World Nagorno-Karabakh dispute: Armenia, Azerbaijan standoff explained

16:12  27 september  2020
16:12  27 september  2020 Source:   aljazeera.com

Fighting in Karabakh: the EU calls for an “immediate return to negotiations”

 Fighting in Karabakh: the EU calls for an “immediate return to negotiations” © Provided by Le Point Nagorny Karabakh A conflict that Paris and Brussels condemn. France said on Sunday September 27 "deeply concerned about the ongoing large-scale clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh", calling on the belligerents to "immediately cease hostilities and resume dialogue".

The contested Nagorno - Karabakh region, a mountainous and heavily-forested patch of land, is at the heart of a decades-long armed standoff between neighbours Armenia and Azerbaijan . Under international law, Nagorno - Karabakh is recognised as part of Azerbaijan . But the ethnic Armenians

Azerbaijan said Armenia had started a massive shelling campaign along the whole line of the front. For four decades they have been stuck in an unresolved conflict over Nagorno - Karabakh , internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan but controlled by ethnic Armenians .

The contested Nagorno-Karabakh region, a mountainous and heavily-forested patch of land, is at the heart of a decades-long armed standoff between neighbours Armenia and Azerbaijan.

Under international law, Nagorno-Karabakh is recognised as part of Azerbaijan. But the ethnic Armenians who make up the vast majority of the population reject Azerbaijani rule. They have been running their own affairs, with support from Armenia, since Azerbaijan’s forces were pushed out in a war in the 1990s.

Dozens killed as Armenia-Azerbaijan fighting enters second day

  Dozens killed as Armenia-Azerbaijan fighting enters second day Azerbaijani and Armenian forces battled for a second day on Monday after dozens were killed in an outbreak of heavy fighting that has raised fears of an all-out war between the longtime enemies. Defence officials in both countries confirmed that intense clashes had continued overnight after erupting on Sunday along the frontlines of Nagorny Karabakh, an ethnic Armenian region that has broken away from Azerbaijan. The separatists said on Monday that 15 more of their fighters had been killed, bringing the total reported death toll from both sides to 39.

In this video we explain in detail the History and Current Situation of the longstanding territorial conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over #Nagornokar Just like any other conflict this dispute also has many facets to be understood and we shall focus on Ideological, Social and Religious side of this

Armenia says neighbouring Azerbaijan has attacked civilian settlements in the disputed Nagorno - Karabakh region and its residents to seek refuge in shelters as Arch-foes Azerbaijan and Armenia have been locked in a territorial dispute over the mainly ethnic- Armenian region for decades.

On Sunday, heavy clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh prompted fears that the dispute could spiral once again into all-out war.

Decades-old tensions

The status of the region has been disputed at least since 1918, when Armenia and Azerbaijan became independent from the Russian empire.

In the early 1920s, Soviet rule was imposed in the south Caucasus and the predominantly Armenian-populated Nagorno-Karabakh became an autonomous region within the then-Soviet republic of Azerbaijan, with most decisions being made in Moscow.

But decades later, as the Soviet Union started to crumble, it became apparent that Nagorno-Karabakh would come under the direct rule of the government in the Azerbaijani capital, Baku. The ethnic Armenians did not accept that.

Nagorno-Karabakh: Historical grievances with dangerous potential

  Nagorno-Karabakh: Historical grievances with dangerous potential Much will depend on how Russia and Turkey act as Armenia and Azerbaijan renew conflict, say analysts.But for three decades and against all odds, cash-strapped Armenia defended its unrecognised satellite, Nagorno-Karabakh, a South Caucasus territory north of Turkey and Iran. Dominated by ethnic Armenians, it violently broke away from Azerbaijan after the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union.

Nagorno - Karabakh is an ethnically Armenian enclave within Azerbaijan that has been out of Azerbaijan ’s control since the end of a war in 1994. Both sides have heavy military presence along a demilitarized zone separating the region from the rest of Azerbaijan . Stepanyan said the fighting

FILE PHOTO: Azerbaijani armour during exercises © Azerbaijan 's Ministry of Defense / RIA Novosti. Numerous civilians were killed or injured amid renewed Azeri- Armenian hostilities over Nagorno - Karabakh , the breakaway region’s officials reported as its ally Armenia declared martial

In 1988, the Nagorno-Karabakh legislature voted to join the Armenian republic, a demand strongly opposed by both the Azerbaijani Soviet government and Moscow.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Yerevan-backed Armenian separatists seized the territory, home to a significant Azerbaijani minority, as well as seven adjacent Azerbaijani districts.

At least 30,000 people were killed and hundreds of thousands were forced from their homes in the fighting.

Despite an internationally-brokered ceasefire agreed in 1994, peace negotiations have stalled and clashes erupt frequently around Nagorno-Karabakh and along the Azerbaijan-Armenia border.

In April 2016, dozens of people from both sides were killed in the most serious fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh in years.

The latest clashes on Sunday also left both sides with casualties, including civilians.

They follow a flare-up along the Azerbaijan-Armenia border in July, which killed at least 17 soldiers from both sides.

The long-running conflict has concerned the international community in part because of its threat to stability in a region that serves as a corridor for pipelines taking oil and gas to world markets.

Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia says ready to work towards ceasefire .
As Azerbaijan and Armenia clash over breakaway region, Yerevan says it is prepared to work with international mediators.Armenia “stands ready” to engage with France, Russia and the United States, who co-chair the OSCE group of mediators to the conflict, “to re-establish a ceasefire regime”, the Armenian foreign ministry said in a statement on Friday.

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