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World Armenia cedes disputed land to Azerbaijan in Karabakh peace deal

09:55  15 november  2020
09:55  15 november  2020 Source:   msn.com

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  United in Faith for the Future of Karabakh | Opinion Azerbaijan does not play the role of invader—Muslim or otherwise—that has been chosen for us. We only hope to recover what was lost nearly thirty years ago.We may be of different faiths, but we are all of one nationality—Azerbaijani—and our country, we are told, is playing the role often reserved for Islam in this fictional war of religion.

Armenia on Sunday was due to begin handing over disputed territory to Azerbaijan as part of a peace accord that ended six weeks of fierce fighting over the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

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Residents of the Kalbajar district in Azerbaijan that was controlled by Armenian separatists for decades began a mass exodus of the mountainous province in the days leading up to the official withdrawal day.

AFP journalists saw fleeing residents pile furniture and kitchenware into vehicles before leaving for Armenia and some among the departing ethnic-Armenians said they had exhumed graves they feared would be desecrated by Azerbaijanis.

Thick plumes of smoke were rising over the valley near the village of Charektar after residents set their homes on fire preferring to leave devastation in their wake and homes that would be uninhabitable by Azerbaijanis.

A Russian peacekeeping contingent deployed this week to Nagorno-Karabakh. They set up checkpoints and positions in the region's administrative centre, Stepanakert, as part of the terms of the accord that sees Armenia cede swathes of territory that Azerbaijan's forces gained in the fighting.

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  Putin ‘Betrays’ Allies to Let Turkey Win the Peace in Nagorno-Karabakh MOSCOW—Heavy Russian military trucks rolled toward the border with the disputed, ethnic Armenian region of Nagorno-Karabakh on Tuesday, just a few hours after President Vladimir Putin announced a Russian-brokered peace deal to end a six-week war in the Caucasus. Russia planned to deploy more than 1600 soldiers to keep the peace but left in place military gains by Azerbaijan and its ally Turkey. The shifting military situation in the south Caucasus, all while the United States is distracted by the aftermath of the presidential election, made many in both in Moscow and Yerevan wonder why Putin would tolerate Turkey sharing Russian influence in the region, a crossroad

Moscow's peacekeeping mission, which the military said included soldiers that previously were stationed in Syria, comprises some 2,000 troops for a renewable five-year mission.

The ex-Soviet rivals agreed to end hostilities earlier this week after efforts by Russia, France and the US to get a ceasefire fell through during the nearly two months of clashes.

A key part of the peace deal includes Armenia's return of Kalbajar, as well as the Aghdam district by November 20 and the Lachin district by December 1, which have been held by Armenians since a devastating war in the 1990s.

- Outrage over peace deal -

Armenia conceded on Saturday that 2,317 fighters were killed in clashes in which both sides accused the other of targeting civilian infrastructure.

Azerbaijan has not revealed its military casualties and the real toll after weeks of fighting is expected to be much higher.

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  Viewpoint: Unlikely victors in Karabakh conflict Alexander Gabuev argues that Russia and Turkey have extended their influence with the end of fighting.For Turkey, the war in Karabakh was a showcase for Ankara's growing role in the strategically important South Caucasus.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin on Friday said the number of fatalities had surpassed 4,000 and that tens of thousands of people had been forced to flee their homes.

Before departing en masse, Armenians flocked to the Dadivank monastery nestled in a gorge in Kalbajar for a final visit before it was ceded to Azerbaijan, with AFP journalists witnessing a dozen women ask to be baptised at the religious site.

Kalbajar was almost exclusively populated by ethnic Azerbaijanis before they were expelled by Armenians in the 1990s war following the break up of the Soviet Union, and a majority of the homes being abandoned previously belonged to Azerbaijanis.

The Armenian government controversially subsidised the region's settlement by ethnic Armenians.

The peace accord with Azerbaijan has sparked a week of protests in Armenia where demonstrations and opposition parties are calling for Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan to resign.

The former head of Armenia's national security service Artur Vanetsyan was arrested on Saturday on charges of plotting to kill Pashinyan and seize power.

Azerbaijan has pushed for Ankara's involvement in the settlement and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said this week his country would jointly supervise the ceasefire with Russia.

Turkey, a key ally of Azerbaijan, was widely accused by Western countries, Russia and Armenia of dispatching mercenaries from Syria to reinforce Azerbaijan's army.

But Russia has ruled out Ankara's direct involvement in the peacekeeping mission and instead insisted Turkey would instead monitor the mission from an observation centre on Azerbaijan's territory.

 

The EU suffered a major loss in Nagorno-Karabakh .
Brussels did little, as Moscow scored yet another strategic victory on the EU’s eastern periphery.Armenia agreed to a full retreat. Pashinyan sent an emotional message to his nation on Facebook, where he expressed sadness and regret over ending the war, but said this was the best logical choice. Naturally so. The Armenian forces were losing multiple villages a day and were pushed out of Shusha, a strategic town along the corridor connecting Stepanakert, the Nagorno-Karabakh capital, to Armenia.

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