World Bolivia: Evo Morales' long shadow

11:25  18 october  2020
11:25  18 october  2020 Source:   sueddeutsche.de

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Bolivian Yubinca Villena, a dance teacher who is in favor of the re-election of President Evo Morales , receives flowers from a girl at a studio in La Paz, Bolivia He’s already the longest continuous-serving standing president in Latin America and if he wins would extend his rule to almost two decades.

President Evo Morales of Bolivia , who came to power more than a decade ago as part of a leftist wave sweeping Latin America, resigned on Mr. Morales was once widely popular, and stayed in the presidency longer than any other current head of state in Latin America. He was the first Indigenous

One year after the ex-president's flight, the torn country is facing fateful new elections. The formerly strong man also sets the agenda from his exile.

Evo Morales war der erste Präsident aus Reihen der Indigenen. Heute wirbt sein Parteifreund Luis Acre (rechts) um deren Stimmen. © David Mercado / Reuters Evo Morales was the first president from among the indigenous people. Today his party colleague Luis Acre (right) is campaigning for their votes. Evo Morales' long shadow

When a new president is elected in Bolivia this Sunday, for the first time in almost two decades a name will no longer be on the ballot papers: Evo Morales. And yet, this time, too, everything will revolve around the most famous, but also most controversial politician who has probably existed in the recent history of the small country in the heart of South America.

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Evo Morales was born in a rural village in the western Oruro region into a family from the Aymara indigenous group. Mr Morales first ran for president in 2002, promising to govern in favour of Bolivia 's indigenous people, who had suffered centuries of marginalisation and discrimination.

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Almost a year has passed since Morales had to flee Bolivia in November 2019, driven away by pressure from the military and deadly mass protests. He and his party, the Movimiento al Socialismo, or MAS for short, were accused of fraud in the elections in October 2019. A right-wing religious transitional government took over power, called new elections, but had to postpone them again and again because of the corona pandemic in the country. The pathogen is still not under control, but the Bolivians should now go to the polls again. There are not only new elections, but also fate elections. Because in the best case scenario, they bring the country a little peace - in the worst case scenario, they plunge it deeper into chaos.

Even in the weeks leading up to the elections on Sunday there were often violent clashes, the situation is tense, the country and its almost eleven million inhabitants have polarized.

The Bolivians elect their president one year after the resignation of Morales

 The Bolivians elect their president one year after the resignation of Morales © Provided by Le Point Almost a year after the resignation of the former socialist leader Evo Morales , the Bolivians are called back to the polls on Sunday to elect their president in a highly polarized country, where many calls have been made to avoid a new political crisis. For the first time in 20 years, Evo Morales (2006-2019), emblematic leader of the South American left, is not a candidate for the presidency.

Bolivia 's former president, Evo Morales , speaks at the Mexican Journalists Club, in Mexico City, on Nov. That would be very risky for Morales : A presidency and congressional majority of his rivals could lead to a new referendum on restoring term limits so that Morales would no longer be able to run.

Evo Morales Ayma. 985,323 likes · 187,514 talking about this. Primer Presidente Indígena del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia . About evo morales ayma. Con el pueblo todos, sin el pueblo nadie.

On the one hand are the supporters of ex-President Morales and his party. They ruled Bolivia for 14 years and changed the country more than any other government before them. Evo Morales was the first indigenous president in the history of Bolivia in 2006, and more than half of the people in the country belong to a traditional ethnic community. Morales gave the indigenous peoples a voice and self-confidence, at the same time he nationalized the rich raw material deposits of Bolivia and put the money from the sale of the natural resources in social programs. Schools were built and hospitals were built, life expectancy rose, the poor, unemployed and illiterate fell. Some observers spoke of a "Bolivian miracle".

At the same time, however, there were more and more critical voices. The MAS got caught up in corruption scandals and even former supporters of the government were increasingly bothered by the MAS’s thirst for power and the personality cult around Evo Morales. He ran for the fourth time in the 2019 elections, although the constitution passed by his own government would actually have banned a third candidacy.

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Evo Morales , the longest -serving president in South America, is seeking a controversial fourth term in Bolivia 's elections on Sunday. Although Morales , 59, is projected to win the most votes, he's unlikely to secure a majority — something he comfortably achieved in the previous three general elections.

She has previously said Mr Morales , Bolivia 's first indigenous president who was seeking a fourth term, should face prosecution if he returns to the Speaking at a news conference, she added: "The government of Evo Morales had no scruples in having a laugh at the expense of Bolivians ."

Prevent the MAS from returning by any means.

Morales is not allowed to take part in Sunday's election, but his party still has a good chance of winning. Your candidate, 57-year-old economist and former economics minister Luis Arce, could get enough votes in the first round not to have to go to a runoff election.

His two biggest opponents are Luis Fernando Camacho, an entrepreneur from the rich lowlands who stands for a right-wing religious agenda, and Carlos Mesa, a moderate conservative who ruled the country from 2003 to 2005. Above all, the polls predict good chances for Mesa and its values ​​have even increased again recently after the previous interim president Jeanine Áñez announced her exit from the race.

An Áñez you can see how great the hatred in parts of the Bolivian population is for the MAS and Morales. The previously unknown conservative backbencher had barely assumed her office as interim president in November 2019 when she had MAS members arrested and persecuted. When she called new elections, she declared that she wanted to run herself in order to prevent the MAS from returning. And her resignation a few weeks ago had only one goal: to strengthen the conservative camp. "If we don't unite, Morales will be back," Áñez wrote on Twitter.

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Video caption: Bolivia crisis: Indigenous supporters of Morales gather for protestBolivia crisis: Indigenous supporters of Morales gather for protest. What now that long -serving leader Evo Morales has sought asylum and an interim leader is in place?

Evo Morales was the longest -serving president in Latin America, as well as Bolivia ’s first indigenous leader. He was credited with lifting nearly a fifth of Bolivia ’s population out of poverty since he took office in 2006, but he faced mounting criticism from some of his former supporters for running for a

Elections are a good start

Although hundreds of kilometers from the seat of government in La Paz, the ex-president dominates the elections from his exile in Buenos Aires. He scares some people, others hope, maybe even for a victory for MAS candidate Luis Arce in the first round. If he does not succeed and no other candidate wins a majority, there would be a runoff election in November, with an uncertain outcome.

But even with a clear victory for one of the candidates, it is uncertain whether there will be a peaceful change of power. Many people are afraid, says the Bolivian political scientist José Luis Exeni: "There is great concern that the outcome of the elections will not be recognized in the end." Rumors of fraud are already making the rounds, people are preparing for the worst.

Exeni, who himself was a long-time member of the highest electoral authority in Bolivia, believes the committee will have more popular support this year. And unlike many of his compatriots, Exeni also wants to trust the power of democracy, a pious wish, he says, but: "After all: there are elections, that's the first step."

Bolivia: A judge cancels the arrest warrant issued against Morales .
BOLIVIA-JUSTICE-MORALES: Bolivia: A judge cancels the arrest warrant issued against Morales © Reuters / AGUSTIN MARCARIAN BOLIVIA: A JUDGE CANCELS THE MANDATE D 'JUDGMENT ISSUED AGAINST MORALES LA PAZ (Reuters) - A Bolivian judge on Tuesday quashed the arrest warrant issued against Evo Morales, allowing him to return to Bolivia without risking arrest. Last December, the Bolivian public prosecutor issued an arrest warrant against the former president for sedition and terrorism.

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