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World China running 380 detention centres in Xinjiang: researchers

11:06  24 september  2020
11:06  24 september  2020 Source:   msn.com

China defends Xinjiang 're-education' camps

  China defends Xinjiang 're-education' camps Beijing has faced widespread criticism over detention centres set up for mostly Muslim Uighurs.Beijing has come under fire for the centres, which mostly house Uighurs, a predominantly Muslim minority.

In total ASPI identified 380 detention centres established across the region since 2017, ranging from lowest security re-education That is over 100 more than previous investigations have uncovered, and the researchers believe they have now identified most of the detention centres in the region.

Leaked Chinese documents give unprecedented insight into how Muslim detention centers in Xinjiang control detainees' every move. According to ICIJ, researchers and journalists have discovered a vast network of forced labor across the region, and those who are held in detention

a large building: Watchtowers on a high-security facility at what is believed to be a re-education camp in China's Xinjiang region © GREG BAKER Watchtowers on a high-security facility at what is believed to be a re-education camp in China's Xinjiang region

China's network of detention centres in the northwest Xinjiang region is much bigger than previously thought and has been expanded in recent years, according to research presented by an Australian think tank Thursday.

The Australian Strategic Policy Institute said it had identified more than 380 "suspected detention facilities" in the region -- where China is believed to have detained more than one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim Turkic-speaking residents.

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Dabancheng detention center . Shawn Zhang. Understanding the scope of China 's reeducation camps is incredibly difficult, with some researchers relying on job ads and construction bids to piece together their activities. Zhang's imagery shows how detention center construction in Xinjiang is booming

Researchers warn the "militarised vocational training" can lead to a loss of cultural heritage. The report says the programme bears resemblances to labour schemes in the troubled Xinjiang province where Chinese authorities are accused of the mass detention of the mostly Muslim Uighur population.

The number of facilities is around 40 percent greater than previous estimates and, according to Australian researchers, has been growing despite China's claims that many Uighurs have been released.

Using satellite imagery, eyewitness accounts, media reports and official construction tender documents, the institute said "at least 61 detention sites have seen new construction and expansion work between July 2019 and July 2020."

Fourteen more facilities were under construction in 2020 and around 70 have had fencing or perimeter walls removed, indicating their use has changed or they have been closed.

US lawmakers recently voted to ban imports from Xinjiang, citing the alleged use of systematic forced labour.

Beijing recently published a white paper defending its policies in Xinjiang, where it says training programmes, work schemes and better education mean life has improved.

It has defended the so-called training centres as necessary to stamp out extremism.

Following the publication of the latest report, Chinese government-controlled nationalist tabloid the Global Times cited "sources" saying Australian Strategic Policy Institute contributors Clive Hamilton and Alex Joske were banned from entering China.

arb/dm/axn

Concentration camps and forced labor: China’s repression of the Uighurs, explained .
There is more and more evidence of China’s human rights abuses in Xinjiang.Her dad, Ilham Tohti, is an economics professor and prominent Uighur intellectual in Xinjiang, China. He ran a website, UighurOnline, that focused on issues pertaining to the Muslim ethnic minority group.

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