks of a giant cargo ship which ran aground off Mauritius , the prime minister said Wednesday, preventing another massive oil spill into the pristine waters. However, a variety of sea life around the island is dying and experts

water next to the ocean: FILE PHOTO: A general view shows the bulk carrier ship MV Wakashio, that ran aground on a reef, at Riviere des Creoles © Reuters/Handout . FILE PHOTO: A general view shows the bulk carrier ship MV Wakashio, that ran aground on a reef, at Riviere des Creoles

The following lays out the legal implications.

THE SHIP AND OPERATOR

The owner and operator of the ship is Nagashiki Shipping, an Okayama, Japan-based private company that said Mauritius had requested compensation. It said in a statement that the cause of the accident was not known and would be fully investigated.

The MV Wakashio, a nearly 300-metre Cape Size bulker used for carrying iron ore, with a deadweight of about 200,000 tonnes, was built in 2007, meaning it should be double-hulled and more protected against rupture.

With a crew of 20 sailors the Panama-flagged vessel was on course for Brazil to pick up iron ore, according to Mitsui OSK, which chartered the ship. The bulk carrier had dropped off a cargo in Tianjin, China, before it headed across the Indian Ocean.

Heavy winds hamper Mauritius oil spill removal

  Heavy winds hamper Mauritius oil spill removal The MV Wakashio, which ran aground on a coral reef on 25 July, is now leaking oil off the island.The MV Wakashio, believed to have been carrying 4,000 tonnes of fuel oil, ran aground on a coral reef off the Indian Ocean island on 25 July.

A push towards more natural and sustainable oil spill clean up efforts is sourcing hair, which has been shown to hold up "Seeing the thick layer of heavy oil spreading through our coast in just a couple of days was simply unbelievable," says Romina Tello, who holds a degree in sustainable tourism and is

Environmental activists and residents of Mauritius worked to try to reduce the damage from an oil spill after a ship ran aground on a coral reef. "The people of Mauritius , thousands and thousands, have come out to try to prevent as much damage as possible," said Dowarkasing, who spoke from the

The operator has not explained why it was sailing so close to the reef. SPILL RECOVERY

The ship was carrying about 3,800 tonnes of fuel oil along with diesel to power its engines. One of its oil tanks, containing about 1,000 tonnes of fuel oil, ruptured after it ran aground.

The MV Wakashio passed an annual inspection in March without any problems, Japan's ClassNK inspection body has said.

Mauritius Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth said on Wednesday that nearly all the remaining oil had been removed from the ship confirming an earlier statement by Nagashiki that most of the oil that was still on board had been pumped off.

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?

Under the 2001 International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution damage, which is referred to as the BUNKER convention and has been administered by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) since it came into force in 2008, the owners of vessels are responsible for damage caused by oil leaks. That means Nagashiki rather than Mitsui OSK is liable.

Japanese ship that caused Mauritius oil spill passed annual checks

  Japanese ship that caused Mauritius oil spill passed annual checks Japanese ship that caused Mauritius oil spill passed annual checksThe ship, MV Wakashio, is owned by Nagashiki Shipping and operated by Mitsui OSK Lines Ltd.

France has sent equipment to Mauritius to help contain an oil spill from a Japanese ship. Local people and environmentalists have questioned why officials did not act more quickly after the ship At their first news conference since the crash, the officials said they had sent experts to Mauritius to join

Many of its most capable petroleum engineers are among the more than five million Venezuelans who have left the country to escape its political and economic Mr Lorca did not give any information about how much oil may have been spilled but on Thursday he published new photos of the clean-up on

In a June 13 statement, Nagashiki said it would "deal with compensation claims based on applicable laws".

Akihiko Ono, executive vice president of Mitsui OSK Lines, has apologised for the spill but a spokesman told Reuters it had no responsibility for the accident.

LIABILITY

Compensation amounts paid by ship owners are governed by the 1976 Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims and a subsequent amended convention agreed in 1996. The agreement also requires owners to ensure they have adequate insurance.

According to Toda Law Office in Tokyo, Mauritius has ratified the 1976 version, which limits payments to 2 billion yen ($18.7 million) while Japan has signed the 1996 document which has an upper limit of 7 billion yen.

It will be up to any court ruling on compensation to decide which one applies in this case.

INSURANCE

The Wakashio is insured by Japan P&I Club, the country's only organization that underwrites protection and indemnity insurance for ocean going and coastal vessels. On Wednesday, a spokesman for Japan P&I said it was "trying to make internal estimates" for how much the clean up would cost.

Jugnauth's government has said it too has yet to come up with an estimate.

Japan P&I could cover up to as much as $1 billion, because it can count on support from more than a dozen other shipowner insurance unions around the world, according to Koshiro Emura, an analyst at S&P Global Ratings.

SHIP REMOVAL

Removing the ship will be a delicate operation and is likely to take months. France, which once ruled Mauritius as a colony, has said it will assist with the cleanup, while Japan said it is sending experts.

The International Maritime Organization is providing technical advice.

(Reporting by Tim Kelly, Sakura Murakami and Kiyoshi Takenaka; Writing by Aaron Sheldrick; Editing by Nick Macfie)

Wrecked Mauritius oil spill ship breaks in two .
The MV Wakashio, which spilled more than 1,000 tonnes of fuel oil off Mauritius, has split apart.The MV Wakashio ran aground on a coral reef on 25 July with 4,000 tonnes of the fuel, causing an ecological emergency.

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