•   
  •   

World UN arms embargo against Iran expires: What's next?

01:02  20 october  2020
01:02  20 october  2020 Source:   foxnews.com

Australian Defence Force orders ban on destruction of evidence from Afghanistan war, as inquiry into alleged war crimes nears end

  Australian Defence Force orders ban on destruction of evidence from Afghanistan war, as inquiry into alleged war crimes nears end The Australian Defence Force orders a halt on the destruction of any records relating to Australia's two-decade war in Afghanistan, more than four years after an inquiry commenced into allegations of war crimes by Australian special forces. The ABC has obtained an internal Defence bulletin sent last week that places an embargo on the shredding of any records relating to ADF operations in Afghanistan between 2001 and 2015. The bulletin states the embargo is at the direction of the "Afghanistan Inquiry Task Force".

What happens next ? It remains to be seen how other signatories of the nuclear deal, including the E3, Russia and China, will react to the lifting of the arms embargo on Iran . In a joint statement in July, the foreign ministers of the E3 wrote that while the three countries remain committed to fully implement

The arms embargo was designed to prevent Iran from buying and selling weapons, including aircraft and tanks. In defending its pursuit of the embargo , Trump administration officials have argued that Iran has been violating the arms restrictions laid out in the 2015 nuclear agreement.

Despite staunch opposition from the United States, a long-standing UN arms embargo has lapsed – leaving Tehran open to deadly weapons purchases.

a group of people posing for the camera © Provided by FOX News

Celebrations erupted through the upper echelons of Tehran's ruling class this weekend, as a 13-year arms embargo against the religious regime expired on Sunday – marking a "momentous day" for the government and a concerning one for its adversaries and observers of regional stability.

So what happens now?

Under the embargo, which came into effect in 2007, the export of "certain conventional arms to Iran" and the "procurement of any arms or related materiel from Iran" was cemented as a violation of the UN Security Council resolution and remained subject to sanctions.

Conventional arms embargo on Iran set to end: What’s next?

  Conventional arms embargo on Iran set to end: What’s next? The US and Israel vehemently oppose the end of the arms embargo and have repeatedly tried to stop it. US efforts to extend arms embargo In mid-August, the US introduced a resolution to indefinitely extend the arms embargo, which was resoundingly rejected by the UNSC. Only the Dominican Republic voted in favour of the resolution, while 11 members of the 15-member body, including France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, together known as the E3, abstained. Russia and China opposed the extension.

Iran welcomed the expiration of the deal, but said it was not planning to go on a 'shopping spree'. In this Nov. 13, 2012 file photo, an Iranian clergyman stands next to missiles and army troops, during A decade-long U . N . arms embargo on Iran that barred it from purchasing foreign weapons like tanks

Immediate shopping spree is unlikely after end to military sanctions despite US protests.

Yet, the UN adamantly rejected an appeal from the U.S. in August to extend the blockade. China and Russia, permanent members of the Security Council, swiftly voted against it. Adding to the Washington blow was that allies France, Germany and Britain, all abstained. The only supporter of the U.S. initiative was the Dominic Republic.

The expiration frees Tehran to buy and sell conventional weapons – such as missiles, tanks, and fighter jets – and it will face no obstacles from the UN Security Council.

IRAN SENTENCES 3 MORE MEN TO AMPUTATION FOR 'STEALING,' REVIVING ONCE-RARE ISLAMIC LAW

"In legal terms, it means that Iran can now freely buy and sell arms," surmised Hooman Mirghasemi, a journalist at the London-based Iran TV.  "Iran's president, Hasan Rouhani, has called it a great victory. The legal aspect, however, is undermined by the United States' unilateral approach towards Iran's potential customers," "Considering the scope of the United States' influence, it is very unlikely that Iran can sell arms to countries or entities that have some form of ties with the United States. The same goes for obtaining weapons from such countries."

For Iran, the UN arms embargo is lifted

 For Iran, the UN arms embargo is lifted © via REUTERS - Wana News Agency Iranian missile fired during military exercises, June 17, 2020. Iran said on Sunday that the ban on the sale of arms and heavy military equipment to Tehran in particular has now expired under the terms of the Iranian international nuclear agreement and Security Council resolution 2231.

Iran said it would not go on "a buying spree" of weapons while announcing that the UN arms embargo from 2007 has now expired . Iran has announced that it is now free to purchase weapons on the basis of its defense needs, as a United Nations conventional arms embargo imposed on the country

renew a UN arms embargo on Iran that’s set to expire this year, threatening to kill what ’ s left of the nuclear agreement the U.S. quit two years ago if of sanctions against Tehran by all United Nations Security Council members as part of the 2015 Iran nuclear accord if the arms embargo is allowed to

In the weeks leading up to the lapse and on the day it officially ended, U.S. officials were doubling-down on their "maximum pressure" campaign, cautioning that Iran will further destabilize the already burned and bloodied region, and spurn further proxy wars already enduring in the likes of Yemen, Iraq and Syria.

On Sunday, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo issued a stark word of warning to anyone endeavoring to do arms deals with Iran.

"For the past 10 years, countries have refrained from selling weapons to Iran under various UN measures. Any country that now challenges this prohibition will be very clearly choosing to fuel conflict and tension over promoting peace and security," Pompeo said in a statement. "Any nation that sells weapons to Iran is impoverishing the Iranian people by enabling the regime's diversion of funds away from the people and toward the regime's military aims."

Iran Speaker Says Muslim Nations Should Unite Against 'Cruel' U.S. Sanctions

  Iran Speaker Says Muslim Nations Should Unite Against 'Cruel' U.S. Sanctions Iranian officials have condemned the U.S. for imposing additional rounds of sanctions even as the country grapples with the COVID-19 pandemic.Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf told Azhar Azizan Harun—the speaker of Malaysia's House of Representatives—on Monday that Malaysia and other Muslim nations should push back against America's "maximum pressure" campaign on Iran, the state-backed Press TV reported.

The UN Security Council rejected a US proposal to extend the conventional weapons embargo on Iran Friday.

“What they fear is Iran ’ s return to the massive market of technology and arms exports,” he added, saying Tehran still believes it can “operate within the framework of international The foreign ministry has previously said no arms “buying spree” was on the cards in the wake of the embargo ’ s expiration .

Last month, the U.S. moved to unilaterally re-impose a "snapback process" to reinstate the entire bevy of sanctions leveled against Iran before the 2015 JCPOA, better known as the Obama administration's "Iran Deal," was inked. Other parties to the agreement have pushed back against Washington because they have argued that the United States relinquished any authority in the agreement when Trump administration withdrew in May 2018.

Behnam Ben Taleblu, a senior fellow from the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, said that the snapback is fail-safe – for now.

"Washington will need to make sure that it has partners in jurisdictions that Iran likes to go shopping in to thwart purchases, while also developing the proper legal argumentation to make interdictions of transfers if needed," he said. "Iran wants a freer hand to export weapons to partners and proxies, as well as to procure select systems and component parts to make its asymmetric military machine into more of a lethal and hybrid force, not a purely conventional one."

Iran Holds Air Defense War Games After Rise in Border Tensions, Arms Sale Ban Lifted

  Iran Holds Air Defense War Games After Rise in Border Tensions, Arms Sale Ban Lifted Iran's conventional military and the elite Revolutionary Guard began the Guardians of the Sky Velayat-99 exercise as Armenia-Azerbaijan tensions spilled over the border and a decades-long U.N. arms embargo expired.The drills came as the neighboring Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict occasionally spills over Iran's northwestern border, giving Iran an opportunity to flex its military muscle through impressive displays of firepower.

China has lambasted the United States for ‘peddling arms ’ and ‘interfering’ in the domestic affairs of other countries in the wake of Washington’ s threat that it will impose sanctions against any country that trades arms with Iran . The UN Security Council (UNSC)’ s embargo on trade in conventional

The embargo , which was established in 2007, expired as per an agreement in the 2015 nuclear deal.

And for now, Tehran is putting on a bold and measured face. The country's defense minister, Amir Hatami, vowed during a Sunday evening television interview that they won't sell to countries that would "misuse" deadly arms, and would deploy weapons "strictly for defense purposes."

And despite the U.S. rhetoric, Tehran could soon have some suitors at the table.

For one, Russia's ambassador to the country, Levan Jagarian, affirmed earlier this month that he would have "no problem" selling the air defense systems. Discussions over deepening their military cooperation, which solidified throughout the long-running Syrian Civil War because Moscow and Tehran provided critical lifelines to the embattled Assad regime, have gone on since the summer of 2019.

CUBA, CHINA, RUSSIA ELECTED TO UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL; US BRANDS IT A 'MOCKERY'

Russian officials had said that they were open to selling the S-400 to Iran, which came as tensions between Tehran and Washington were fast escalating, and many feared a U.S. strike could be imminent, but at that point, Russia had not received an official request.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has made it clear in past statements that come the end of next week; there would be no limitations whatsoever on arms supplies to and from Iran.

A new Iran deal is unlikely regardless of who wins in November

  A new Iran deal is unlikely regardless of who wins in November The IRGC will likely play a more active political role in Iran, which means talks with the US are unlikely to resume.Most Western analysts expect Iran to start a new round of negotiations with the US in the new year regardless of who wins the election. This prediction has some merit, as Iran’s economy has been in dire straits since Trump’s controversial 2018 decision to withdraw the US from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA, commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal) and impose a new round of sanctions on the country.

The S-400 is largely deemed one of the most effective air-defense systems in operation and can engage targets at a distance of 250 miles and from altitudes of more than 98,000 feet. It first became operational by Russian forces in 2007.

But foreign policy experts underscore Russia is hardly alone.

"Russia and China are speculated as potential sellers of arms to Iran. Again, Iran's income from oil is at an all-time low because of Donald Trump's maximum pressure policy. On the other, because of this policy, Iran's central bank's assets are frozen in other countries, and consequently, Iran does not have access to sufficient funds for such purchases," Mirghasemi said. "However, as an act of defiance, the possibility of arms purchased from China or Russia, even very limited, is not entirely unlikely."

According to Brett Bruen, a former U.S. diplomat who served as director of global engagement at the White House, there are a number of countries and companies that are already subject to American sanctions, including Russia and North Korea, who will not be fazed by the threats from the Trump administration.

Some of them have off the books deals that can now be done more publicly," he said.

But for many players, it's a delicate web of enemies and friends.

"China already has major arms contracts with Saudi Arabia and the UAE that could be undermined if it alienates those countries with major arms sales to Iran," noted Jim Phillips, a senior research fellow for Middle Eastern affairs at The Heritage Foundation. "It is likely that Tehran will want to buy a lot more weapons than China will be willing to sell."

Iran Says U.S. Has 'Addiction' to Sanctions After Latest Round Hits Oil Industries Already Targeted

  Iran Says U.S. Has 'Addiction' to Sanctions After Latest Round Hits Oil Industries Already Targeted "The U.S. has out-sanctioned itself," Iranian mission to the United Nations spokesperson Alireza Miryousefi told Newsweek after President Donald Trump's latest sanctions hit energy industries already subject to restrictions.The U.S. Department of Treasury announced Monday that its Office of Foreign Assets Control was designating the Iranian Ministry of Petroleum, the National Iranian Oil Company and the National Iranian Tanker Company on counterterrorism grounds due to their financial support of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Quds Force (IRGC-QF), an elite military unit branded a terrorist organization last year by the State Department.

He also stressed that U.S. sanctions would continue to inhibit Iranian arms imports and exports.

"Any companies that sell arms or buy arms from Iran can expect strong sanctions from Washington," Phillips continued. "Iran especially seeks to buy advanced weapons from Russia and China, but those arms imports are likely to be constrained by U.S. financial sanctions and push back from Washington, as well as from regional states threatened by Iran."

The lapsing isn't only a steep cause for U.S. concerns, but also for Iran's chief target and neighbor – Israel.

"Without the arms embargo, it will be urgent for Israel to unite a group of countries to press Russia not to sell Iran the SU-30 and the S-400," the Jerusalem Post warned on Monday. "Israel will also need to start contingency planning for how to combat the SU-30 in Syria and elsewhere to maintain security on its borders and for how to overcome the S-400, should the need to preemptively strike any Iranian nuclear facilities emerge."

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Nonetheless, the biggest win for Tehran may not be in the way of weapons or battlefield triumphs anytime soon, but in its bid to win sympathy, solace, and support on an international stage.

"This is a big propaganda victory for Iran. They will take advantage of the opportunity to highlight Washington's isolation, even as their diplomatic victories pile up," Bruen added.

'We're facing a war': Italy's frontline doctors fear losing control as cases mount .
Watching Dr Silvana Di Florio ready herself to enter an intensive care ward where every bed currently set aside for COVID-19 patients is already full reminds you of the seriousness of the virus. With the help of another staff member she layers herself in protective clothing; a mask, overalls, and then a vast hood with a clear visor, looking other-worldly to the untrained eye.She is the head of ICU nursing at the Tor Vergata Hospital in Rome and is feeling the intense pressure of a second wave of COVID.

usr: 1
This is interesting!