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World Libya: agreement of the two rival camps for a "permanent cease-fire"

01:50  24 october  2020
01:50  24 october  2020 Source:   pressfrom.com

Notorious Libyan people smuggler detained

  Notorious Libyan people smuggler detained Abd al-Rahman al-Milad was sanctioned by the UN in 2018 for violence against migrants in Libya.Libya's internationally-recognised government announced the detention of Abd al-Rahman al-Milad, known as Bija, on Wednesday.

Rival parties in Libya on Friday signed a permanent ceasefire agreement with “immediate effect”, after five days of talks in Geneva organized by the UN which Shortly after, the Libyan National Petroleum Company (NOC) gave the green light to the resumption of oil exports from two of the country’s main

The U.N. mission in Libya said the meetings through Wednesday would discuss implementing and monitoring the cease - fire , along The October cease - fire deal included the return of armed groups and military units “to their camps ” and that all foreign mercenaries be out of the oil-rich country within

Poignée de main entre le représentant du gouvernement d'union nationale (GNA) (d) et le représentant des autorités alliées du maréchal Khalifa Haftar, en présence de Stephanie Williams (c), cheffe par intérim de la Mission d'appui de l'ONU en Libye (Manul), le 123 octobre 2020 à Genève © Violaine Martin Handshake between the representative of the government of national unity (GNA) (d) and the representative of the allied authorities of the marshal Khalifa Haftar, in the presence of Stephanie Williams (c), Acting Head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (Manul), October 123, 2020 in Geneva

Rival parties in Libya signed a ceasefire agreement on Friday -the permanent fire with "immediate effect", after five days of discussions in Geneva organized by the UN which hailed a "turning point" for peace in this country plagued by violence.

Soon after, the Libyan National Petroleum Company (NOC) gave the green light for the resumption of oil exports from two of the country's main terminals which were blocked due to disputes between the two camps.

Libya: Military leaders resume UN-sponsored talks

  Libya: Military leaders resume UN-sponsored talks Monday’s meeting is part of three-track talks aimed at ending the North African country’s long-running conflict.Monday’s meeting marks the fourth round of talks involving the Joint Military Commission under the auspices of the United Nations support mission for Libya (UNSMIL).

Ahead of the cease - fire agreement , talks in Egypt and Morocco resulted in positive steps by the warring sides, including a preliminary deal aimed at guiding the country toward elections within 18 months and demilitarizing the contested city of Sirte.

Libya ’s two main rival leaders, Prime Minister Fayez Sarraj and Gen. Khalifa Hifter, each named five members of a military committee that will represent Merkel said the summit participants agreed that they will give no further support to the warring parties in Libya ahead of the committee’s meeting and

"The two Libyan delegations (...) signed a comprehensive, national and permanent ceasefire agreement with immediate effect" at the UN headquarters in Geneva, announced Stephanie Williams, Acting Head of the Mission UN support in Libya (Manul).

Plunged into chaos since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi's regime in 2011, Libya, which has the most abundant reserves in Africa, is torn between two powers: the Government of National Unity (GNA), recognized by the UN and based in Tripoli, and the allied authorities of Marshal Khalifa Haftar, strongman of the East supported by part of the elected Parliament.

Stephanie Williams, cheffe par intérim de la Mission d'appui de l'ONU en Libye (Manul) (c) et les représentants des deux parties rivales en Libye, le 23 octobre 2020 à Genève © Violaine Martin Stephanie Williams, Acting Head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (Manul) (c) and representatives of the two rival parties in Libya, October 23, 2020 in Geneva

Marshal Haftar is militarily supported by Egypt, Russia and the United Arab Emirates while the GNA of Fayez al-Sarraj receives the support of Turkey.

Libya: concrete measures to end the crisis, the UN "fairly" optimistic

 Libya: concrete measures to end the crisis, the UN © Abdullah DOMA View of the Libyan refinery in Ras Lanouf, January 11, 2017 The parties to the conflict in Libya have agreed in Geneva to reopen the main land routes and internal air links, the first concrete measures announced Wednesday by the UN which said it was cautiously optimistic about a lasting ceasefire in the country.

Libya 's two main rival leaders, Prime Minister Fayez Sarraj and Gen. Khalifa Hifter, said the two men named members of a military committee that will Guterres underlined the urgency of that next step, saying all the participants committed to "put pressure on the parties for a full cease - fire to be reached.”

Libya descended into chaos after the 2011 uprising that toppled longtime autocrat Moammar Gadhafi and led to the oil-rich North African country becoming Ahead of the cease - fire agreement , talks in Egypt and Morocco resulted in positive steps by the warring sides, including a preliminary deal aimed

The two sides agreed that "all military units and armed groups on the front line must return to their camps," added Ms. Williams.

This will be "accompanied by the departure of all mercenaries and foreign fighters from all Libyan territory, land, air and sea, within a maximum period of three months from today", she continued.

Le cessez-le-feu conclu par les parties en conflit en Libye prend effet de façon © Provided by AFP The ceasefire concluded by the parties to the conflict in Libya takes effect "immediately", indicates the UN envoy for Libya, after the signing of the agreement in Geneva.

- "Fundamental step" -

Mr. Sarraj, who was absent in Geneva just like Marshal Haftar, praised the role of Manul in the outcome of this agreement for "a peace based on justice and guarantees that distance the specter of war ".

Marshal Haftar did not immediately comment on the UN announcement.

The two rival camps had announced in August a cessation of hostilities and negotiations had accelerated in recent weeks to define the conditions for a lasting truce.

How the world reacted to Libya ceasefire deal

  How the world reacted to Libya ceasefire deal The two main warring parties in Libya have signed a ceasefire agreement in Geneva, the UN says.After mediation this week led by UN envoy for Libya, the 5+5 Joint Military Commission reached what the UN called a “historic achievement” and an “important turning point towards peace and stability in Libya”.

The UN special envoy on Libya on Friday announced the signing of a cease - fire agreement between the delegations of both main warring parties Stephanie Turcos Williams, who heads the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), said the Libyan parties reached an agreement for a " permanent "

Libya ’s two main rival leaders, Prime Minister Fayez Sarraj and Gen. Khalifa Hifter, said the two men named members of a military committee that will Guterres underlined the urgency of that next step, saying all the participants committed to “put pressure on the parties for a full cease - fire to be reached.”

Marshal Haftar tried between April 2019 and June 2020 to conquer Tripoli militarily, without success. This fighting has left hundreds dead and tens of thousands of people fleeing.

For the population, exhausted by the conflict and the divisions, this permanent ceasefire represents a ray of hope.

This is the "successful outcome" of the efforts of the UN and the joint military commission meeting in Geneva, with five members representing the GNA and five others Marshal Haftar, said Libyan analyst Mohamed Eljarh .

United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres hailed "a fundamental step towards peace and stability in Libya", calling on "regional actors to respect the provisions of the agreement (... ) and to ensure its application without delay ".

The United States also welcomed the agreement, urging "domestic and external actors to support the good faith implementation of the agreement."

- Ankara skeptical -

Turkey has questioned the viability of the ceasefire. Stressing that the agreement had not been concluded "at the highest level", President Recep Tayyip Erdogan considered that it "seemed (to) lack credibility".

While the European Union hailed "good news", Germany, at the forefront of the search for a political settlement of the conflict, saw in this agreement "a good basis for the forthcoming development of a solution Politics".

Italy, a former colonial power in Libya, saw the agreement as a "turning point of crucial importance for the stability of Libya".

British Foreign Minister Dominic Raab said for his part that the United Kingdom would continue "to support Manul and the Libyan parties to achieve a peaceful and lasting solution to the conflict".

Qatar and Saudi Arabia have also expressed their satisfaction, hoping that this agreement paves the way for the consolidation of a full political understanding and benefits a bloodless economy.

apo / noo / pz / rb / elm / vl

Justice and accountability key to Libya peace: Human Rights Watch .
Rights watchdog says ‘failure to see justice done will only hamper aspirations for durable peace’.“Failure to see justice done will only hamper aspirations for a durable peace,” warned the rights group’s senior Libya researcher, Hanan Salah, on Thursday.

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