World Ethiopia determined to continue filling its large dam on the Nile
Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan launch new Nile dam talks in DRC
The African Union is mediating the three-day talks in Kinshasa as dispute between the three countries drags on.The three-day talks that kicked off on Saturday are taking place in Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the current chair of the AU.
Ethiopia has declared itself on Wednesday determined to continue to fulfill the mega-barrage it builds on the Nile, despite the persistent litigation with Egypt and Sudan, downstream of the river.
The Foreign Ministers of the Three Countries fenced without agreement Tuesday three days of negotiations in Kinshasa under the auspices of the Congolese Head of State Félix Tshisekedi, President in the exercise of the African Union (AU). The talks must resume before the end of the month, "Ethiopian diplomacy said on Tuesday night.
Ethiopia urgently needs inclusive national dialogue
And in order to start one, it needs to face its imperial past and legacy.Rights groups like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, have provided disturbing accounts of atrocities, breath-taking in scale and scope, where Eritrean troops and Amhara militias, fighting alongside the Ethiopian army, massacred civilians, committed horrific acts of sexual violence and “completely erased” whole villages.
The Ethiopian Minister of Water, Seleshi Bekele, said Wednesday that his country would continue to fill the barrage reservoir, a Capacity of 74 billion m3, during the next rainy season, which must begin in June or July.
"As the construction advances, the filling takes place," said the minister at a press conference. "We do not give it back," he said.
Addis Ababa announced in 2020 to have completed the first phase of the filling operations, reaching the target of 4.9 billion m3, allow to test the first two turbines of the dam and targets this year 13.5 billion m3 additional m3 .
Built in northwestern Ethiopia, near the border with Sudan, on the blue Nile which joins the white Nile to Khartoum, the Sudanese capital, to form the Nile, the "great dam of the Renaissance" (or Gerd) is a source of tension between the three countries since the first stone pose in April 2011.
Nile dam talks extended in Kinshasa after draft communique setback
Talks gathering Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan on Addis Ababa's contested dam on the Nile were being extended on Tuesday after Sudan objected to the terms of a draft communique, a Congolese mediator said. Hosted by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in Kinshasa, the meeting bringing together foreign ministers from the three countries began on Sunday and had been scheduled to end on Monday. "Ethiopia and Egypt accepted the terms contained in the draft final communique. But Sudan felt that its interests in the River Nile were at threat," said the DRC source, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Egypt and Sudan wanted to reach a tripartite agreement on the operation of the dam before filling begins. But Ethiopia claims that this filling is an integral part of the construction of GERD and can not be delayed.
Mr. Seleshi lamented that Egyptian and Sudanese negotiators in Kinshasa claimed the increased involvement of South African, American and European Union (EU). Ethiopia opposes it, invoking the need to privilege the process leads by the Presidency of the AU, headquartered in Addis Ababa, its capital.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sissi warned on March 30 against "unimaginable instability" in the area if the dam made "a drop of water" to his country.
By this project, Ethiopia "threatens the peoples of the Nile basin, and Sudan directly," said Sudanese Foreign Minister Mariam Al Mansoura Elsadig Almahdi on Tuesday, after negotiations in Kinshasa.
Mr. Seleshi has minimized the risk of conflagration, adding that "exaggerate them does not benefit any country".
RCB / FB / SST / HBA
China's plans for Himalayan super dam stoke fears in India .
China is planning a mega dam in Tibet able to produce triple the amount of electricity of the Three Gorges -- the world's largest power station -- stoking fears among environmentalists and in neighbouring India. The structure will span the Brahmaputra River before it leaves the Himalayas and flows into India, straddling the world's longest and deepest canyon at above 1,500-metre altitude. The site in Tibet's Medog County is expected to dwarf the record-breaking Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, central China, and is billed as being able to produce 300 billion kilowatts of electricity each year.