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World The Bolivians elect their president one year after the resignation of Morales

09:40  18 october  2020
09:40  18 october  2020 Source:   lepoint.fr

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Bolivian President Evo Morales has resigned after nearly 14 years in power, amid turmoil following his disputed re- election last month. Tensions first flared on the night of the presidential election after the results count was inexplicably stopped for 24 hours. The final result gave Mr Morales slightly

There have been clashes in Bolivia after the resignation of President Evo Morales following a disputed election . Mr Morales , 60, accused the police of targeting peaceful protesters and urged Bolivians to resist the "dark Others have been celebrating his departure after nearly 14 years .

  Les Boliviens élisent leur président un an après la démission de Morales © Provided by Le Point

Almost a year after the resignation of the former socialist leader Evo Morales , the Bolivians are called back to the polls on Sunday to elect their president in a highly polarized country, where many calls have been made to avoid a new political crisis.

For the first time in 20 years, Evo Morales (2006-2019), emblematic leader of the South American left, is not a candidate for the presidency. On November 10, 2019, he resigned in the midst of a political crisis, accused of fraud by the opposition, while he was running for a fourth term.

His runner-up, his former Minister of the Economy, Luis Arce, 57, candidate for the Movement towards Socialism (MAS), and his main rival, ex-President Carlos Mesa, 67, are the favorites among six candidates.

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Bolivia 's President Evo Morales resigned Sunday, not long after the head of the nation's electoral tribunal stepped down when allegations of irregularities with the presidential vote held last month sparked protests and ramped up calls for his ouster. " I resign my post as president ," he said in a

Bolivia 's President Evo Morales has resigned , shortly after the country's military urged him to do so. Two officials next in line to take over the Shortly before Morales announced his resignation , Bolivian TV channels aired footage of what they say was a presidential plane departing from El Alto

According to the latest polls, Mr. Arce, considered the father of the "Bolivian (economic) miracle", tops the vote in the first round, but should not escape a second round, scheduled for November 29.

Some 7.3 million Bolivians are called upon to elect their president, but also their vice-president, and to renew the entire Parliament, currently dominated by the MAS. Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the campaign mainly took place online and on social media.

Your offices will open at 8 a.m. local (12 p.m. GMT) and close at 5 p.m. (9 p.m. GMT). The Electoral Tribunal said on Saturday that, to avoid generating uncertainties and tensions, no preliminary results will be disclosed: "we will not have the official and final result on Sunday evening. We will give ourselves a few more hours, and it is important that the citizens show patience because the result will be reliable, although a little slower, “justified its president, Salvador Romero.

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Morales resigned on Sunday after a tumultuous 48 hours in which police officers mutinied, the OAS said it Bolivia ’s constitutional court has said that after the resignations of Morales , his deputy and the “She doesn’t represent us.” Others swore their enduring loyalty to Morales , the country’s first

Bolivian President Evo Morales announced his resignation Sunday, caving in following three weeks of sometimes-violent protests over his disputed re- election after the army and police withdrew their backing. " I resign my post as president ," the leftist Morales said in a televised address, capping a

"These elections open a new cycle for the political history of the country, the end of the cycle of government of Evo Morales and the political crisis. We hope that a process of consolidation of institutions begins," he said. ' AFP political scientist Carlos Cordero from the University Mayor de San Andrés (UMSA).

This election will put an end to the interim government, in place since the resignation of Mr. Morales, and led by the conservative Jeanine Áñez, who finally withdrew her candidacy in the face of strong criticism of her management of the pandemic which has left more than 8,400 dead in this country of 11 million inhabitants.

"Pacific"

After a tense campaign, many Bolivians fear a repeat of the violence which had killed 36 people. In recent days, they have been rushed into shops to stock up on food, gas bottles and gasoline.

"Obviously, there will be unrest (...) we hope it will not last too long," Clara Quiltaba, 49, told AFP in the town of El Alto, the historic stronghold of MAS .

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Bolivian President Evo Morales resigned Sunday amid growing opposition after an international Calls for Morales ' resignation had grown over the weekend, and on Sunday, the Demonstrators and the Bolivian opposition had accused electoral authorities of manipulating the vote count in favor of

U.S. President Donald Trump welcomed Morales resignation as "a significant moment for democracy in the Western Hemisphere" and he said in written statement that Morales 's departure preserves democracy and paves the way for the Bolivian people to have their voices heard.

Renata Zapata, 24, wants to be more optimistic: she says she hopes the vote will take place peacefully "because we do not want to relive what happened last year, it was terrible".

According to Guery Chuquimia, anthropologist at UMSA, "we are in another scenario, it is possible that there is agitation, but I doubt that it is of the same magnitude".

The Organization of American States (OAS), the European Union, the Union of Electoral Organizations of America (UNIORE) and the Carter Foundation have dispatched observers.

Calls for calm have also increased. UN , the EU and the Catholic Church called for a "peaceful" vote and respect for the results.

To ensure the transparency of the ballot, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal has been completely renewed. Its president, Salvador Romero, promised "technical rigor, political impartiality and transparency" in the counting of votes.

The Constitution declares winner in the first round the candidate who obtains the absolute majority or 40% of the votes with an advantage of 10 points over the second. Otherwise a second round takes place.

In 2019, the count was suspended for more than 20 hours. When he resumed Evo Morales was declared the winner in the first round. A few days later, the OAS denounced in its report manipulation of the ballot.

Partisans and detractors of the MAS had mobilized in the streets of several towns in the country, with violent clashes. Dropped by the police and the army, Evo Morales had finally resigned, before fleeing to Mexico then to Argentina.

18/10/2020 04:07:40 - La Paz (AFP) - © 2020 AFP

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