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World Apple iPhones can contact-trace without Covid app

23:36  01 september  2020
23:36  01 september  2020 Source:   bbc.com

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Apple has begun letting its iPhones carry out contact-tracing without the need for users to download an official Covid-19 app.

As an alternative, users are being invited to opt in to a scheme called Exposure Notifications Express (ENE).

This keeps a 14-day log of other nearby smartphones detected via Bluetooth and serves an alert if another owner is later diagnosed to have the virus.

The local public health authority will determine what the notification says.

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It might tell the user to download a more fully functional app for further guidance.

However, it also gives officials the option of not developing an app of their own, in which case the user could be directed to go to a testing centre or to call a hotline for more information.

IPhone owners who become ill without having received an alert can also create a cascade of alerts to others who they had come into close contact with. But since they do not have an app, this will be done by tapping on a text message sent by the public health authority to their smartphone after a positive diagnosis.

The facility is being rolled out as part of the latest update to Apple's mobile operating system, iOS 13.7, which has just been released.

Lower costs

Users can opt into ENE via a new Exposure Notifications option within the iPhone's main Settings menu.

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However, since it depends on health chiefs providing the criteria for which alerts should be generated - including how close two people need to have been together and for how long - it will not function without their support.

Until they decide whether or not to support the initiative, users are being prompted to download a local app if one exists as an alternative or being told "exposure notifications have not been turned on your public health authority".

To date, more than 20 countries, provinces and other geographical regions have released apps based on Apple and Google's contact-tracing framework. They include:

  • Ireland
  • Northern Ireland
  • Germany
  • Switzerland
  • Japan
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Gibraltar

England's NHS Test and Trace service is currently trialling an app based on the tech giants' API (application programming interface) too.

However, only six of the 57 US states have currently adopted the technology. And this may encourage them to do so as it saves them development time and maintenance costs.

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Whether or not the authorities support ENE and/or develop their own apps based on Apple and Google's model, they do not get to see which or how many users have received an alert under the tech companies' privacy-centric "decentralised" design.

Likewise, users do not get to see who it was that caused them to be served an notification.

In addition, users can opt back out of the new initiative at any time via a toggle in their settings menu.

Android alternative

Google will follow Apple with a parallel scheme of its own later this month for Android.

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It will go by the same name, but rather than go down the app-less route, Google has opted to automatically create a basic coronavirus tracing app for public health authorities based on the criteria they provide.

Officials that decide to take advantage of this offer can still develop a more elaborate Covid-19 app of their own at a later stage if they so wish.

"Exposure Notifications Express provides another option for health authorities to supplement their existing contact-tracing operations with technology, without compromising on the project's core tenets of user privacy and security," Apple and Google said in a joint statement.

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Apple has begun letting its iPhones carry out contact-tracing without the need for users to download an official Covid-19 app.

As an alternative, users are being invited to opt in to a scheme called Exposure Notifications Express (ENE).

This keeps a 14-day log of other nearby smartphones detected via Bluetooth and serves an alert if another owner is later diagnosed to have the virus.

The local public health authority will determine what the notification says.

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It might tell the user to download a more fully functional app for further guidance.

However, it also gives officials the option of not developing an app of their own, in which case the user could be directed to go to a testing centre or to call a hotline for more information.

IPhone owners who become ill without having received an alert can also create a cascade of alerts to others who they had come into close contact with. But since they do not have an app, this will be done by tapping on a text message sent by the public health authority to their smartphone after a positive diagnosis.

The facility is being rolled out as part of the latest update to Apple's mobile operating system, iOS 13.7, which has just been released.

Lower costs

Users can opt into ENE via a new Exposure Notifications option within the iPhone's main Settings menu.

Man lashes Melbourne police as he's detained for not wearing mask

  Man lashes Melbourne police as he's detained for not wearing mask Footage showed the pedestrian being detained and fined by six officers who had surrounded him on Barkly Street in St Kilda when he refused to tell them why he was exempt from wearing a mask. 'You need to prove I haven't got one - I don't need to prove it to you,' he told police gathered on the pavement when told he needed to give them a valid reason.'I'll tell you what we will do - we will issue you an infringement and you can argue it in court. How about that?' a masked male police responded.

However, since it depends on health chiefs providing the criteria for which alerts should be generated - including how close two people need to have been together and for how long - it will not function without their support.

Until they decide whether or not to support the initiative, users are being prompted to download a local app if one exists as an alternative or being told "exposure notifications have not been turned on your public health authority".

To date, more than 20 countries, provinces and other geographical regions have released apps based on Apple and Google's contact-tracing framework. They include:

  • Ireland
  • Northern Ireland
  • Germany
  • Switzerland
  • Japan
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Gibraltar

England's NHS Test and Trace service is currently trialling an app based on the tech giants' API (application programming interface) too.

However, only six of the 57 US States have currently adopted the technology. And this may encourage them to do so as it saves them development time and maintenance costs.

Whether or not the authorities support ENE and/or develop their own apps based on Apple and Google's model, they do not get to see which or how many users have received an alert under the tech companies' privacy-centric "decentralised" design.

Likewise, users do not get to see who it was that caused them to be served an notification.

In addition, users can opt back out of the new initiative at any time via a toggle in their settings menu.

Android alternative

Google will follow Apple with a parallel scheme of its own later this month for Android.

It will go by the same name, but rather than go down the app-less route, Google has opted to automatically create a basic coronavirus tracing app for public health authorities based on the criteria they provide.

Officials that decide to take advantage of this offer can still develop a more elaborate Covid-19 app of their own at a later stage if they so wish.

"Exposure Notifications Express provides another option for health authorities to supplement their existing contact-tracing operations with technology, without compromising on the project's core tenets of user privacy and security," Apple and Google said in a joint statement.

  Apple iPhones can contact-trace without Covid app © BBC

In theory this could be the moment that automated contact tracing takes off.

By putting what it calls Exposure Notification Express in an update to the operating system on millions of iPhones, Apple is removing a lot of friction from the process.

People who can't be bothered to install apps - or perhaps don't trust them - may be more inclined to simply switch on the system in their settings.

Another advantage is that the system should work across borders as long as countries opt into it so that they can mark phones as belonging to people who've tested positive.

But there is one real danger - that the system will leave many feeling both confused and suspicious.

Its workings are complex and it could appear to many people that they are being asked to trust the tech giant rather than their local health service.

Man lashes Melbourne police as he's detained for not wearing mask .
Footage showed the pedestrian being detained and fined by six officers who had surrounded him on Barkly Street in St Kilda when he refused to tell them why he was exempt from wearing a mask. 'You need to prove I haven't got one - I don't need to prove it to you,' he told police gathered on the pavement when told he needed to give them a valid reason.'I'll tell you what we will do - we will issue you an infringement and you can argue it in court. How about that?' a masked male police responded.

usr: 1
This is interesting!