World Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan launch new Nile dam talks in DRC
Sudan to access $2BN in World Bank grants after settling debts
The arrears, dating back to the days of President Omar al-Bashir, were cleared via a $1.15bn bridge loan from the US.World Bank President David Malpass said the move meant Sudan could now access nearly $2bn in grants from the Bank’s International Development Association (IDA). The Sudanese government said $635m would be immediately available for budget support and welfare spending.
A new round of African Union-mediated talks between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan has begun aimed at resolving a years-long dispute over a massive dam built by Addis Ababa on the Blue Nile, a main tributary of the Nile river.
The three-day talks that kicked off on Saturday are taking place in Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the current chair of the AU.
Can Eritrea’s Afwerki hold on to power after the Tigray war?
The Eritrean president finds himself in an increasingly difficult situation. He could still resist pressure from Addis Ababa and keep Eritrean troops in Tigray. But remaining in a hostile environment for too long would have a massive human cost not only for the local population but also for the invading troops. Moreover, the troops themselves could turn against the political leadership. Sources from the conflict area have recently told me that discontent is already simmering within the Eritrean forces, who do not see a safe exit in the near future.
Foreign and irrigation ministers of the three nations were attending the talks over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), along with AU experts, according to Ethiopia’s Irrigation Minister Seleshi Bekele.
A Sudanese diplomat was quoted as saying by The Associated Press news agency that the experts from the three countries and the AU met on Saturday, ahead of ministers who would meet on Sunday and Monday. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not allowed to brief media.
Egypt’s foreign ministry said in a statement that Cairo wants the negotiations to eventually lead to a legally binding agreement over the operation and filling of the dam’s giant reservoir.
Sudan said it would take part in the Kinshasa round with an aim of agreeing on a “negotiating approach” to ensure the talks would be constructive. That would include an Egyptian-backed Sudanese proposal for the United States, European Union and United Nations to actively mediate in the dispute, along with the AU.
Ethiopia urgently needs inclusive national dialogue
And in order to start one, it needs to face its imperial past and legacy.Rights groups like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, have provided disturbing accounts of atrocities, breath-taking in scale and scope, where Eritrean troops and Amhara militias, fighting alongside the Ethiopian army, massacred civilians, committed horrific acts of sexual violence and “completely erased” whole villages.
Ethiopia has rejected the proposal, saying it “believes in resolving African problems by Africans”.
The dispute centres on the speed at which a planned reservoir is filled behind the dam, the method of its annual replenishment and how much water Ethiopia will release downstream if a multi-year drought occurs. Another point of difference is how the three countries would settle any future disputes.
Downstream countries Egypt and Sudan want a legally binding agreement on the dam’s filling and operation, while Ethiopia insists on guidelines.
The three countries have been locked for almost a decade in inconclusive talks over the GERD, which broke ground in 2011.
The talks in Kinshasa come a few days after Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi said his country’s share of Nile River waters were “untouchable” – a stark warning apparently to Ethiopia, which is preparing for another stage of the dam’s filling later this year.
US urges de-escalation between Sudan, Ethiopia
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken on Monday pressed for an easing of tensions between Sudan and Ethiopia as fears grow of a spillover from the bloody Tigray conflict. In a telephone call with Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, Blinken raised "the need to de-escalate tensions between Sudan and Ethiopia over the Al-Fashaqa border area, including recent commitments to engage in dialogue to resolve the issue," State Department spokesman Ned Price said. The fertile area claimed by both countries has seen a rise in skirmishes as Sudan sends in troops, which Ethiopia has described as an invasion.
El-Sisi warned on Tuesday of “instability that no one can imagine” in the region if the dam’s reservoir is filled and operated without a legally binding agreement.
Bekele, the Ethiopian minister, said his country “as always is determined for principled, equitable and reasonable utilization without causing significant harm,” according to Ethiopia’s official news agency.
Egypt, the Arab world’s most populous country with more than 100 million people, depends on the Nile for almost all of its water needs. It fears that a quick fill would drastically reduce the river’s flow, with potentially severe effects on its agriculture and other sectors.
Ethiopia says GERD is essential for its development, arguing that the vast majority of its population lacks electricity. The dam will generate more than 6,400 megawatts of electricity, a massive boost to the country’s current production of 4,000 megawatts.
Sudan wants Ethiopia to coordinate and share data on the dam’s operation to avoid flooding and protect its own power-generating dams on the Blue Nile.
The Blue Nile meets with the White Nile in central Sudan. From there the Nile winds northward through Egypt and flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
Great Renaissance Dam: After the failure of Kinshasa, increased voltages .
© Maxar Technologies via AP satellite images of the Renaissance dam filling. A phenomenon due to the weather, according to Ethiopia. Failure, Tuesday, April 6, three days from Kinshasa talks on the Ethiopian hydroelectric mega-barrage built on a tributary of the Nile, weighs the climate in the region. While the second phase of filling the tank is approaching, the positions seem more remote than ever. Sudanese negotiators have left Kinshasa very angry .