World Low wages, poor parental leave hinder gender equality: World Bank
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Countries are making progress towards greater gender equality, but women around the world continue to face regulations that limit their economic opportunities -- and the pandemic has created new challenges, the World Bank said Tuesday.
"Reforms to remove obstacles to women's economic inclusion have been slow in many regions and uneven within them," the World Bank said in the latest edition of Women, Business and the Law 2021 report.
minimum wage in comparison: Germany in the middle of Europe
The minimum wage in this country is currently 9.50 euros. Scientists from the Böckler Foundation believe that twelve euros would be possible. © Photo: dpa Many hairdressers have benefited from the statutory minimum wage. In the Corona period, minimum wages also rise less sharply, but at least there was an increase of 3.1 percent on average in Europe at the beginning of 2021. A year ago, the nominal increase was 6.1 percent, announced the Hans Böckler Foundation of the DGB.
The study, which covers September 2019 to October 2020, showed there has been little change overall in recent years as women still have on average only three-quarters of the legal rights granted to men in the 190 countries reviewed.
The number of countries with perfect scores of 100 on the ranking rose to 10 in the latest review, compared to six previously, where men and women have equal legal rights: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Latvia, Luxembourg, Portugal and Sweden.
Another 27 economies enacted reforms to improve equality, while countries such as Yemen, Kuwait and Qatar scored below 30.
"Despite progress in many countries, there have been troubling reversals in a few, including restricting women's travel without the permission of a male guardian," World Bank President David Malpass said in a statement.
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The bank's George's Quay HQ is one of the most recognisable buildings in Dublin's financial district.It was founded by a group of Belfast businessmen in 1836 and opened its first Dublin branch in 1862.
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The Covid-19 pandemic has exacerbated disadvantages for girls and women, including complicating their ability to attend school or maintain jobs, and women are facing an increase in domestic violence, he said.
There are reasons for hope, however, since despite the difficulties of the past year, many countries have made gender equality a priority, said Mari Elka Pangestu, the bank's managing director for development policy.
But the report found that parenthood is the area that still needs the most improvement.
"While it is encouraging that many countries have proactively taken steps to help women navigate the pandemic, it's clear that more work is needed, especially in improving parental leave and equalizing pay," Pangestu said in a statement.
While nearly 40 economies around the world have introduced leave or benefit policies to help parents with childcare, 100 do not have laws requiring men and women to receive equal pay for equal jobs.
Gillard delighted key speech is TikTok hit .
Former prime minister Julia Gillard says she's surprised and pleased her famous "misogyny speech" directed at Tony Abbott has become a hit on TikTok.Ms Gillard fired off the speech on the floor of the house in response to criticism from Tony Abbott, more than eight years ago.