World Rwanda. French justice seized of the leak of genocidaires allowed in 1994
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Paul Rusesabagina, the polarising hero of the hit movie "Hotel Rwanda," went on trial Wednesday in a closely-watched case in Kigali where he stands accused of serious crimes including terrorism. Rusesabagina, whose actions during Rwanda's 1994 genocide inspired the movie, had been living abroad for years before appearing in Kigali under arrest in mysterious circumstances in October. His family and lawyers say he was abducted overseas and brought back to Rwanda illegally. They say that as he is an outspoken government critic, he cannot receive a fair trial there and that he has not been allowed to meet with international lawyers.
Associations and survivors of the genocide in Rwanda are asking French justice for new investigations after the discovery of a telegram.
Associations and survivors of the genocide inask the French justice to investigate the instructions given in 1994 by France not to question the authorities responsible for the , according to their letter consulted Tuesday by the 'AFP.
The lawyers of Survie, the International Federation of Human Rights and six survivors wrote to this effect to the magistrates in charge of the investigation into the possible responsibilities of the military-humanitarian operation Turquoise during the massacres of Bisesero at the end of June 1994.
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Relaunch the investigations
Relying on the recent revelation of a diplomatic telegram, they ask the magistrates to relaunch and broaden their investigations, in particular by hearing Alain Juppé, then Minister of Affairs foreigners, and that of his advisor at the time, Bernard Emié, current head of the General Directorate for External Security (DGSE).
This telegram " confidential diplomacy" of July 15, 1994, signed by Mr. Emié, asked the representative of the Quai d'Orsay at Operation Turquoise to transmit to those responsible for genocide, by "indirect channels" , the " want them to leave the Safe Humanitarian Zone" then controlled by the French military.
"You will stress that the international community and in particular the United Nations should very soon determine the conduct to be followed with regard to these so-called authorities", continued the text.
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This telegram, unveiled by Mediapart and consulted by AFP on February 15, was found in the archives of an adviser to President François Mitterrand by researcher François Graner, a member of Survie."A new element"
It was addressed to Ambassador Yannick Gérard in response to his request on the fate of these authorities, whom he suggested to arrest or to place under house arrest.
The lawyers ask that he too be heard as well as Hubert Védrine, Secretary General of the Élysée at the material time.
This telegram "is undoubtedly a new element" likely to relaunch the investigation, "in particular in that it highlights the active support of the highest French authorities for Rwandan officials", write lawyers Eric Plouvier , Olivier Foks, Laure Heinich, Karine Bourdie, Patrick Baudoin and Michel Tubiana.
These civil parties, who accuse Turquoise of having knowingly abandoned hundreds of Tutsis from the Bisesero hills to the genocidaires from June 27 to 30, 1994, have been trying for three years to relaunch the investigations. These were closed without prosecution in the summer of 2018, paving the way for a dismissal that has yet to be pronounced.
According to the UN, around 800,000 people, mainly in the Tutsi minority, were killed in three months in Rwanda in massacres started after the attack on President Habyarimana's plane on April 6, 1994.
Victims' law call amid falling confidence .
The victims' commissioner for England and Wales says victims have for too long been treated like bystanders. She said mounting evidence of a loss of confidence in criminal justice was driven by people's experiences. The government is introducing a new victims' code and has promised to consult on creating legal rights. In a wide-ranging report, Dame Vera said falling confidence in criminal justice could only be restored by treating victims as participants rather than outsiders in events that could have been pivotal moments in their lives.