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World Libya timeline: Haftar’s offensive to a ceasefire

23:17  23 october  2020
23:17  23 october  2020 Source:   aljazeera.com

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Libya ’ s rival administrations signed a ceasefire more than 18 months after renegade commander Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive to seize the capital, Tripoli, from the United Nations-recognised government. Here is a timeline of events: Haftar orders advance.

Warring parties in Libya on Friday agreed an historic ceasefire I welcome the signing of a ceasefire agreement by the Libyan parties in Geneva under the auspices of the @UN . Supporters of the UN-recognized Government in Tripoli have been under siege for months, following an offensive by forces

Libya’s rival administrations signed a ceasefire more than 18 months after renegade commander Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive to seize the capital, Tripoli, from the United Nations-recognised government.

a man standing in front of a truck: Libya's rival administrations have signed a ceasefire after more than 18 months of heavy fighting [File: Mahmud Turkia/AFP] © Libya's rival administrations have signed a ceasefire after more than 18 months of heavy fighting [F... Libya's rival administrations have signed a ceasefire after more than 18 months of heavy fighting [File: Mahmud Turkia/AFP]

Here is a timeline of events:

Haftar orders advance

On April 4, 2019, Haftar orders his troops to advance on Tripoli, the seat since 2016 of the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), which he claims is backed by “terrorist” groups.

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A months-long offensive by forces loyal to renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar to seize Libya ’ s capital from the UN-recognised government has killed hundreds of As world powers push efforts for a ceasefire , here is a timeline of major events since the launch of the Tripoli push in April.

Libya 's UN-recognised government on Thursday rejected a truce unilaterally called the day before by military Any " ceasefire needs to have international safeguards and mechanisms" to monitor its Since launching an offensive to seize Tripoli last April, several cease - fires between Haftar ' s forces

Haftar supports a rival administration based in the eastern city of Tobruk, and his forces already control the country’s main oil fields in the south.

The increase in tensions comes several days before a national conference, long under preparation at the UN, to establish a political way forward for the chaotic country.

The next day, the UN Security Council calls on Haftar’s forces to halt their advance.

On April 7, the GNA announces it has launched a counteroffensive.

On April 19, the White House says United States President Donald Trump recognised Haftar’s “significant role in fighting terrorism and securing Libya’s oil resources”.

In a blow to the ambitious commander’s campaign, GNA forces move on June 26 to retake the town of Gharyan, the main supply base for Haftar’s forces southwest of Tripoli.

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Khalifa Haftar ’ s Libyan National Army says it intercepted a Turkish ship heading to the port of Misrata. Libya timeline : Haftar ’ s offensive to a ceasefire . Libya ’s nearly decade-long conflict has killed thousands people and displaced tens of thousands of others.

Libyan military commander Khalifa Haftar accepted a truce to halt a nine-month-long offensive to seize the capital Tripoli following calls by Turkey The presidents of Russia and Turkey, who back rival sides in the North African state’ s civil war, had earlier this week called for a ceasefire starting Sunday.

International involvement

On November 27, Turkey and the GNA sign a deal covering military cooperation and maritime boundaries, allowing Ankara to claim rights over areas coveted by other countries, including Greece.

A UN report on December 10 accuses several countries of breaching a 2011 arms embargo by supplying both camps.

On January 5, 2020, Turkey announces the deployment of Turkish troops to Libya.

Fragile ceasefire

Turkey and Russia broker a ceasefire that comes into effect on January 12.

The next day in Moscow, GNA chief Fayez al-Sarraj signs the deal – but Haftar leaves a day later without doing so.

Mercenaries

UN experts confirm in early May that mercenaries from the Wagner Group, a Russian paramilitary organisation said to be close to Russian President Vladimir Putin, are fighting in Libya in support of Haftar, alongside Syrian fighters from Damascus.

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Haftar ’ s self-styled Libyan National Army, backed by the United Arab Emirates, is leading a multi-pronged assault on the capital in an attempt to overthrow the Tripoli-based GNA. The death toll issued by the GNA and confirmed by Tripoli hospitals suggest Haftar ’ s hopes of an immediate collapse of the

Libya ' s renegade Gen. Khalifa Haftar has declared a ceasefire , ending a nine-month campaign to seize the capital, Tripoli.

Pro-Turkish Syrian fighters have also been sent to help the GNA, Ankara confirms in February.

Since then, hundreds of Russian mercenaries have been evacuated from the Tripoli front.

Government takes back control

On May 18, the unity government says its forces seized the strategic al-Watiya airbase, 140km (87 miles) southwest of Tripoli, the latest setback for Haftar.

On June 3 government forces retake the disused Tripoli International Airport after heavy fighting. The next day the GNA says it is back in full control of the capital and its suburbs.

On June 5, it says it has overrun Haftar’s last western stronghold.

A day later government forces launch an offensive for the central town of Sirte, a strategic crossroads between east and west and a gateway to the oil fields.

Egypt threatens intervention

On June 11, the UN voices “horror” after reports that mass graves had been discovered in an area recently seized by the GNA.

Later that month, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi threatens “direct” intervention if GNA forces advance on Sirte, which he describes as a “red line”.

Ceasefire

On August 21, the rival administrations announce in separate statements that they will cease all hostilities and organise nationwide elections soon.

On October 21, they agree to open internal land and air routes and to increase oil production. Two days later they sign a “permanent” ceasefire agreement following five days of UN-hosted talks in Geneva.

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan questions the viability of the ceasefire, saying it was not made “at the highest level”.

Libyan PM al-Serraj takes back resignation .
Al-Serraj will remain in office until ongoing intra-Libyan political dialogue comes to an end, gov’t said.The announcement on Friday by the Libyan government spokesman Galib al-Zaklai comes a day after the High Council of State urged al-Serraj, the head of the Tripoli-based internationally recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), to stay until a new presidential council is selected to avoid a political vacuum detrimental to Libya’s stability.

usr: 0
This is interesting!