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World Myanmar coup: 100 days of turmoil

08:05  10 may  2021
08:05  10 may  2021 Source:   afp.com

Thousands poised to flee to Thailand due to violence in Myanmar

  Thousands poised to flee to Thailand due to violence in Myanmar Thai foreign ministry says 2,267 Myanmar civilians had crossed into Thailand as of early Friday since fighting erupted.Karen rebels and the Myanmar army have clashed near the Thai border in the weeks since Myanmar’s generals deposed an elected government led by democracy champion Aung San Suu Kyi, displacing villagers on both sides of the border.

Myanmar's military seized power on February 1, ousting the civilian government and arresting its leader, Aung San Suu Kyi.

a group of people standing in front of a crowd: The 100 days in Myanmar have seen mass street protests, bloody crackdowns by the junta, economic turmoil and growing international concern © STR The 100 days in Myanmar have seen mass street protests, bloody crackdowns by the junta, economic turmoil and growing international concern

The 100 days that have followed have seen mass street protests, bloody crackdowns by the junta, economic turmoil and growing international concern.

a group of people walking down the street: Resistance to the coup began with people banging pots and pans -- a practice traditionally associated with driving out evil spirits © STR Resistance to the coup began with people banging pots and pans -- a practice traditionally associated with driving out evil spirits

A recap of events:

- Back to the old days -

The generals stage a coup on February 1, detaining Nobel peace laureate Suu Kyi and her top allies in pre-dawn raids.

UN calls for restoration of democracy in Myanmar, end to violence

  UN calls for restoration of democracy in Myanmar, end to violence Statement follows warning from special envoy that coup has united people against military and situation is deterioratingThe council’s press statement followed a briefing by the top UN envoy that the strong, united demand for democracy by the people of Myanmar who have been protesting since the military’s power grab has created “unexpected difficulties” for military leaders in consolidating power and risks bringing the administration of the nation to a standstill.

Myanmar's military seized power on February 1, ousting the civilian government and arresting its leader Aung San Suu Kyi © STR Myanmar's military seized power on February 1, ousting the civilian government and arresting its leader Aung San Suu Kyi

It ends Myanmar's decade-long experiment with democracy after close to half a century of military rule.

a group of people holding signs: The junta has defended seizing power and said it will not tolerate © STR The junta has defended seizing power and said it will not tolerate "anarchy" wrought by protesters

The generals claim fraud in November's elections, which Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) party won by a landslide.

The putsch draws global condemnation, from Pope Francis to US President Joe Biden.

- Walkie-talkies -

Two days later 75-year-old Suu Kyi is charged with an obscure offence over unregistered walkie-talkies at her home.

- Internet blocked -

Resistance to the coup begins with people banging pots and pans -- a practice traditionally associated with driving out evil spirits.

China Throwing Support Behind 'Diplomatic Efforts' to End Myanmar Coup

  China Throwing Support Behind 'Diplomatic Efforts' to End Myanmar Coup Myanmar has seen violence and protests since February, when the military ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi and reversed years of progress toward democratic rule."It's mainly an issue relating to the difference on the election," Zhang Jun said, according to the Associated Press. "The political parties should be able to find a solution on that. So that's why China prefers...more diplomatic efforts.

Chart showing the deaths in Myanmar since the February 1 coup © John SAEKI Chart showing the deaths in Myanmar since the February 1 coup

The junta tries to block social media platforms including Facebook, which is hugely popular in Myanmar. Nightly internet blackouts are later imposed.

A UN envoy has called for Security Council action to stop Myanmar from spiralling into civil war © STR A UN envoy has called for Security Council action to stop Myanmar from spiralling into civil war

- Bold defiance -

Popular dissent surges over the weekend of February 6 and 7, with tens of thousands of people gathering on the streets calling for the release of Suu Kyi.

Workers begin a nationwide strike on February 8.

- Police fire on protesters -

A young woman, Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, is shot in the head and another person is wounded after police fire on crowds in Naypyidaw on February 9.

- International sanctions -

The next day Washington announces sanctions against several military officials, including Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, the army chief now in charge.

Myanmar students, Olympic hopeful welcome Australia's move to extend their visas after brutal coup at home

  Myanmar students, Olympic hopeful welcome Australia's move to extend their visas after brutal coup at home Myanmar students living in Australia welcome a move to extend their visas so they can remain here lawfully after a brutal coup by the military in their homeland.The country's brutal history at the hands of the military, known as the Tatmadaw, was one of the reasons she wanted to come to Australia to study.

More rounds of sanctions follow in the subsequent weeks from the United States, Britain and the European Union.

- New Suu Kyi charge -

On February 16 Suu Kyi's lawyer says she has been hit with a second charge, this time under the natural disaster management law.

- First protester dies -

Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, the woman shot 10 days earlier, dies on February 19, becoming a symbol of opposition to the junta.

- More charges -

Suu Kyi is hit with two new criminal charges on March 1. Her lawyer says she is now accused of inciting unrest and breaking telecommunications laws.

Ten days later the military accuses her of accepting illegal payments of cash and gold.

- Atrocities alleged -

On March 11 rights group Amnesty International says it has documented atrocities by the junta including the use of battlefield weapons on unarmed protesters.

A day later a UN rights expert on Myanmar accuses the military of crimes against humanity.

- Junta defends coup -

The junta defends seizing power on March 25 and says it will not tolerate "anarchy" wrought by protesters.

Myanmar army says no ASEAN envoy visit until stability restored

  Myanmar army says no ASEAN envoy visit until stability restored At least 774 people were killed and more than 3,700 detained in the military’s crackdown on opponents.Leaders of countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) had reached consensus on five points at a summit on the Myanmar crisis last month, which was attended by the architect of the February 1 coup, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.

- Bloodiest day -

Armed Forces Day on March 27, the military's annual show of strength, turns into a bloodbath with more than 100 civilians killed in protest crackdowns -- the deadliest single day since the coup.

- 'Civil war' warning -

Violence escalates in border areas between the military and Myanmar's numerous ethnic rebel armies -- several of which have declared their support for the protest movement.

On March 31 a UN envoy calls for Security Council action to stop the country spiralling into civil war.

- Secrets charge -

On April 2, Suu Kyi's lawyer announces the most serious charge laid against her -- of breaching the official secrets act.

- Shadow government -

Ousted civilian lawmakers, forced into hiding, announce the formation of a shadow "National Unity Government".

- ASEAN summit -

Leaders from regional bloc ASEAN hold a summit on the Myanmar crisis in Jakarta, and invite junta leader Min Aung Hlaing.

They agree a five-point statement calling for dialogue, an end to violence and the appointment of an envoy.

But state media report days later the bloc's "suggestions" will only be considered "when the situation returns to stability" in Myanmar.

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US, Canada and UK impose new sanctions on Myanmar military .
Coordinated sanctions are latest in string of punitive measures targeting Myanmar military rulers and related entities.The US said on Monday that it was targeting the governing State Administrative Council (SAC) and 13 officials, freezing any of their US assets and barring Americans from dealing with them.

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