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World ‘Libya deserves better’: Hope, doubts follow ceasefire deal

13:26  24 october  2020
13:26  24 october  2020 Source:   aljazeera.com

New fighting over Karabakh despite ceasefire

  New fighting over Karabakh despite ceasefire A new ceasefire agreed between Armenia and Azerbaijan to halt fighting over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh was again failing to hold on Monday as both sides accused each other of fresh attacks. The truce, backed by international mediators to put a stop to three weeks of fighting that has left hundreds dead, was supposed to have come into force at midnight Sunday but both sides immediately accused each other of violating the deal. TheThe truce, backed by international mediators to put a stop to three weeks of fighting that has left hundreds dead, was supposed to have come into force at midnight Sunday but both sides immediately accused each other of violating the deal.

Libya ’s warring sides have signed an agreement for “a permanent ceasefire in all areas of Libya ”, says the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan questioned the viability of a permanent ceasefire signed The official spoke after UN acting Libya envoy Stephanie Williams said there were good

GENEVA (Reuters) - Libya ’s warring sides signed an agreement for a permanent ceasefire in all areas of the country on Friday, months after frontlines stabilised following a failed eastern assault on the capital Tripoli. The accord, concluded in Geneva after talks between military representatives of the

Libyans have reacted with a mix of hope and doubts after the signing of a nationwide ceasefire deal intended to pave the way towards a political solution to the country’s conflict.

a car driving on a city street: Cars drive near shell-pocked buildings in Libya's eastern coastal city of Benghazi after a ceasefire agreement was signed [Abdullah Doma/AFP] © Cars drive near shell-pocked buildings in Libya's eastern coastal city of Benghazi after a ceasefire... Cars drive near shell-pocked buildings in Libya's eastern coastal city of Benghazi after a ceasefire agreement was signed [Abdullah Doma/AFP]

While observers have welcomed the United Nations-backed deal, few are under any illusions about the difficulties of turning it into lasting peace on the ground.

“We’ve seen a lot of deals in the past,” said Hassan Mahmud al-Obeydi, a 40-year-old secondary school teacher from the eastern city of Benghazi. “What’s important is the implementation.”

Libya: concrete measures to end the crisis, the UN "fairly" optimistic

 Libya: concrete measures to end the crisis, the UN © Abdullah DOMA View of the Libyan refinery in Ras Lanouf, January 11, 2017 The parties to the conflict in Libya have agreed in Geneva to reopen the main land routes and internal air links, the first concrete measures announced Wednesday by the UN which said it was cautiously optimistic about a lasting ceasefire in the country.

The opposing parties in the Libyan conflict signed a deal on Friday for a permanent nationwide ceasefire , the UN said, adding that the move The ceasefire accord between the two delegations of the Libyan 5+5 Joint Military Commission was reached at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva

The rival sides in Libya ’s conflict signed a permanent cease - fire Friday, a deal the United Nations billed as historic after years of fighting that has split the "I am cautiously hopeful the ceasefire agreed today in Geneva can actually be implemented, that's one thing. The second thing I also hope it can be

Friday’s deal was signed in Geneva by military delegates from the two main warring parties in the North African country, which plunged into violence in 2011 with the NATO-backed revolt that toppled former leader Muammar Gaddafi.

The Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) and rival forces led by renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar agreed to withdraw from the front lines, start demobilising armed groups and set about integrating them into the state.

Crucially, the deal also calls for the departure of all foreign forces from Libyan soil within three months.

“It’s good that the two sides have been prepared to compromise, but the devil is in the detail,” said Peter Millett, a former British ambassador to Libya. “There are an awful lot of questions. A key one is – will countries that have been sponsors of military forces in Libya support this compromise?”

How the world reacted to Libya ceasefire deal

  How the world reacted to Libya ceasefire deal The two main warring parties in Libya have signed a ceasefire agreement in Geneva, the UN says.After mediation this week led by UN envoy for Libya, the 5+5 Joint Military Commission reached what the UN called a “historic achievement” and an “important turning point towards peace and stability in Libya”.

Germany is to press ahead with a Libya peace conference on Sunday even though talks in Moscow ended fruitlessly, with Libya ’s eastern strongman Gen Khalifa Haftar leaving without signing a ceasefire agreement to end nine months of fighting in the country.

Libya : Rival leaders agree to ceasefire in France-hosted talks Libya 's two main rival leaders have agreed to establish a plan for ending the civil war.

Both camps in Libya’s complex war have received extensive backing from foreign powers.

Friday’s deal comes four months after Haftar’s Russian- and Emirati-backed forces gave up their yearlong attempt to seize the capital, Tripoli, a battle that killed hundreds of people and displaced tens of thousands.

In June, Haftar withdrew from western Libya in the face of a blistering counterattack by forces supporting the GNA which is backed by Turkey.

The battle had further deepened the bitter mistrust between the rival political camps and their military allies, as well as common Libyans.

“The war caused terrible social divisions,” said Obeydi. “Work is needed immediately, right now, to rebuild and to heal the deep wounds in Libyan society.”

‘Ready to react’

“We have experience with a previous agreement, which was five days before Haftar’s attack on Tripoli, during which he destroyed the capital’s infrastructure and killed many people,” pro-GNA fighter Salim Atouch said, voicing doubts the ceasefire would hold.

Libya timeline: Haftar’s offensive to a ceasefire

  Libya timeline: Haftar’s offensive to a ceasefire Libya’s nearly decade-long conflict has killed thousands people and displaced tens of thousands of others.Here is a timeline of events:

Any Libyan actor or faction that precipitates further civil conflict are harming innocent people and standing in the way of the peace that Libyans deserve ." The U.N. special envoy to Libya said on Saturday he was determined to hold Libya 's national conference on time despite the ongoing fighting.

“The ceasefire would mean saving lives, and this would be a good decision for our country,” another man said. In the town of Azaz, which is held by moderate rebels In the hours leading up to the declaration of a partial ceasefire in Syria, residents in Damascus expressed their hope that it will hold.

“I hope this won’t be like previous agreements, meaning we go back to war again. We will abide by it, but we are ready to react at any moment if it’s violated.”

The Geneva talks were the military part of a process led by the UN’s Libya mission UNSMIL.

Separate political talks that start on Monday aim to create a new governing body and prepare for elections.

Mohamed Dorda, co-founder and consulting director of geopolitical risk consultancy Libya Desk, said the ceasefire was a positive step that “creates a basis for the political talks”.

“Libya needs a security arrangement to allow a government to be set up. If we don’t deal with the security crisis, we will find ourselves in same situation in a few years.”

Massoud al-Fotmani, a 57-year-old from Benghazi who runs a group of food stores, said he hoped the ceasefire would hold.

“The war has caused a terrible economic downturn,” he said. “We’ve lost a lot of money because of the cutting of commercial ties between east and west due to the roads being closed.”

English teacher Mayssoon Khalifa, who works at a private school in Tripoli, echoed his call for lasting peace.

Libya: agreement of the two rival camps for a "permanent cease-fire"

 Libya: agreement of the two rival camps for a © Violaine Martin Handshake between the representative of the government of national unity (GNA) (d) and the representative of the allied authorities of the marshal Khalifa Haftar, in the presence of Stephanie Williams (c), Acting Head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (Manul), October 123, 2020 in Geneva Rival parties in Libya signed a ceasefire agreement on Friday -the permanent fire with "immediate effect", after five days of discussions in Geneva organized by the UN which hailed a "turning

Russia said on Saturday a Syria ceasefire plan was more likely to fail than succeed, as Syrian government forces backed by Russian air strikes took rebel

Following 6 hours of grueling negotiations, including direct negotiations between Putin and Erdogan A ceasefire will begin at midnight. Russia and Turkey will jointly patrol the M4 highway (M5 now I hope that Russia, Iran, Syria and Iraq will continue to work together, hopefully with Chinese aid, to

“Many are hopeful, but not optimistic,” she said. “I sincerely wish that this deal will hold. Libya deserves better.”

Libyan PM al-Serraj takes back resignation .
Al-Serraj will remain in office until ongoing intra-Libyan political dialogue comes to an end, gov’t said.The announcement on Friday by the Libyan government spokesman Galib al-Zaklai comes a day after the High Council of State urged al-Serraj, the head of the Tripoli-based internationally recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), to stay until a new presidential council is selected to avoid a political vacuum detrimental to Libya’s stability.

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This is interesting!