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World Young Thai activists are embracing Hong Kong tactics

02:52  22 october  2020
02:52  22 october  2020 Source:   bbc.com

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Thai democracy activists are increasingly adopting tactics used by their counterparts in Hong Kong , as they defy a ban on gatherings after months of mounting protests targeting the prime minister and king. Like the Hong Kong protesters, Thai activists have been putting decisions to a vote.

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Thai democracy activists are increasingly adopting tactics used by their counterparts in Hong Kong, as they defy a ban on gatherings after months of mounting protests targeting the prime minister and king.

Protesters shield themselves from police water cannons in Bangkok (L) and Hong Kong (R) © Getty Images/Collage Protesters shield themselves from police water cannons in Bangkok (L) and Hong Kong (R)

When demonstrators in Bangkok held up umbrellas to shield themselves from tear gas fired for the first time last Friday, it was strikingly reminiscent of the anti-government protests that shook the Chinese territory last year.

From helmets and gas masks to flashmobs and hand signals, Thailand’s student-led movement is drawing on the experience of Hong Kong’s young activists in its own fight for change.

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WATCH: Activists in hard hats, umbrellas as shields, and gas masks facing off against the police— Thailand 's pro-democracy protesters have taken inspiration and lessons from their counterparts in Hong Kong .

In another innovative tactic , young activists have started using alternative social media platforms, including online “Each new arrest of a peaceful pro-democracy activist shows the Thai government’s authoritarian tendences and lack of respect for human rights,” said Brad Adams, HRW’s Asia director.

Here are three echoes of the Hong Kong protests in Thailand.

Leaderless movement: 'We are all leaders today’

After the arrest of many of Thailand’s protest leaders last week, activists have changed tack.

“They think arresting the leaders will stop us,” Pla, a 24-year-old demonstrator, told thousands of protesters at Bangkok’s Victory Monument on Sunday. “It’s no use. We are all leaders today.”

a group of people looking at the camera: Pro-democracy protesters in Bangkok give the three-finger salute, borrowed from the Hunger Games © Getty Images Pro-democracy protesters in Bangkok give the three-finger salute, borrowed from the Hunger Games

The absence of a centralised leadership was a defining feature of the seven straight months of protests that rocked Hong Kong - and what many say sustained the movement for so long.

While there were figureheads, decision-making was devolved with protesters commonly using online forums and the secure messaging app Telegram to organise - and gather in large numbers quickly.

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The camaraderie between Hong Kong and Thailand protesters was on display in Bangkok on Sunday, with demonstrators chanting "return independence to As images of Thai police using water cannon on unarmed protesters went viral, Hong Kong activists shared tips on how to handle such a situation.

Hong Kong activists , meanwhile, took to social media over the weekend with declarations of solidarity with the Thai protesters, encouraging them to continue following the fluid style of demonstrations they had pioneered. Observers see cooperation between the two sides as part of a growing movement

In Thailand the use of Telegram has skyrocketed in recent days. Protesters have used it to co-ordinate rallies since the government ban on political gatherings of more than four people was implemented last week.

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A group started by Free Youth, a key protest collective, reached the maximum 200,000 subscribers soon after it launched. Thai authorities have responded by ordering internet providers to block the app.

While many Thais are joining Telegram as non-protesting observers, active members use the groups to strategise - from where protests should take place to updates on police whereabouts.

Like the Hong Kong protesters, Thai activists have been putting decisions to a vote. On Monday the main Free Youth Facebook page asked supporters if they should take a break by hitting the “care” emoticon to pick a rest and the “wow” emoticon to protest. They decided to keep going.

'A moving current': Thai protesters adopt Hong Kong tactics

  'A moving current': Thai protesters adopt Hong Kong tactics Umbrellas as shields, secure chat groups and hand signals as warnings of a pending police crackdown -- Thailand's pro-democracy protesters have taken inspiration and lessons from their counterparts in Hong Kong. Despite the similarities, however, Hong Kong has not seen deadly state crackdowns of the kind Thailand has witnessed in the past against democracy movements. One user on Hong Kong's Reddit-like forum, LIHKG, quipped it was unnecessary for Hong Kong to teach Thais how to protest."They had more coups than you've had meals," he wrote. "When they used grenades in 2014, you were still singing protest songs.

" Hong Kong activists adapted techniques used by protesters in many parts of the world and gave them Hong Kong people have shown solidarity with Thai protesters through online messages and "Their cross-border support will help young people in Thailand to feel empowered and allow them to

A Hong Kong pro-democracy politician who abruptly fled the city last week fearing jail has had his some of bank accounts frozen amid a Shortly after Hui’s arrival he discovered that Hong Kong authorities had initially frozen several of his family’s bank accounts, including an account with HSBC.

a group of people standing next to a fence: Protests in Thailand (L) and Hong Kong (R) have been largely leaderless © Getty Images/Collage Protests in Thailand (L) and Hong Kong (R) have been largely leaderless

Thai protesters are now trying to "remain as flat as possible, making leadership open and replaceable", says Aim Sinpeng, a political scientist at the University of Sydney. "This is very different from past protests in Thailand that tended to be personalised around leaders who are often influential people."

The use of the hashtag #everybodyisaleader has been growing on social media in recent days, an attempt to "re-pivot the movement... to protect itself from state persecution", says Dr Aim, whose research focuses on digital politics in South East Asia.

A new language of protest: Hand signs and a 'jungle phone'

Over the weekend a new language evolved on the streets of Bangkok. The building blocks were borrowed from Hong Kong.

To signal they needed helmets, activists raised their hands in a triangle above their heads. By crossing their fingers they showed someone was injured. Swirling an index finger in an anti-clockwise direction was a warning to disperse.

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https://twitter.com/suzu17_/status/1317399640224923648

The savvy use of hand signals was first observed in Hong Kong where they became indispensable for protesters communicating across huge crowds. Thai activists have incorporated this language of signs as well as sprouting homegrown signals shared through infographics on social media.

Since their loudspeakers were confiscated activists have also resorted to other innovative communication methods, says Wasana Wongsurawat, an associate professor of history at Chulalongkorn University.

At a protest in Bangkok on Saturday she watched activists deploy what she describes as “a jungle telephone” to signal police arrivals or request equipment such as umbrellas for those on the protest frontlines.

“Someone would shout ‘the water canons are coming’. Then people in the crowd started repeating the phrase. Within two minutes the message travelled from one end of the demonstration to the other,” Dr Wasana tells the BBC, adding the rally disbanded before the suspected equipment arrived.

a store front at night: Police used water cannons to disperse pro-democracy protesters © Getty Images Police used water cannons to disperse pro-democracy protesters

Beyond borders: #StandWithThailand

While the Thai and Hong Kong protests are both rooted in unique local grievances, their activists see commonalities in their situations.

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In Thailand demonstrators are demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, a former coup leader who became premier last year after disputed elections. They are also urging reform of the country’s powerful monarchy, an unprecedented challenge to an institution shielded from criticism by law.

In Hong Kong, activists have also sought the resignation of their leader, Chief Executive Carrie Lam, as they demand universal suffrage and protest against the rising influence of Beijing in the semi-autonomous territory’s affairs.

In both places democracy campaigners have come to see their political struggles as shared in a new era of protests.

https://m.facebook.com/TH4HK/photos/a.135346541244184/360602085385294/?type=3&source=48

Earlier this year they dubbed themselves the Milk Tea Alliance - a loose online coalition of activists from Thailand, Hong Kong and Taiwan - referring to the classic drink popular in all three places.

  • The Milk Tea Alliance and other creative protest methods

Thai protest leaders have often said the Hong Kong movement has inspired them. And Hong Kong activists have expressed their solidarity, offering tips on protective protest wear, internet security and first aid.

a person holding a sign: Hong Kong's Joshua Wong has stood in solidarity with Thailand © Getty Images Hong Kong's Joshua Wong has stood in solidarity with Thailand

Prominent Hong Kong activist Joshua Wong regularly tweets in support of the Thai movement with the hashtag #StandWithThailand. Last week he wrote: “People should not be afraid of their governments. Only governments should be afraid of their people.”

The new generation of protesters in Thailand and Hong Kong have stood out both for their youth and also their skill at harnessing modern technology.

“The culture of protest in Thailand in 2020 is the culture of protest of internet natives,” says Dr Wasana, pointing to how adept the activists are at spreading their messages on social media.

By borrowing from the Hong Kong playbook activists hope to sustain their movement.

"There's no other example of high school and college kids fighting water cannons and tear gas for such a long period of time," the historian adds.

The whole nature of protest is shifting across South East Asia, says Bridget Welsh, an honorary research associate at the University of Nottingham in Malaysia.

Democracy activists in Thailand and Hong Kong, as well as countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia, are "adapting to growing authoritarianism in a globalised world" with fast-changing tactics that harness the power of technology and visual representation.

Additional reporting by Thanyarat Doksone and Grace Tsoi

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