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World Egypt's ancient rulers to return in mummies' parade

06:50  03 april  2021
06:50  03 april  2021 Source:   bbc.com

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Crowds of curious Egyptians are expected to line the streets to witness an historic procession of their country's ancient rulers through the capital, Cairo.

a man standing in front of a building: The parade will see the remains of 18 kings and four queens transported to a final resting place © Reuters The parade will see the remains of 18 kings and four queens transported to a final resting place

The lavish, multi-million dollar spectacle will see 22 mummies - 18 kings and four queens - transported from the peach-coloured, neo-classical Egyptian Museum to their new resting place 5km (three miles) away.

With tight security arrangements befitting their royal blood and status as national treasures, the mummies will be relocated to the new National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation in what is called The Pharaohs' Golden Parade.

Egypt: 22 mummies move to new museum in grand parade

  Egypt: 22 mummies move to new museum in grand parade The convoy will move 18 kings and four queens from the Egyptian Museum to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization.The convoy will transport 18 kings and four queens on Saturday – mostly from the New Kingdom – from the Egyptian Museum in central Cairo’s Tahrir Square to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Fustat, about 5km (3 miles) to the southeast.

They will be transported with great fanfare in chronological order of their reigns - from the 17th Dynasty ruler, Seqenenre Taa II, to Ramses IX, who reigned in the 12th Century BC.

a bicycle is parked near a fence: The mummies are being transported to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation in Cairo © EPA The mummies are being transported to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation in Cairo

One of the main attractions is King Ramses II, the most famous pharaoh of the New Kingdom, who ruled for 67 years and is remembered for signing the first known peace treaty.

Another is Queen Hatshepsut, or Foremost of Noble Ladies. She became ruler even though the customs of her time were that women did not become pharaohs.

Each mummy will be carried on a decorated vehicle fitted with special shock-absorbers and surrounded by a motorcade, including replica horse-drawn war chariots.

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While ancient mummification techniques originally preserved the pharaohs, for the move they have been placed in special nitrogen-filled boxes to help protect them against external conditions. Roads along the route have also been repaved to keep the journey smooth.

"The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities has done its best to make sure that the mummies have been stabilised, conserved, and are packed in a climate-controlled environment," said Salima Ikram, professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo.

The mummies were discovered in 1881 and 1898 in two caches in the ruins of Thebes, Egypt's ancient capital - modern day Luxor in Upper Egypt.

"They have already seen a lot of movement in Cairo and before than in Thebes, where they were moved from their own tombs to other sepulchres for safety," Dr Ikram pointed out.

Egypt puts on a show as it moves royal mummies to new home

  Egypt puts on a show as it moves royal mummies to new home ‘Pharaohs’ Golden Parade’ snakes across Cairo, transporting remains of ancient kings and queens to new resting place.Crowds on Saturday gathered to witness the multimillion-dollar spectacle of the 18 kings and four queens making the 7km journey (four miles) to their new resting place.

While most of the ancient rulers' remains were brought from Luxor to Cairo via boat on the Nile, a few were transported in the first-class carriage of a train.


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They were housed in the iconic Egyptian Museum and visited by tourists from around the world for the past century.

Valley of the Kings

Egypt's authorities are hoping that the new museum, which opens fully this month, will help revitalise tourism - a prime source of foreign currency for the country.

The industry has been battered by political turbulence over the past decade, and more recently by the pandemic.

a man standing in front of a building: The Ramses II obelisk in Tahrir Square, dedicated to the most famous pharaoh of the New Kingdom © Reuters The Ramses II obelisk in Tahrir Square, dedicated to the most famous pharaoh of the New Kingdom

Saturday's move of the mummies will be streamed online for all enthusiasts of ancient Egypt to watch.

The new exhibits will now be housed in the Royal Hall of Mummies and will go on display to the general public from 18 April.

The hall has been designed so that visitors will experience the illusion of being in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor.

Egypt: The Parade of Mummies

 Egypt: The Parade of Mummies © AFP - Mahmoud Khaled Framed with a mounted guard, the first black tanks adorned with golden and bright motifs reminiscent of the ancient funerary craft (our photo) left at 8 pm (18h you) Place Tahrir and the Cairo Museum, where the mummies rested for more than a century. Twenty-two Egyptian royal mummies were transferred, Saturday, April 3rd to the evening, from the Tahrir Square Museum to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization (NMEC).

Separately, a new Grand Egyptian Museum which will house the famous Tutankhamun collection is due to open next year, close to the Great Pyramids at Giza.

'Curse of the pharaohs'

While it is being seen as a grand - and even fun - event, Egypt's mummies have historically been associated with superstition and foreboding.

"Death will come on quick wings for those who disturb the king's peace," read the warning on King Tut's tomb, discovered by Englishman Howard Carter in 1922.

Recently, Egypt has had a string of disasters. Last week alone dozens of people were killed in a train crash in Sohag, Upper Egypt, while at least 18 people died when a building collapsed in Cairo.

Then, as preparations were in full swing to transfer the mummies, the Suez Canal was blocked by the MS Ever Given cargo ship for almost a week.

Social media users have questioned whether "the curse of the pharaohs" might be to blame.

The ethics of displaying ancient Egyptian mummies has long been debated. Many Muslim scholars believe that the dead should be treated with dignity and respect and not be exhibited as curiosities.

In 1980, President Anwar Sadat ordered the Royal Mummy Room at the Egyptian Museum closed, arguing that it desecrated the dead. He wanted the mummies to be reburied instead, though he did not get his wish.

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