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World 'Blanket of sadness' covers conflict-hit Tigray capital

11:47  26 february  2021
11:47  26 february  2021 Source:   afp.com

Conflict in Tigray: Washington suspends part of its financial aid to Ethiopia

 Conflict in Tigray: Washington suspends part of its financial aid to Ethiopia © REUTERS / Tiksa Negeri / Tigray conflict in Ethiopia: militiamen from the Amhara region on their way to the front to fight the TPLF Tigrayan, the November 9, 2020. (illustrative image) The United States has decided to suspend part of its financial aid to Ethiopia as serious accusations of human rights violations hang over the authorities Ethiopian.

For nearly two decades, the hilltop museum flanked by weeping willow trees showcased the military might of the Tigray region's ruling party, which dominated Ethiopian politics for decades.

a person standing in front of a building: A displaced person from Western Tigray walks with a tray on her head in the school where she is sheltering in Tigray's capital Mekele on February 24, 2021 © EDUARDO SOTERAS A displaced person from Western Tigray walks with a tray on her head in the school where she is sheltering in Tigray's capital Mekele on February 24, 2021

Located in the regional capital Mekele, the Tigray Martyrs' Monument housed weaponry and battle plans from the party's early days as a guerrilla movement, along with sepia portraits of men and women who lost their lives during its rise to power.

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a group of people sitting at a zoo: A displaced woman and child collect water from a tank at a school where they are sheltering © EDUARDO SOTERAS A displaced woman and child collect water from a tank at a school where they are sheltering

These days the museum symbolises how far the party, the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), has fallen after Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed deployed troops and warplanes to oust it late last year.

a close up of a man in a blue blanket: Nine-year-old Arsema Berha was injured in fighting © EDUARDO SOTERAS Nine-year-old Arsema Berha was injured in fighting

With pro-TPLF fighters long gone, Kalashnikov-toting federal forces have taken over the site, patrolling it with military trucks as Mekele residents look on in disgust.

"This is our pride, our history," tuktuk driver Daniel Girmay told AFP while drinking tea at a cafe across the street.

"I hate those soldiers so much I don't want to see their faces."

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It is just one example of how Mekele, the former TPLF power base, has been transformed by the gruesome conflict still grinding on in northern Ethiopia.

a man and a woman walking down a street: Mekele has been transformed by the conflict © EDUARDO SOTERAS Mekele has been transformed by the conflict

Many of the city's schools are now camps for the displaced. Its paediatric wards teem with children nursing bullet and shrapnel wounds, some of whom have had limbs blown off.

Women walk the streets wearing black as news of dead relatives trickles in from rural areas that remain inaccessible.

Mekele natives worry their home may never regain its old charm.

"This was a fast-growing city, it was a very vibrant city. It was alive for 24 hours," said Dr Kibrom Gebreselassie, chief clinical director at Mekele's Ayder Referral Hospital.

"Now, as you can see, it is covered in a blanket of sadness."

- 'Hidden' toll -

Abiy, winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, announced military operations against the TPLF in November, saying the move came in response to TPLF-orchestrated attacks on federal army camps in Mekele and elsewhere.

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The move came after years of soaring tensions between Abiy and the powerful TPLF which he had been accused of sidelining since his appointment in 2018.

Federal forces closed in on the city three weeks later, and some 26 civilians died as shells rained down on the city's streets, according to Ayder Referral's data.

That was only the beginning of Mekele's misery.

Since then a steady stream of war-wounded have arrived from parts of Tigray hit harder by the fighting, among them orphaned children with nowhere to go once they recover.

Abiy has told lawmakers no civilians died as federal forces entered Tigray's cities and towns, but survivors of shelling attacks say that's simply not true.

"The government is doing nothing while people are affected by the war," Halefom Gebremariam said through tears as doctors treated his 13-year-old son Nahom, who was struck by shrapnel in November, losing his right foot and vision in his right eye.

"Instead they are trying to hide these cases."

Patients at Ayder Referral have also included roughly 120 sexual violence survivors, some bringing ghastly reports of gang rape by soldiers from Ethiopia and neighbouring Eritrea.

Ethiopia: Four media workers arrested in conflict-wracked Tigray

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Maize farmer Tekleberhan Gebregiorgis has watched the grim spectacle unfold from his hospital bed while being treated for a shrapnel wound in his left knee.

"I'm very sad. I'm supposed to be living my normal life at this moment," he told AFP.

"I am not an armed soldier or a militia fighter. I have also seen other injured civilians like me, and many others are dying. It's very hard for me to bear this."

- New leaders -

Across town, in the regional government headquarters, an Abiy-appointed caretaker administration is straining to win over a sceptical Tigrayan public.

Interim head Mulu Nega, a soft-spoken, bespectacled former higher education official, told AFP he knew Mekele residents had "mixed feelings" about his presence in the office formerly occupied by their toppled leaders.

"They want to have a government take over the governance activities in the region," he said.

"On the other hand, as we are not elected, they have also some doubts. That's natural."

Mulu said his priorities include reinstating security, repairing damaged infrastructure and laying the groundwork for as-yet-unscheduled elections in Tigray.

While he pointed to progress on tasks like filling civil servant posts, his detractors say securing popular legitimacy will be all but impossible.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights announced Thursday that her office has corroborated a series of serious violations that could constitute "war crimes and crimes against humanity" in Ethiopia's Tigray region , including

 The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights announced Thursday that her office has corroborated a series of serious violations that could constitute The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights announced Thursday that her office has corroborated a series of serious violations that could constitute "war crimes and crimes against humanity" in the Ethiopian region of Tigray, including by Eritrean troops.

Tzegazeab Kamsu of the Tigray opposition party Baytona said Tigrayans associated Mulu with a perceived war on civilians dressed up as a campaign against the TPLF.

"Who is dying? Not TPLF. Who is being raped? Not TPLF. Who is punished with starvation? Not TPLF," he said.

- 'Furious' and fearful -

Perhaps Mulu's biggest challenge will be to assert control over all of Tigray.

Large swathes of lowland territory in the west and south are controlled by special forces from neighbouring Amhara region.

Eritrean soldiers, meanwhile, are active in much of the mountainous north, their presence confirmed by aid workers and some officials even as it's denied by Addis Ababa and Asmara.

The soldiers have been accused of some of the conflict's most devastating massacres, including the deaths of hundreds in the town of Axum.

Asked if the Eritreans needed to go, Mulu told AFP: "Of course, it's very clear."

This view was widely shared at a secondary school down the road from the Tigray Martyrs' Monument, where displaced families from western Tigray now sleep on donated mattresses in classrooms and science labs, surrounded by what few possessions -- clothing, cooking utensils -- they managed to bring with them.

Mizan Kassa, an engineer from Humera, told AFP that non-Tigrayan forces' presence on Tigrayan soil "makes me furious."

Many of the displaced cited fear of these forces in explaining why, at least for now, they plan to stay in Mekele.

"At least here we are here among our people who are supporting us," said Tirhas Yibrah, another Humera native living at the school with her husband and three children.

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Ethiopia releases media workers detained in Tigray .
One media worker said soldiers had entered his home and accused him of supporting the TPLF. “They were saying a lot of things about how I am a member of the TPLF and have been helping the party since the war started and giving them information,” he said. “But I denied all because I don’t know what they are talking about.” Abiy’s government declared victory over the TPLF after its forces withdrew from principal cities and towns at the end of November. However, low-level fighting has continued in some parts of Tigray, home to more than five million people.

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