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World Fact Check: Do You Need a COVID-19 Vaccine If You Already Have Had the Virus?

01:26  04 december  2020
01:26  04 december  2020 Source:   newsweek.com

The creator of AstraZeneca's coronavirus vaccine is a mum to triplets. Her children participated in the trial.

  The creator of AstraZeneca's coronavirus vaccine is a mum to triplets. Her children participated in the trial. AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford announced Monday that their COVID-19 vaccine was 70% effective, on average. The vaccine's creator, Sarah Gilbert, had faith in its efficacy from the start: Her triplets participated in the UK trial. "This vaccine should do what we always wanted it to do," Gilbert said on Monday. "We wanted a vaccine for the world, not just for high-income countries." Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

However, a COVID - 19 vaccine may not be available for young children until more studies are completed. CDC is working with partners across the country to make sure people have the information they need to be confident in deciding to get vaccinated .

Facts First: It remains unclear if those already infected with the virus are immune to any reinfection. Additionally, it' s unknown how long any sort of immunity would "Yes, the grand majority of people that have had Covid - 19 do develop an antibody response," Gordon said. "However, although the scientific

COVID-19 cases continue to hit daily records in the U.S., and vaccines are on the horizon.

chart: COVID vaccine doses © STATISTA COVID vaccine doses

Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna are the leaders in creating FDA-approved vaccines, with Pfizer's showing a 95 percent efficacy rate and Moderna's at 94.1 percent. No vaccine has been approved in the U.S. as of December 1, but both developers applied for emergency use authorizations through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in late November. Both companies said their vaccines will require an initial dose and a booster a few weeks later.

The Question

Now that vaccines appear imminent, people are asking if being vaccinated is needed if they already have been diagnosed with COVID-19.

In China, nearly 1 million people have reportedly already gotten a coronavirus vaccine

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Russia has over 20 years of experience in developing technology for producing vaccines . This helped to create the unique Covid - 19 vaccine in a very short period of Having a technological platform and understanding of what is transmitting the virus , you can design a vaccine against almost any disease.

Since COVID - 19 coronavirus vaccines are still under development, now is the time to set vaccine To stop the pandemic, the number of new infections per day needs to drop to zero, or at least to a So, when 5% of the population has already been infected with the virus , the best that you can do is

Since the initial coronavirus outbreak in the U.S. earlier this year, approximately 13.6 million cases have been reported across the nation, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). But are coronavirus antibodies strong enough to give an individual previously diagnosed with COVID-19 immunity from the virus?

The CDC's website suggests that early evidence proposes the idea that the antibodies of the coronavirus "may not last very long." However, they cannot comment on the issue until a vaccine is provided and they are given recommendations by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP).

The Facts

On December 2, Operation Warp Speed (OWS), which is a government public-private partnership put together to facilitate development, manufacturing and distribution of 300 million safe doses of COVID-19 vaccine by January, held a briefing regarding the coronavirus pandemic.

You may have seen pictures of vaccine vials dated March 15 on social media. There's a simple explanation

  You may have seen pictures of vaccine vials dated March 15 on social media. There's a simple explanation Screen grabs of an AstraZeneca vaccine vial dated March 15, 2020 have spread on social media, with claims that the early date is proof that the pandemic was "planned". But there's a simple explanation.You can read the latest edition below, and to have the next newsletter delivered straight to your inbox.

Coronavirus ( COVID - 19 ) National restrictions in England until 2 December. Brexit transition Take action now for new rules in 2021. If you ’re currently getting tax credits and you cannot work or you ’re working fewer hours because of coronavirus, you do not need to tell HMRC about this change as

Coronavirus ( COVID - 19 ) National restrictions in England from 5 November. Contact your hospital department if you have any questions. Antibody testing to check if you ’ve had coronavirus before. Antibody tests are to help the NHS and scientists learn more about who has already had the virus

Dr. Moncef Slaoui, scientific head of OWS, referred to the current vaccine trials and how they have affected those participating.

"Here are the facts. In the trials, people were recruited on the basis of not having had COVID, clinical COVID disease, so symptoms, etc.," Slaoui said. "On that basis they were recruited, it turns out anywhere between 5 and 10 percent of the subjects recruited were zero positive to COVID-19. In other words, they most likely had asymptomatic or very mildly symptomatic disease and didn't notice it.

"So what we know is that the vaccines are safe in these populations, and quite significant numbers of zero positives have been immunized and their immune responses are being analyzed."

Dr. Mark Siedner, an infectious disease clinician and clinical epidemiologist at Massachusetts General Hospital, agreed that there is not enough evidence to know if the vaccination benefits those with prior infection.

"On one hand, we know that some people, and particularly those with poor immune systems, appear to remain at risk for re-infection," Siedner told Newsweek. "But on the other hand, re-infection appears to be an incredibly rare phenomenon. There are only a handful of cases in the literature."

The first batch of coronavirus vaccines, once approved, are expected to be enough for 20 million people, less than the amount of frontline and high-risk individuals in the country.

"The decision whether or not to vaccinate those previously infected has completely different implications for the top two groups on the vaccination priority list: older individuals in long-term care facilities and healthcare workers," Siedner said. "For the former, vaccination primarily serves the purpose of preventing severe disease. But for the latter, vaccination is most important for prevention of transmission to others."

How Australia's planned COVID-19 vaccine rollout compares to United Kingdom, United States and Russia's coronavirus response

  How Australia's planned COVID-19 vaccine rollout compares to United Kingdom, United States and Russia's coronavirus response How does Australia place in its planned COVID-19 vaccine rollout compared to the rest of the world? Here's where some of the prominent global players and our closest neighbours stand. AustraliaThe Federal Government says it is prioritising the safety of Australians, as it waits on four vaccine candidates to pass certain stages in their approval process.The Australian Government has signed a deal to take 10 million doses of the Pfizer vaccine, which will cover 5 million people based on the two doses needed.

That is a major reason why the uncertainty of the effect the COVID-19 vaccines might have on those who have previously contracted the virus is a crucial question that needs to be answered, Siedner said.

"We need to remember that many of those infected previously are those who have been in the trenches, at the front line of the epidemic as healthcare workers, grocery workers, first responders, other essential workers, and under-represented minorities in geographic locations without sufficient healthcare access," he said.

"Deciding to exclude these individuals from a beneficial public health response program should not be taken lightly or it might only exacerbate many of the healthcare inequities that the COVID-19 epidemic has only illuminated."

The Answer

Unknown.

The lifespan of the coronavirus antibodies has not yet been identified, but how long a vaccine is effective also is unknown, experts said. The vaccine might protect people for weeks, months or years, but no one knows how long it will fight the virus, said Dr. James Yoon, an infectious disease specialist at New York-Presbyterian Hospital.

Once a vaccine is approved and distributed, experts recommend that everyone is vaccinated, beginning with high-risk individuals and front-line workers.

MP taunts rest of the world after UK wins race to develop COVID jab

  MP taunts rest of the world after UK wins race to develop COVID jab Both the EU and the United States lashed out after the UK's regulator approved the Pfizer BioNTech jab, which will begin roll-out to millions of vulnerable people next week in a world first. They raised safety questions over the speed at which the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) acted to approve the treatment.But the excitable Education Secretary fired an astonishing broadside back at them in a radio interview this morning. Critics included the US Covid supremo Anthony Fauci, who warned: 'If you go quickly and you do it superficially, people are not going to want to get vaccinated.

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Photos show how countries around the world are preparing to distribute COVID-19 vaccines as the pandemic rages with ferocity .
The world is preparing to move past the global COVID-19 pandemic that has killed more than 1.5 million people as vaccines begin to roll out to the public. The UK is expected to distribute Pfizer's vaccine for the novel coronavirus this week after British authorities approved it for emergency use on December 2. Photos show how different countries are preparing to receive mass shipments of the COVID-19 vaccine from Pfizer and BioNTech and other global pharmaceutical heavyweights. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

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